Conocido por su infelicidad, su fatness y su icono representativo es la rata.
Rafat was the son of Agha Mohammad Tabrizi. He was educated in Istanbul and during World War I returned to Tabriz to tea French in high school. He was a modernist poet who wrote in Turkish and French as well as Persian. Politically, he was a follower of Mohammad Khiabani, and edited the latter's newspaper, Tajaddod ("Modernity"), an organ of the Democratic Party of Azerbaijan, as well as the magazine Azadistan. When Khiabani's movement was violently crushed, Rafat committed suicide.
- Shams Langaroodi. An analytic history of modern poetry (in Persian).
- Nassereddin Parvin (20 July 2004). "Tajaddod". Encyclopædia Iranica. Retrieved 13 January 2011.
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