The Tata Duende or El Dueño del Monte is a supernatural creature appearing in cultural folklore stories, mostly evident in Mayan and Mestizo cultures. The Tata Duende is considered a powerful spirit that protects animals and the jungle. There are many stories that have been passed on from generation to generation, to warn against this mischievous spirit. This creature has appeared on a postage stamp of Belize as part of a series on Belizean folklore.The name Tata Duende comes from the Mayan word "Tata" meaning Grandfather or old and the word "Duende" is Spanish for goblin. In Yucatec Maya the Tata Duende is known as Nukux Tat.
The Tata Duende is a famous folklore common to the Mayan culture and the Mestizo culture. According to different stories, this "grandfather demon" is well known for luring children into the jungle, therefore, the Tata Duende has been used to scare children into behaving. Farmers would blame the Tata Duende if weird things happened on the farm. For example: it was common to see a horse's mane braided and it is claimed that these braids would be difficult to loose, sometimes it had to be cut. The true origin of the 'Tata Duende' seems to be quite unclear since many countries may have similar descriptions but different names. However, the term 'Tata Duende' seems to be coined in the Belizean folklore.
People who claimed to have seen the 'Tata Duende' said he was about 3 feet tall and wore a wide brimmed hat. Sometimes he wore a red hat and animal skin for clothing. He is also described as having his feet pointing backwards and his thumbs missing. Parents would tell their children that if they ever came across this creature to hide their thumbs or the Duende would bite it off. Some stories of people who have encountered the 'Tata Duende' say that they could recognize him because of his distinct whistle. Others say that he smokes cigars and plays the guitar.
There are many stories warning people to be cautious at farms or jungle when walking alone. The Duende has a special interest in children where he would lure them deeper in the woods and the only way to escape him would be if you hide your thumbs and show only your four fingers. The Duende would think you are like him and would let you go. Other stories say that the Duende would appear mostly during the 'Lenten Season' especially on 'Good Friday.' He is also known for braiding horses' manes and little girls' hair. In addition, the 'Tata Duende' is known to often change into a small animal, or even someone you know.
- "Belizean Folklore and Tales". Belize Adventure - Trusted Local Advice. Retrieved 2016-03-03.
- "Beware of the mythical jungle man called Tata Duende". grisdismation.com. Retrieved 13 May 2014.
- ""El Duende"- San Pedro Folklore , 25 Years Ago, History of San Pedro, Ambergris Caye, Belize". ambergriscaye.com. Retrieved 2016-02-22.
- "Return to the Haunted Forest". syfy.com. Retrieved 13 May 2014.
- "The Legends; Belize Folklore Myths Broken | Placencia Belize Travel Blog". www.larubeya.com. Archived from the original on 2013-10-02. Retrieved 2016-03-03.
- Emmons, Katherine M. October 1997. Perceptions of the Environment while Exploring the Outdoors: a case study in Belize. Environmental Education Research. Ambingdon, Oxfordshire. Carfax Publishing, in conjunction with the University of Bath.
- The Belize Postal Service (1991). Folklore of Belize: Tata Duende