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Tangut can refer to:

  • Tangut people, an ancient ethnic group in Northwest China, not Tibetan people.
  • Tangut language, the extinct language spoken by the Tangut people, not Tibetan language.
  • Tangut script, the writing system used to write the Tangut language
  • Western Xia (1038–1227), also known as the Tangut Empire, a state founded by the Tangut people

In some 18th and 19th century works, the term 'Tangut' is used as a synonym for Tibet or Tibetan, and may refer to:

A number of plants found in the region of Tibet are named tangutica or tanguticus: