Susie Creek

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Susie Creek
Susie Creek 2012 BLM.png
Susie Creek after management of cattle grazing and return of beaver as shown in 2012 photo below. Courtesy Carol Evans, BLM.
Location
CountryUnited States
StateNevada
RegionElko County
CityCarlin, Nevada
Physical characteristics
SourceThe south flank of Lone Mountain
 - coordinates41°05′18″N 115°57′45″W / 41.08833°N 115.96250°W / 41.08833; -115.96250[2]
 - elevation6,984 ft (2,129 m)[1]
Mouth 
 - coordinates
40°43′09″N 116°04′29″W / 40.71917°N 116.07472°W / 40.71917; -116.07472Coordinates: 40°43′09″N 116°04′29″W / 40.71917°N 116.07472°W / 40.71917; -116.07472[2]
 - elevation
4,905 ft (1,495 m)
Susie Creek before restoration and rotation of cattle grazing. Courtesy Carol Evans, BLM.

Susie Creek is a southward flowing 35-mile-long (56 km)[1] stream that begins on the south flank of Lone Mountain in the Independence Mountains and is tributary to the Humboldt River at Carlin in Elko County in northeastern Nevada.

History[edit]

A pioneer Scots family, on their overland trek to California in 1849, camped near the stream and named four creeks, including Susie Creek, Maggie Creek, Mary Creek, and Amelia Creek after their four daughters.[3]

Watershed[edit]

The Susie Creek watershed drains 180 square miles (470 km2).[4] The Susie Creek watershed is bounded by the Independence Mountains on the west and the Adobe Range to the north and east.

Ecology[edit]

Maggie and Susie Creeks, which enter the Humboldt River near Carlin, have benefited from 20 years of work by ranchers, agencies, mines, and non-profit groups via improvements in grazing techniques and specific projects. These projects, which include installation of fish passable culverts, have led to the return of migrating Lahontan cutthroat trout (LCT, Onchorhynchus clarkii henshawi).[5]

North American beaver (Castor canadensis) seem to have been making a comeback in Elko County possibly due to less fur trapping combined with reduced consumption of riparian willow and other vegetation by cattle. Stream flows are more perennial, making more water available for wildlife and livestock and protecting populations of native trout.[6] By working with satellite imagery and aerial photography, Trout Unlimited was able to compare conditions from as far back as 20 to 30 years ago to conditions in 2013. For the Susie Creek Basin as whole, riparian vegetation increased by over 100 acres, beaver dams increased from zero to 139, aerial extent of open water increased by over 20 acres and length of wetted stream increased by almost three miles.[7][8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b U.S. Geological Survey. National Hydrography Dataset high-resolution flowline data. The National Map Archived 2012-04-05 at WebCite, accessed July 3, 2017
  2. ^ a b U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Susie Creek
  3. ^ Helen S. Carlson (1974). Nevada Place Names: A Geographical Dictionary. University of Nevada Press. pp. 227–. ISBN 978-0-87417-094-8.
  4. ^ Russell W. Plume. Water Resources and Potential Effects of Ground-Water Development in Maggie, Marys, and Susie Creek Basins, Elko and Eureka Counties, Nevada, Water Resources Investigations Report 94-4222 (PDF) (Report). U. S. Geological Survey. Retrieved July 3, 2017.
  5. ^ Zeb Hogan (April 27, 2014). "Partnership Protects America's Largest Native Trout in Dry Nevada". Water Currents in National Geographic. Retrieved July 3, 2017.
  6. ^ Hyslop, Larry (January 4, 2013). "Nature Notes: Beavers Working for Us". Elko Daily Press. Retrieved January 27, 2013.
  7. ^ Elko District BLM (July 13, 2015). "Heguys collaborate to improve riparian zone". Elko Daily Free Press. Retrieved July 3, 2017.
  8. ^ Bryce Gray (June 13, 2015). "Beavers Build Dams to Battle Drought". Medill News Service. Retrieved July 3, 2017.