Swallow TP

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Swallow TP
Swallow TP at Yanks Chino 05.01.jpg
Swallow TP at Yanks Air Museum Chino California
Role Trainer
National origin United States
Manufacturer Swallow
Designer Amos O. Payne
First flight 1928
Number built ~200

The Swallow TP was a trainer aircraft produced by the Swallow Airplane Company in the United States from 1928.

Design and construction[edit]

The TP was a simple and rugged biplane design with room for an instructor and student in tandem open cockpits. The fuselage was made from welded steel tubing, faired to shape and then fabric covered. The wings were typical of the day with Spruce spars, spruce & plywood ribs with fabric covering. Built to be easy to fly, and for ease of maintenance, the Swallow TP was quite popular with nearly 200 being built. Initially the TP was offered with the ubiquitous Curtiss OX-5. Later, it was offered with a choice of a Siemens-Halske, Kinner, or Warner engines. Most customers opted for the OX-5 which was the cheapest.


Main production variant with a Curtiss OX-5 engine, about 200 built.
Production variant with a five-cylinder Kinner K-5 engine, 20 to 25 built.
Production variant with a seven-cylinder Warner Scarab engine, three built
Production variant with seven-cylinder Siemens-Halske Sh 14 engine.

Specifications (Swallow TP)[edit]

General characteristics

  • Crew: 1
  • Capacity: 1 passenger
  • Length: 23 ft 7 in (7.19 m)
  • Wingspan: 30 ft 11 in (9.4 m)
  • Height: 8 ft 10 in (2.69 m)
  • Wing area: 296 ft2 (27.5 m2)
  • Empty weight: 1,283 lb (583.2 kg)
  • Gross weight: 1,825 lb (829.55 kg)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Curtiss OX-5, 90 hp (67 kW)


  • Maximum speed: 90 mph (144 km/h)
  • Cruise speed: 75 mph (120 km/h)
  • Stall speed: 33 mph (53 km/h)
  • Range: 300+ miles (483 km)
  • Service ceiling: 15,500 ft (4,724 m)
  • Rate of climb: 650 ft/min (3.3 m/s)


  • Juptner, Joseph P. (1964). U.S. Civil Aircraft Vol.2. Los Angeles: Aero Publishers. pp. 20 to 21. 
  • "Swallow, New Swallow". Aerofiles.com. Retrieved 2008-10-21. 

External links[edit]