Taphrina

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Taphrina
Nsr-slika-338.png
Taphrina pruni
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Fungi
Division: Ascomycota
Class: Taphrinomycetes
Order: Taphrinales
Family: Taphrinaceae
Genus: Taphrina
Type species
Taphrina aurea
(Pers.) Fr.
Synonyms[1]

Ascomyces Mont. & Desm.
Ascosporium Berk.
Entomospora Sacc. ex Jacz.
Exoascus Fuckel
Magnusiella Sadeb.
Sarcorhopalum Rabenh.
Taphria Fr.

Taphrina is a fungal genus within the Ascomycota that causes leaf and catkin curl diseases and witch's brooms of certain flowering plants. One of the more commonly observed species causes peach leaf curl. Taphrina typically grow as yeasts during one phase of their life cycles, then infect plant tissues in which typical hyphae are formed, and ultimately they form a naked layer of asci on the deformed, often brightly pigmented surfaces of their hosts. No discrete fruit body is formed outside of the gall-like or blister-like tissues of the hosts. The asci form a layer lacking paraphyses, and they lack croziers. The ascospores frequently bud into multiple yeast cells within the asci. Phylogenetically, Taphrina is a member of a basal group within the Ascomycota, and type genus for the subphylum Taphrinomycotina, the class Taphrinomycetes, and order Taphrinales.[2][3]

Species[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ "MycoBank, the fungal website". MycoBank. International Mycological Association. Retrieved 2010-05-29. 
  2. ^ Lutzoni; Kauff, F.; Cox, C. J.; McLaughlin, D.; Celio, G.; Dentinger, B.; Padamsee, M.; Hibbett, D.; et al. (2004). "Assembling the fungal tree of life: progress, classification, and evolution of subcellular traits". American Journal of Botany. 91 (10): 1446–1480. doi:10.3732/ajb.91.10.1446. PMID 21652303. 
  3. ^ James TY; Kauff, Frank; Schoch, Conrad L.; Matheny, P. Brandon; Hofstetter, Valérie; Cox, Cymon J.; Celio, Gail; Gueidan, Cécile; et al. (2006). "Reconstructing the early evolution of Fungi using a six-gene phylogeny". Nature. 443 (7113): 818–822. doi:10.1038/nature05110. PMID 17051209. 

References[edit]

  1. Broad leaf plant diseases in Canada (BC)- leaf spot example of Taphrina
  2. Biology of fungi - microphoto of Taphrina
  3. Witches Broom image
  4. Palaeos "Introduction to the Ascomycota"
  5. The Oregon Coalition of Interdisciplinary Databases: "Archiascomycetes: Early Diverging Ascomycetes"
  6. Rodrigues, M. G. (2003). "Molecular systematics of the dimorphic ascomycete genus Taphrina". International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology. 53 (2): 607. doi:10.1099/ijs.0.02437-0.