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Bataung is the most senior tribe descending from Mohurutshe which speaks Sotho-Tswana group of languages namely, Setswana, Sepedi, Sesotho and Lozi.
"Tau" is a Sotho-Tswana word meaning "lion", and this animal is their totem. Bataung is a plurality of Lion which means peoples of a place of a Lion.
Sidney Berman, Analysing the Frames of the Bible- The Case of Setswana Translation of the Book of Ruth, Chapter 3, A History and Ethnographic Description of Batswana.
List of supporting thesis: Comaroff, Setiloane, Brown and others.
[[Category:Sotho-Tswana peoples in South Africa, Botswana, Lesotho,Namibia, Zimbabwe, Zambia and Angola. Also see "Barotseland".
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