|Cilica fir in north Lebanon|
Ant. & Kotschy Carriére
Abies cilicica, commonly known as Cilician fir or Taurus fir, is a species of conifer in the Pinaceae family. It is found in Lebanon, Syria, and Turkey. Abies cilicica and Cedrus libani, together with Acer hyrcanum subsp. Tauricolum and Sorbus torminalis subsp. Orientalis, are the predominant trees in the Abeti-Cedrion forests of the Middle and Eastern Taurus Mountains of Turkey. These forests occur between 800 and 2100 meters elevation. Over 5000 years of logging, burning, and grazing have reduced these forests to enclaves.
In 2009 at Berenice Troglodytica, the Egypto-Roman port on the Red Sea, archaeologists found: "two blocks of resin from the Syrian fir tree (Abies cilicica), one weighing about 190 g and the other about 339 g, recovered from 1st-century AD contexts in one of the harbor trenches. Produced in areas of greater Syria and Asia Minor, this resin and its oil derivative were used in mummification, as an antiseptic, a diuretic, to treat wrinkles, extract worms and promote hair growth."
- Gardner, M. & Knees, S. (2013). "Abies cilicica". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2013: e.T42275A2968944. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2013-1.RLTS.T42275A2968944.en. Retrieved 10 January 2018.
- "BSBI List 2007". Botanical Society of Britain and Ireland. Archived from the original (xls) on 2015-01-25. Retrieved 2014-10-17.
- Alizoti, P.G.; Fady, B.; Prada, M.A.; Vendramin, G.G. "Mediterranean firs - Abies spp." (PDF). EUFORGEN Technical guidelines for conservation and use.
- Boydak, M. "Reforestation of Lebanon cedar (Cedrus libani A. Rich.) in bare karstic lands by broadcast seeding in Turkey." In : Leone V. (ed.), Lovreglio R. (ed.). Proceedings of the international workshop MEDPINE 3: conservation, regeneration and restoration of Mediterranean pines and their ecosystems. Bari : CIHEAM, 2007. p. 33-42 (Options Méditerranéennes : Série A. Séminaires Méditerranéens; n. 75)
- Conifers Around the World: Abies cilicica - Cilician Fir.
- Abies cilicica. Distribution map, genetic conservation units and related resources. European Forest Genetic Resources Programme (EUFORGEN)
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