Tai Wo

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Tai Wo Estate
HK TaiWoEstate.JPG
Tai Wo Estate, with the Kwong Fuk Bridge over the Lam Tsuen River.
Alternative names
  • Tai Wo
  • Tai Wo Plaza (shopping mall only)
  • Tai Wo Market (wet market only)
Etymologyname after the historic Tai Wo Market (太和市)
General information
Typehigh-rise residential buildings and multi-storey shopping mall
Town or cityTai Po District, Hong Kong
Coordinates22°27′04″N 114°09′40″E / 22.4511°N 114.1611°E / 22.4511; 114.1611
ClientHong Kong Housing Authority
Owner
Fu Shin Street
富善街
Tai Po Market (大埔墟)
FuShinStreet.jpg
Former name(s)Tai Wo Market (太和市)
Typemarket town and walking street
LocationTai Po District, Hong Kong
Coordinates22°26′53″N 114°9′53.5″E / 22.44806°N 114.164861°E / 22.44806; 114.164861


Tai Wo (Chinese: 太和) or known as Tai Wo Market (太和市, transliteration Tai Wo Shi) are the name of several areas in the Tai Po District, in the New Territories of Hong Kong. The boundaries changed from time to time. In present time, the name "Tai Wo" mostly[according to whom?] refers to the area surrounding the Tai Wo station of the East Rail Line and the Tai Wo Estate.[1] However, historically, Tai Wo referred to the area that currently called Tai Po Market.[2]:39 Despite Tai Po Market was also the old name of another area, which currently known as Tai Po Old Market.[2]:39 All three areas are now part of Tai Po New Town, a satellite town (suburb) that co-jointed with the existing indigenous villages.

History[edit]

Recent years[edit]

Entrance of current "Tai Wo Market" on the G/F of Tai Wo Plaza
Tai Po Sports Ground (front), Serenity Park (centre) and Tai Wo Plaza (far left)

Currently, Tai Wo forms the north-western part[citation needed] of Tai Po Town. It has its own railway station Tai Wo station of the East Rail Line and a shopping centre. Tai Wo Estate and Po Nga Court are large public housing estates in the area, which they were situated on the Northen shore of the Lam Tsuen River. Their shopping centre, Tai Wo Plaza, is adjacent to the Tai Wo station.[3] Part of the ground floor of the shopping centre, was also named "Tai Wo Market" (Chinese: 太和街市; literally: "Tai Wo wet market") as an indoor market.[3] Both Tai Wo Estate and Po Nga Court were the residential projects of the Hong Kong Housing Authority, which initially they were part of the portfolios of rental housing and subsidised home ownership respectively. The authority sold the shopping centre of the housing estate to Link REIT in 2005, which the real estate investment trust renamed the shopping centre from Tai Wo shopping centre (太和商場) to Tai Wo Plaza (太和廣場) in 2010.[4]

Tai Wo Estate and Po Nga Court were completed in 1989.[5][6] According to an interview of an elder of the Tang clan of Tai Po Tau, some of the land of Tai Wo Estate, were originally farmlands that owned by Tang clan of Tai Po Tau. (Or more precisely, owned the long term land lease, leasing from the government) Government bought back the farmlands for Tai Po New Town development.[7] Ironically, Tang clan of Tai Po Tau, was one of the operators of the original Tai Po Market, now the residential area Tai Po Old Market, while Tai Wo was named after the historic Tai Wo Market, which now known as Tai Po Market.

The area of Tai Wo Estate, was planned as an industrial area. However, the plan was scrapped in 1983.[8]

Connection of the historic Tai Wo Market and current Tai Po Market[edit]

Historically, "Tai Wo" was the name of the current outdoor market area Fu Shin Street [zh] (富善街), which was situated on the Southern shore of the Lam Tsuen River. It was one of the market town of Tai Po and surrounding villages. Fu Shin Street, at that time known as Tai Wo Market (太和市) or Tai Po New Market (大埔新墟) was developed since 1892 by the Tsat Yeuk (七約; "Seven Alliance"). Which Tsat Yeuk was an inter-village alliance, none of them were from Tang clan. The formation of a new market town, was intended to break the monopoly of the [old] Tai Po Market (大埔墟, now Tai Po Old Market) formed by the Tang clans of Lung Yeuk Tau (龍躍頭鄧氏) and Tai Po Tau (大埔頭鄧氏).[9][10][11] The Tai Po Old Market (大埔舊墟, transliteration Tai Po Kau Hui) was located on the Northern shore of the Lam Tsuen River. Historically Tai Po Old Market was known as Tai Po Tau Hui (大步頭墟)[12]

Tsat Yeuk also built Kwong Fuk Bridge which connects the two market towns,[2]:116 as well as Tai Po's Man Mo Temple which located in the centre of Fu Shin Street.[2]:102

To add more confusion to the name, government also runs an indoor wet market (Chinese: 大埔墟街市) in Tai Po Complex [zh], while its former location, was redeveloped into a public housing estate Po Heung Estate [zh], where they are near to the Fu Shin Street. All three locations were belongs to "Tai Po Market" District Council Election Constituency of Hong Kong local elections, 2015.[13]

The headquarters of Tai Po Rural Committee of Heung Yee Kuk, was located in the former school building of the Sung Tak primary school (not to be confused with Sung Tak Wong Kin Sheung Memorial School), which is located at one end of Fu Shin Street. The former headquarters was redeveloped into aforementioned Po Heung Estate. Tai Po Rural Committee supervised some of the matter of the villages of indigenous inhabitants of Tai Po.

Tai Wo Market (Fu Shin Street) was served by [old] Tai Po Market railway station. The accessibility of Tai Wo Market had made the area as one of the important market town of the New Territories.[10] However, the railway station was closed in 1983[14] and was replaced by Tai Po Market station and Tai Wo station on different locations.

To sum up, despite historically known as Tai Wo, area around Fu Shin Street has known as Tai Po Market, and became the city centre of Tai Po, housing various government buildings.

Other namesake[edit]

Lastly, Tai Po Tai Wo Road [zh] is a public road that start from an area next to the Tai Wo Estate, and then connects to area such as Tai Po Centre [zh], a privately owned high rise commercial-residential complex, as well as Tai Po Police Station (not to be confused with Old Tai Po Police Station), and ends on the western boundary of Tai Po Waterfront Park. Most part of the road are not part of the historic Tai Wo Market, nor the current Tai Wo Estate.

In election boundaries[edit]

In Hong Kong local elections, 2015, the name of the District Council Election Constituency that Fu Shin Street (the historic Tai Wo Market) was located, was called "Tai Po Market" (大埔墟), while the large part of Tai Wo Estate was the only residential area of the election constituency "Tai Wo"; Po Nga Court and other part of Tai Wo Estate were the only residential area of the election constituency "Po Nga".[13] North of "Tai Wo" constituency, was the "Old Market & Serenity" constituency (Chinese: 舊墟及太湖; literally: "[The] old market and Serenity Park [zh]"), where Tai Po Old Market was located.[13] Tai Po Old Market currently a pure residential area, [sic][2]:165 while Serenity Park is another privately owned residential complex.

The current Tai Po Market station, was located on the boundary between "Tai Po Market" constituency and "San Fu" (新富) constituency; the bus terminus of the station, which was located on the ground floor and underground level of a commercial-residential complex, Uptown Plaza [zh] (新達廣場), was entirely inside "San Fu" constituency.[13][15]

Tai Wo staion was located on the boundary between constituencies "Tai Wo" and "Po Nga".[13]

However, the proposed change for the District Council Election Constituencies of Hong Kong local elections, 2019, had enlarged the constituency "Po Nga", which cover more than Po Nga Court and part of the Tai Wo Estate.[16] It was also accused of gerrymandering.[17]

In 1989, Tai Wo Estate did not had their own election constituency.[18]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 萬里地圖製作中心, ed. (July 2017). 香港大地圖 [Complete City Guide of Hong Kong] (in Chinese) (2018 ed.). Wan Li Book (Sino United Publishing Group). ISBN 978-962-14-6420-0. Retrieved 19 September 2018.
  2. ^ a b c d e 蕭國健 (2007). 大埔風物志 (PDF) (in Chinese) (revised ed.). Tai Po District Council.
  3. ^ 【領展欺淩】細數那些年被領展整過的商場. D18hk.com (in Chinese). 16 November 2017. Retrieved 19 September 2018.
  4. ^ "Tai Wo Estate, Tai Po, New Territories East". Hong Kong Housing Authority. 1 August 2018. Retrieved 19 September 2018.
  5. ^ "Po Nga Court, Tai Po, New Territories East". Hong Kong Housing Authority. 1 November 2016. Retrieved 19 September 2018.
  6. ^ 鄧族大埔頭鄉 從前話今天 太和火車站時光倒流上世紀. Hong Kong Commercial Daily (in Chinese). 23 February 2017. Retrieved 19 September 2018.
  7. ^ 發展西貢北約成新市鎮. Wah Kiu Yat Po (in Chinese). 25 October 1984. p. 21.
  8. ^ Brief information on proposed Grade II items (PDF). Leisure and Cultural Services Department. Hong Kong Government. p. 465. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2013-02-23.
  9. ^ a b 施志明 (2016). "刻苦團結風俗習慣". 本土論俗──新界華人傳統風俗 (in Chinese). Chung Hwa Book Company (Hong Kong). p. 132.
  10. ^ 陳天權 (16 January 2018). "大埔墟和太和市的變遷". 灼見名家 (in Chinese). Retrieved 19 September 2018.
  11. ^ "地理志". 新安縣志 (in Literary Chinese) (Kangxi Year ed.). 1688.
  12. ^ a b c d e "District Council Election Constituency Boundaries – Tai Po District (Sheet 1)" (PDF). Electoral Affairs Commission. 2014. Retrieved 18 September 2018.
  13. ^ "Old Tai Po Market Railway Station - Declared Monuments". Antiquities and Monuments Office. Hong Kong Government. 31 July 2018. Retrieved 18 September 2018.
  14. ^ 大埔新富區7月補選 建制派內訌工黨或漁人得利. 香港獨立媒體網 [In Media HK] (in Chinese). 2 June 2015. Retrieved 1 October 2018.
  15. ^ "Public Consultation Provisional Recommendations on Boundaries and Names of District Council Election Constituencies for 2019 District Council Ordinary Election" (PDF). Electoral Affairs Commission. 23 July 2018. Retrieved 19 September 2018 – via Hong Kong Legislative Council website.
  16. ^ 羅家晴 (24 July 2018). 【區議會選舉】建制議員預知選區劃界? 范國威被割票倉或戰新區. Hong Kong 01 (in Chinese). Retrieved 19 September 2018.
  17. ^ 多個屋邨續興建 百多鄉村仍保留 大埔是較多元化地區 五年將增十餘萬人口 新任政務專員姚紀中奔波履新談印象指出 西貢北暫不改隸 太和邨選區會變. Wah Kiu Yat Po (in Chinese). 10 October 1989. p. 12.

Further reading[edit]

  • 蕭國健 (2007). 太和市開墟. 大埔風物志 (PDF) (in Chinese) (revised ed.). Tai Po District Council.