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The Tabunian is a Palaeolithic stone tool industry that is a Near Eastern variant of the Tayacian and Clactonian of Europe.[1][2] It was excavated in Israel from layer G at the site of Tabun Cave by Dorothy Garrod and layers E, F and G at Umm Qatafa by R. Neuville and later identified as distinct by Francis Clark Howell. The tools of this culture are characterized by a lack of bifaces and use of Levallois technique is absent.[3]


  1. ^ Emmanuel Anati (1963). Palestine before the Hebrews: a history, from the earliest arrival of man to the conquest of Canaan. Knopf. Retrieved 9 September 2012. 
  2. ^ M. Petraglia (22 December 1998). Early Human Behaviour in the Global Context: The Rise and Diversity of the Lower Palaeolithic Period. Taylor & Francis. pp. 249–. ISBN 978-0-415-11763-0. Retrieved 9 September 2012. 
  3. ^ Thomas Levy (1 November 1998). Archaeology of Society in the Holy Land. Continuum International Publishing Group. pp. 97–. ISBN 978-0-8264-6996-0. Retrieved 9 September 2012.