T. D. Richardson
|Full name||Thomas Dow Richardson|
|Alternative names||Tyke Richardson|
|Country represented||United Kingdom|
16 January 1887|
|Died||7 January 1971
|Former partner||Mildred Richardson|
|Former coach||Bror Meyer
With his wife, Mildred Richardson, he represented Great Britain at the 1924 Winter Olympics, where they placed 8th. In 1958, he founded the Commonwealth Winter Games in St Moritz, Switzerland, and served as chairman of the Games until his death.
He first learned the English style of skating, but was soon attracted to the International Style, to which he contributed greatly throughout his life. He took lessons from Bernard Adams, the first great British skating teacher of the International Style, and from Bror Meyer of Sweden. He eventually earned his gold medal in the International Style and the Bronze medal in the English Style.
T.D Richardson first took to the ice in 1891 at the age of four, during the winter known as 'the great frost'. He began skating pairs in 1911 with his future wife, Mildred Allingham, and together they made a substantial contribution to the development of modern pair skating, particularly in the unique form of "mirror" or shadow skating.
Judging and publishing career
The Richardsons became active judges, both reaching the rank of International Skating Union (ISU) Championship (World) Judge. They also served as referees and judged many national and international championships. Richardson was a judge at the 1927 World Figure Skating Championships and 1928 Winter Olympic Games. He was also instrumental in obtaining the adoption by the International Skating Union of a rule limiting a country to one judge in each event in which it has entries.
During the 1920s, Richardson carried out the research that culminated in his famous book, Modern Figure Skating, first published in 1930. This book represented his revolutionary concept of the "Theory of the Sixteen Positions" in compulsory figures. It was a fundamental and practical approach to the execution of compulsory figures, which remained valid for many decades.
He went on to write ten more books, of which The Art of Figure Skating, published in 1962, reflected the mature development of his theories about figure skating. He was the definitive reporter of the sport for many years as correspondent for The Times of London and Skating World magazine.
Richardson long advocated the addition of new compulsory figures to the International schedule and established the Star Class Test in England, including the new compulsory figures. His proposals never gained international acceptance, however, a factor that contributed to the eventual disappearance of compulsory figures from international competition.
The Richardsons served the National Skating Association (now the National Ice Skating Association) of Great Britain in many capacities. Richardson was chairman of the Ice Figure Committee of the NSA for 11 years and was vice chairman of the NSA Council. He and his wife were elected to honorary life membership of the NSA in 1967, and Queen Elizabeth II awarded him the Order of the British Empire (OBE) for services to figure skating in 1955.
On his death in 1971, Cecilia Colledge, the great British, European and World Champion skater said of him: "He acted always for what he knew was right. He would not submerge his principles in order to be popular. He would not compromise in order to be elected. He would not curb his independent courage. He served skating."
- T.D. Richardson - Modern Figure Skating (1930)
- Dr Manfred Curry - The Beauty of Skating (John Miles Ltd, 1935)
- E.R. Hall & T.D. Richardson - Champions all: camera studies by E.R. Hall (Frederick Muller, 1938)
- T.D. Richardson - The Complete Figure Skater (Methuen & Co, 1948)
- T.D. Richardson - Ice Rink Skating (1949)
- T.D. Richardson - Skating with T.D. Richardson (Sir Isaac Pitman & Sons, 1952)
- T.D. Richardson - The Girl's Book of Skating (Burke Publishing, 1959)
- T.D. Richardson - The Art of Figure Skating (1962)
- T.D. Richardson - Your Book of Skating (Faber and Faber, 1962)
- "Hall of Fame Inductees". Retrieved 23 February 2010.
- History of the National Ice Skating Association
- "T.D. Richardson". Olympics at Sports-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 8 August 2012.