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|Tai Wo Estate|
Tai Wo Estate, with the Kwong Fuk Bridge over the Lam Tsuen River.
|Etymology||name after the historic Tai Wo Market (太和市)|
|Type||high-rise residential buildings and multi-storey shopping mall|
|Town or city||Tai Po District, Hong Kong|
|Client||Hong Kong Housing Authority|
|Tai Po Market (大埔墟)|
|Former name(s)||Tai Wo Market (太和市)|
|Type||market town and walking street|
|Location||Tai Po District, Hong Kong|
Tai Wo (Chinese: 太和) or known as Tai Wo Market (太和市, transliteration Tai Wo Shi) are the name of several areas in the Tai Po District, in the New Territories of Hong Kong. The boundaries changed from time to time. In present time, the name "Tai Wo" mostly[according to whom?] refers to the area surrounding the Tai Wo station of the East Rail Line and the Tai Wo Estate. However, historically, Tai Wo referred to the area that currently called Tai Po Market.:39 Despite Tai Po Market was also the old name of another area, which currently known as Tai Po Old Market.:39 All three areas are now part of Tai Po New Town, a satellite town (suburb) that co-jointed with the existing indigenous villages.
Currently, Tai Wo forms the north-western part of Tai Po Town. It has its own railway station Tai Wo station of the East Rail Line and a shopping centre. Tai Wo Estate and Po Nga Court are large public housing estates in the area, which they were situated on the Northen shore of the Lam Tsuen River. Their shopping centre, Tai Wo Plaza, is adjacent to the Tai Wo station. Part of the ground floor of the shopping centre, was also named "Tai Wo Market" (Chinese: 太和街市; literally: "Tai Wo wet market") as an indoor market. Both Tai Wo Estate and Po Nga Court were the residential projects of the Hong Kong Housing Authority, which initially they were part of the portfolios of rental housing and subsidised home ownership respectively. The authority sold the shopping centre of the housing estate to Link REIT in 2005, which the real estate investment trust renamed the shopping centre from Tai Wo shopping centre (太和商場) to Tai Wo Plaza (太和廣場) in 2010.
Tai Wo Estate and Po Nga Court were completed in 1989. According to an interview of an elder of the Tang clan of Tai Po Tau, some of the land of Tai Wo Estate, were originally farmlands that owned by Tang clan of Tai Po Tau. (Or more precisely, owned the long term land lease, leasing from the government) Government bought back the farmlands for Tai Po New Town development. Ironically, Tang clan of Tai Po Tau, was one of the operators of the original Tai Po Market, now the residential area Tai Po Old Market, while Tai Wo was named after the historic Tai Wo Market, which now known as Tai Po Market.
The area of Tai Wo Estate, was planned as an industrial area. However, the plan was scrapped in 1983.
Connection of the historic Tai Wo Market and current Tai Po Market
Historically, "Tai Wo" was the name of the current outdoor market area Fu Shin Street (富善街), which was situated on the Southern shore of the Lam Tsuen River. It was one of the market town of Tai Po and surrounding villages. Fu Shin Street, at that time known as Tai Wo Market (太和市) or Tai Po New Market (大埔新墟) was developed since 1892 by the Tsat Yeuk (七約; "Seven Alliance"). Which Tsat Yeuk was an inter-village alliance, none of them were from Tang clan. The formation of a new market town, was intended to break the monopoly of the [old] Tai Po Market (大埔墟, now Tai Po Old Market) formed by the Tang clans of Lung Yeuk Tau (龍躍頭鄧氏) and Tai Po Tau (大埔頭鄧氏). The Tai Po Old Market (大埔舊墟, transliteration Tai Po Kau Hui) was located on the Northern shore of the Lam Tsuen River. Historically Tai Po Old Market was known as Tai Po Tau Hui (大步頭墟)
To add more confusion to the name, government also runs an indoor wet market (Chinese: 大埔墟街市) in Tai Po Complex, while its former location, was redeveloped into a public housing estate Po Heung Estate, where they are near to the Fu Shin Street. All three locations were belongs to "Tai Po Market" District Council Election Constituency of Hong Kong local elections, 2015.
The headquarters of Tai Po Rural Committee of Heung Yee Kuk, was located in the former school building of the Sung Tak primary school (not to be confused with Sung Tak Wong Kin Sheung Memorial School), which is located at one end of Fu Shin Street. The former headquarters was redeveloped into aforementioned Po Heung Estate. Tai Po Rural Committee supervised some of the matter of the villages of indigenous inhabitants of Tai Po.
Tai Wo Market (Fu Shin Street) was served by [old] Tai Po Market railway station. The accessibility of Tai Wo Market had made the area as one of the important market town of the New Territories. However, the railway station was closed in 1983 and was replaced by Tai Po Market station and Tai Wo station on different locations.
To sum up, despite historically known as Tai Wo, area around Fu Shin Street has known as Tai Po Market, and became the city centre of Tai Po, housing various government buildings.
Lastly, Tai Po Tai Wo Road is a public road that start from an area next to the Tai Wo Estate, and then connects to area such as Tai Po Centre, a privately owned high rise commercial-residential complex, as well as Tai Po Police Station (not to be confused with Old Tai Po Police Station), and ends on the western boundary of Tai Po Waterfront Park. Most part of the road are not part of the historic Tai Wo Market, nor the current Tai Wo Estate.
In election boundaries
In Hong Kong local elections, 2015, the name of the District Council Election Constituency that Fu Shin Street (the historic Tai Wo Market) was located, was called "Tai Po Market" (大埔墟), while the large part of Tai Wo Estate was the only residential area of the election constituency "Tai Wo"; Po Nga Court and other part of Tai Wo Estate were the only residential area of the election constituency "Po Nga". North of "Tai Wo" constituency, was the "Old Market & Serenity" constituency (Chinese: 舊墟及太湖; literally: "[The] old market and Serenity Park"), where Tai Po Old Market was located. Tai Po Old Market currently a pure residential area, [sic]:165 while Serenity Park is another privately owned residential complex.
The current Tai Po Market station, was located on the boundary between "Tai Po Market" constituency and "San Fu" (新富) constituency; the bus terminus of the station, which was located on the ground floor and underground level of a commercial-residential complex, Uptown Plaza (新達廣場), was entirely inside "San Fu" constituency.
Tai Wo staion was located on the boundary between constituencies "Tai Wo" and "Po Nga".
However, the proposed change for the District Council Election Constituencies of Hong Kong local elections, 2019, had enlarged the constituency "Po Nga", which cover more than Po Nga Court and part of the Tai Wo Estate. It was also accused of gerrymandering.
In 1989, Tai Wo Estate did not had their own election constituency.
- Tai Po Sports Ground, located in the nearby Tai Po Tau, next to Serenity Park.
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