Tavo Burat

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Tavo Burat
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Born
Gustavo Buratti Zanchi

(1932-05-22)22 May 1932
Stezzano, Lombardy, Italy
Died8 December 2009(2009-12-08) (aged 77)
OccupationJournalist, writer, ecologist, historian
Known forLa Slòira,[1] Centro Studi Fra Dolcino[2]

Tavo Burat (born Gustavo Buratti Zanchi, 22 May 1932 – 8 December 2009) was an Italian Waldensian writer and journalist. Burat spent much of his life defending the Piedmontese language island. Beginning in 1964, Burat was the secretary of an international association that defends languages and cultures threatened with extinction. He specifically focused on defending[3] Piedmontese and Franco-Provençal.

Biography[edit]

Born in Stezzano in 1932,[4] Burat graduated in law with a dissertation titled Right in Graubünden. He taught French at a middle school from 1968 to 1994.

1974 Frà Dolcino memorial stone on Monte Rubello

He was the founder and first director[5] of La slòira (in English literally The plough), one of the few magazines written in Piedmontese and widespread all around the region,[6] and was as well an editor of the mountaineering review ALP from 1974 to 2009. He wrote several history essays, notably about brigandage in NW Italy[7] and the heresy lead by Fra Dolcino.[8] His research about Dolcino involved him not only at a scientific level but also ideally, and Burat considered himself as a neo-dolcinian.[9] In 1974 on the summit of Monte Rubello (1,414 m), where in 1907 left wing workers of Biella and the Sesia Valley erected a monument on the place of Fra Dolcino last resistance,[10] he laid a new stone memorial. The first monument was symbolically gunned down in 1927 by the Fascists. The 1974 opening ceremony was attended by some thousands people and guided by the Italian Nobel prize Dario Fo.[11]

Tavo Burat also pursued an active political career, at first in the Italian Socialist Party and later in the Verdi, focusing particularly on ecological issues. The Biella section of the voluntary association Legambiente is named Tavo Burat[12] in order to celebrate his environmentalist alligance.

He died in 2009.[13][14][15]

Political and cultural career[edit]

  • City council member in Biella from 1956 to 1994
  • Regional manager for PSI from 1975 to 1984
  • Assessor to Comunità montana Bassa Valle Elvo from 1970 to 1993
  • Representative for the Greens for the revision of the Statute of the Region Piemonte
  • National Councillor for the Greens from 2000 to 2009
  • Coordinator of Centro studi dolciniani from 1974 to 2009
  • Founder of the Consiglio federativo della Resistenza di Biella.

Works[edit]

In Italian[edit]

  • 1957: Diritto pubblico nel Cantone dei Grigioni (Milano-Varese, ed. Cisalpino-Goliardica, 1957).
  • 1974: La situazione giuridica delle minoranze linguistiche in Italia, dins I diritti delle minoranze etnico-linguistiche (Milano, ed. Cisalpino-Goliardica, 1974).
  • 1976: In difesa degli altri, dins U. Bernardi, Le mille culture, Comunità locali e partecipazione politica (Roma, ed. Coines, 1976).
  • 1981: Decolonizzare le Alpi, dins Prospettive dell'arco alpino (Milano, ed. Jaca Book, 1981).
  • 1989: Carlo Antonio Gastaldi. Un operaio biellese brigante dei Borboni (Milano, ed. Jaka Book, 1989).
  • 1997: Federalismo e autonomie. Comunità e bioregioni (Torino, ed. Regione Piemonte, 1997).
  • 2000: Fra Dolcino e gli Apostolici tra eresia, rivolta e roghi (Roma, ed. DeriveApprodi, 2000).
  • 2002: L'anarchia cristiana di Fra Dolcino e Margherita (Biella, ed. Leone & Griffa, 2002)
  • 2004: Eretici dimenticati. Dal Medioevo alla modernità (Roma, ed. DeriveApprodi, 2004)
  • 2006: Banditi e ribelli dimenticati. Storie di irriducibili al futuro che viene (Milano, ed. Lampi di Stampa, 2006)

In Piedmontese[edit]

  • 1979: Finagi (Ca dë studi piemontèis, 1979)
  • 2005: Lassomse nen tajé la lenga (ALP, 2005)
  • 2008: Poesìe (Ca dë studi piemontèis, 2008)

References[edit]

  1. ^ La Sloira – Associassion per la tua e la difusion dla Lenga e la Literatura Piemonteisa – Onlus
  2. ^ Centro Studi Fra Dolcino
  3. ^ A cosa "servono" le lingue locali? Parole profonde di Tavo Burat
  4. ^ The Other Italy: The Literary Canon in Dialect page 87; Hermann W. Haller, University of Toronto Press, year 1999, see Google books
  5. ^ Catalogo dei periodici italiani, Roberto Maini, ed. Bibliografica, year 1997, Google books
  6. ^ La Slòira, arvista piemontèis, www.atenedelcanavese.it
  7. ^ Philipp R. Rössner (2016). Economic Growth and the Origins of Modern Political Economy: Economic Reasons of State, 1500–2000. Routledge. p. 287. Retrieved 7 January 2017.
  8. ^ Jerry B Pierce (2012). "Acknowlwdgments". Poverty, Heresy, and the Apocalypse: The Order of Apostles and Social Change in Medieval Italy 1260–1307. A&C Black. Retrieved 7 January 2017.
  9. ^ Adriano Sofri (2013). Machiavelli, Tupac e la Principessa (in Italian). Sellerio Editore. Retrieved 7 January 2017.
  10. ^ Nino Belli and Giuseppe Ubertini (1907). Fra Dolcino. Nel VI centenario del martirio. Biella: Tipografia soc. Magliola.
  11. ^ Morino, Luca (29 September 2016). "Fra' Dolcino un eretico sulle Alpi Biellesi". La Stampa (in Italian). Retrieved 10 January 2017.
  12. ^ "International volunteering service – Programme 2015" (PDF). Legambiente. Retrieved 10 January 2017.
  13. ^ È morto Tavo Burat
  14. ^ È morto Tavo Burat. Che la terra ti sia lieve Gustavo.
  15. ^ Albina Malerba. "Tavo Burat". gioventurapiemonteisa.net. Retrieved 18 January 2016.

External links[edit]