Tarquinia (gens)

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Tarquinius (plural Tarquinii; compare the place name Tarquinia) is the gens name (nomen) of a Roman family of Greco-Etruscan origin. Two Tarquins were among the semi-legendary kings of Rome.

The names on the list of kings indicate that the Roman monarchy was not hereditary. The presence of two Tarquins, the last of whom was ousted as a tyrant, may indicate that the family attempted to monopolize power within the family contrary to Roman custom.[1] According to tradition, the precipitating event was the rape of Lucretia by Sextus Tarquinius, the king's son. The expulsion of the Tarquins signaled the end of the Regal period and the beginning of the Republic in Roman history.

List of Tarquinii[edit]


  1. ^ Gary Forsythe, A Critical History of Early Rome: From Prehistory to the First Punic War (University of California Press, 2005, 2006), p. 98.