Talk:Innovation economics

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Changed Automotive cluster from Berlin to Badem-Württemberg. The cluster for the automotive industry is in particular located in the south of Germany, with the expetion of Wolfsburg regarding VW

 == What difference between Innovation Economics and Economics of Innovation ? pretty confusing ! ==

If you type "Economics of Innovation", you are redirected towards "Innovation".


The article "Innovation" has a chapter "Economics"....

It is as if this article was called "Innovation Economics" because the name "Economics of Innovation" was already taken !


Euroflux (talk) 18:27, 23 July 2012 (UTC)

Dr. Nathan's comment on this article[edit]

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There is a lot of missing material here. I've suggested some further experts who I hope can fill in the gaps.


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  • Reference : Max Nathan, 2013. "Top Team Demographics, Innovation and Business Performance: Findings from English Firms and Cities 2008-9," SERC Discussion Papers 0129, Spatial Economics Research Centre, LSE.

ExpertIdeasBot (talk) 13:35, 11 June 2016 (UTC)

Dr. Castellacci's comment on this article[edit]

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"Innovation economics is a growing economic theory that emphasizes entrepreneurship and innovation".

This statement is not correct. Please reformulate in this way:

"Innovation economics is a growing field of research that studies the economic determinants and impacts of innovation".


Please add this reference to the list:

Castellacci, F. (2007): "Evolutionary And New Growth Theories. Are They Converging?," Journal of Economic Surveys, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 21(3), pages 585-627, 07.


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  • Reference : Fulvio Castellacci, 2013. "Institutional Voids or Entry Barriers? Business Groups, Innovation and Market Development in Emerging Economies," SPRU Working Paper Series 2013-05, SPRU - Science and Technology Policy Research, University of Sussex.

ExpertIdeasBot (talk) 19:55, 1 July 2016 (UTC)

Dr. Frenken's comment on this article[edit]

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The discussion is basically right, but this is a big field so I recommend this to be extended.


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  • Reference : Koen Frenken & Ron A. Boschma, 2007. "A theoretical framework for Evolutionary Economic Geography: Industrial dynamics and urban growth as a branching process," Papers in Evolutionary Economic Geography (PEEG) 0701, Utrecht University, Section of Economic Geography, revised Mar 2007.

ExpertIdeasBot (talk) 16:19, 11 July 2016 (UTC)

Dr. Berghall's comment on this article[edit]

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The article is good, but lacks reference to innovation spillovers:

While innovation is key to technological progress, in a global world technology diffusion is perhaps even more important. In their seminal paper, Eaton and Kortum (1994) found that more than 50% of the growth in their sample countries derived from innovation in the United States, Germany, and Japan. More generally, according to Keller (2004, p. 752), typically 90 percent of productivity growth originates from abroad, with FDI and trade being important vehicles of international technology diffusion.

Eaton, Jonathan, and Samuel Kortum. "Trade in ideas Patenting and productivity in the OECD." Journal of international Economics 40, 3 (1996): 251-278.

Keller, Wolfgang 2004. "International Technology Diffusion," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 42(3), pages 752-782, September.


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  • Reference : Elina Berghall & Cees vanBeers & Tom Poot, 2004. "Foreign Direct Investment and Science and Technology Infrastructure in Small Countries: Evidence from Finland and the Netherlands," Discussion Papers 357, Government Institute for Economic Research Finland (VATT).

ExpertIdeasBot (talk) 17:00, 27 July 2016 (UTC)

Dr. Nicolli's comment on this article[edit]

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This article can be enriched including the new developments in the field. A good survey on the new direction of Schumpeterian and innovation economics can be found in the following paper:

Fagerberg, J. (2003). Schumpeter and the revival of evolutionary economics: an appraisal of the literature. Journal of Evolutionary Economics, 13(2), 125–159. http://doi.org/10.1007/s00191-003-0144-1

This survey include the main line of research spurred from Schumpeter work


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  • Reference 1: Massimiliano Mazzanti & Giovanni Marin & Susanna Mancinelli & Francesco Nicolli, 2014. "Carbon Dioxide reducing Environmental innovations, sector upstream/downstream integration and policy. Evidence from the EU," SEEDS Working Papers 1814, SEEDS, Sustainability Environmental Economics and Dynamics Studies, revised Aug 2014.
  • Reference 2: Massimiliano Mazzanti & Francesco Nicolli & Marianna Gilli, 2013. "Sustainability and Competitiveness in Evolutionary Perspectives. Environmental Innovations, Structural Change and Economic Dynamics in the EU," Working Papers 2013042, University of Ferrara, Department of Economics.

ExpertIdeasBot (talk) 16:34, 3 August 2016 (UTC)

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The sentence "This is in contrast to the two other conventional economic doctrines, neoclassical economics and Keynesian economics" is not true.Innovation economics is grounded on "evolutionary economics" but it still draws on neoclassical economics instruments, e.g. regarding the role of externalities to appropriate for the benefits of innovation investments.


2) the sentence "Because the primary domain of innovation is commerce the key data resides there; continually out of campus reach in reports hidden within factories, corporate offices and technical centers." needs to be clarified and supported I believe

3) Related to the above: several indicators to measure innovations are available and exploited, even in empirical research. The OECD Frascati Manual develops a framework for measuring and reporting innovation data. Reference: OECD (2015), Frascati Manual 2015: Guidelines for Collecting and Reporting Data on Research and Experimental Development, OECD Publishing, Paris. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/9789264239012-en

4) The following references can be included: B. Hall, & N. Rosenberg (Eds.), 2010 Handbook of the Economics of Innovation. Vol. II. North Holland, p. 833-872.

Fagerberg, J., Mowery, D., and Nelson, R (eds.) (2004) The Oxford Handbook of Innovation, Oxford University Press, Oxford, 2004, p 1-26

5) A broad effort in collecting and systematyzing innovation data both at firm and country level has been performed, e.g. Eurostat releases the "Community Innovation Survey" as a part of the EU science and technology statistics. A Subsection on "Data availability" or on "How to measure innovation" can benefit the page a lot


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  • Reference 1: Claudia Ghisetti & Massimiliano Mazzanti & Susanna Mancinelli & Mariangela Zoli, 2015. "Do financial constraints make the environment worse off? Understanding the effects of financial barriers on environmental innovations," SEEDS Working Papers 0115, SEEDS, Sustainability Environmental Economics and Dynamics Studies, revised Jan 2015.
  • Reference 2: Ghisetti,Claudia & Marzucchi,Alberto & Montresor,Sandro, 2013. "Does external knowledge affect environmental innovations? An empirical investigation of eleven European countries," INGENIO (CSIC-UPV) Working Paper Series 201301, INGENIO (CSIC-UPV), revised 23 May 2013.
  • Reference 3: Claudia Ghisetti & Francesco Quatraro, 2013. "Beyond the Inducement in Climate Change: Do Environmental Performances Spur Enrivornmental Technologies? A Regional Analysis of Cross-Sectoral Differences," Working Papers 2013112, University of Ferrara, Department of Economics.

ExpertIdeasBot (talk) 15:09, 24 August 2016 (UTC)

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"But it is only within the last 15 years that a theory and narrative of economic growth focused on innovation that was grounded in Schumpeter’s ideas has emerged". I would say 30 years, more or less.


The link between innovation and productivity should be strengthened, and there is no puzzle in total factor productivity growth (here a recent survey https://eml.berkeley.edu/~bhhall/papers/BHH11_Innovation_Productivity_NEPR.pdf)


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  • Reference : Francesca Lotti & Maria Lucia Stefani, 2014. "Regional policies to foster firms' innovation activity," Questioni di Economia e Finanza (Occasional Papers) 246, Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area.

ExpertIdeasBot (talk) 19:09, 30 August 2016 (UTC)

Dr. Nepelski's comment on this article[edit]

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"Innovation economists believe that what primarily drives economic growth in today’s knowledge-based economy is not capital accumulation, as claimed by neoclassicalism asserts, but innovative capacity spurred by appropriable knowledge and technological externalities. Economics growth in innovation economics is the end-product of knowledge (tacit vs. codified); regimes and policies allowing for entrepreneurship and innovation (i.e., R&D expenditures, permits, licenses); technological spillovers and externalities between collaborative firms; and systems of innovation that create innovative environments (i.e., clusters, agglomerations, metropolitan areas).[4][5]"

I guess, here one could at least mention some seminal pieces of theoretical work, e.g.: Philippe Aghion and Peter Howitt (1992). A Model of Growth Through Creative Destruction, Econometrica, Vol. 60, No. 2 , pp. 323-351

On geography of innovation one could add:

In Europe, a very small number of regions demonstrate intensive research and innovation activity in such domains as ICT. Furthermore, those 34 regions are themselves concentrated in a small number of countries. The landscape of innovation activity is often dominated by small areas with highly concentrated activities. It is the result of agglomeration. Factors such as the spatial proximity of similar and related firms and industries and the general tendency of people and economic activity to locate in large cities and economic core regions all lead to agglomeration. The agglomeration of R&D, innovation and business activity facilitates local knowledge spillovers and fosters the local business system. (see Nepelski, D., & De Prato, G. (2014). Key Findings and Implications of the European ICT Poles of Excellence project. Seville: JRC-IPTS under http://ftp.jrc.es/EURdoc/JRC85408.pdf)

The following statement:

"Even more, thriving metropolitan economies that carry multiple clusters (i.e., Tokyo, Chicago, London) essentially fuel national economies through their pools of human capital, innovation, quality places, and infrastructure.[14] "

is supported by findings by Nepelski, D. De Prato, G. and Piroli, G. (2016). European start-up hotspots: An analysis based on VC-backed companies, Seville: JRC-IPTS under: http://publications.jrc.ec.europa.eu/repository/bitstream/JRC101215/lfna28021enn.pdf

Worldwide examples: Information and Communication Technologies in Europe: Munich, London, Paris, Karlsruhe, Cambridge, CC Stockholms, Darmstadt, Helsinki, Amsterdam, Leuven (see Nepelski, D. and De Prato, G. (2014). Mapping the European ICT Poles of Excellence: The Atlas of ICT Activity in Europe, Seville: JRC-IPTS under: http://ftp.jrc.es/EURdoc/JRC85353.pdf


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  • Reference : Daniel Nepelski & Giuditta de Prato, 2014. "Identifying European Poles of Excellence: The Methodology," JRC-IPTS Working Papers JRC85356, Institute for Prospective and Technological Studies, Joint Research Centre.

ExpertIdeasBot (talk) 02:45, 6 September 2016 (UTC)

Dr. Barge-Gil's comment on this article[edit]

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I do not think the term 'Innovation Economics' is very used in the literature. After reading the article I would say it corresponds more to what is known as 'Evolutionary economics' or 'Schumpeterian economics'.

On the other hand, I would say that 'Economics of Innovation' would mean something a bit different, including all approaches (not only the Schumpeterian or evolutionary ones) in analyzing the phenomenon of innovation and technical (and organizational) change


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  • Reference : Vasquez-Urriago, Angela Rocio & Barge-Gil, Andres & Modrego, Aurelia, 2012. "Science and technology parks and cooperation for innovation: Empirical evidence from Spain," MPRA Paper 39572, University Library of Munich, Germany.

ExpertIdeasBot (talk) 20:12, 24 September 2016 (UTC)

Dr. Brusoni's comment on this article[edit]

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1. These include Paul Romer, Elhanan Helpman, W. Brian Arthur, Robert Axtell, Richard R. Nelson, Richard Lipsey, Michael Porter, Christopher Freeman.


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  • Reference : Margherita Balconi & Stefano Brusoni & Luigi Orsenigo, 2008. "In Defence of the Linear Model: An Essay," KITeS Working Papers 216, KITeS, Centre for Knowledge, Internationalization and Technology Studies, Universita' Bocconi, Milano, Italy, revised Apr 2008.

ExpertIdeasBot (talk) 22:42, 24 September 2016 (UTC)