Tawny-bellied hermit

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Tawny-bellied hermit
Tawny-bellied Hermit (Phaethornis syrmatophorus).jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Apodiformes
Family: Trochilidae
Genus: Phaethornis
Species:
P. syrmatophorus
Binomial name
Phaethornis syrmatophorus
(Gould, 1851)
Phaethornis syrmatophorus map.svg

The tawny-bellied hermit (Phaethornis syrmatophorus) is a species of hummingbird. It is found in the mountains of Colombia, Ecuador, and Peru usually in humid forest understory and undergrowth.[2][3] This is where it spends its time foraging for arthropods and nectar via traplining like the diet of most if not all hummingbirds.[2][3] It thrives in elevations above 1000m, where at lower levels it is gradually replaced by the White-Whiskered Hermit.[4]

When searching for a mate, males will form leks all together making 'squeaky tseep' sounds.[2] Males can be differentiated from females by their bright orange underside, with females being more pale.[2]

Although currently marked as least concern, gradual logging may pose a large threat to the species further down the line.[3]

Subspecies[3][edit]

  • P. s. syrmatophorus Gould, 1852 – Western Tawny-bellied Hermit – W Andes of Colombia (including Cauca/Patía Valley) locally to SW Ecuador (S to W Loja).
  • P. s. columbianus Boucard, 1891 – Eastern Tawny-bellied Hermit – C & E Andes of Colombia (including S Magdalena Valley) S on E slope in Ecuador to N Peru (San Martín).

References[edit]

  1. ^ BirdLife International (2012). "Phaethornis syrmatophorus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2012. Retrieved 26 November 2013.
  2. ^ a b c d "Tawny-bellied Hermit - Introduction | Neotropical Birds Online". neotropical.birds.cornell.edu. Retrieved 2019-05-29.
  3. ^ a b c d "Tawny-bellied Hermit (Phaethornis syrmatophorus)". www.hbw.com. Retrieved 2019-05-29.
  4. ^ Morse, Douglass H. (1975). "Year-Round Attendance of White-Whiskered and Little Hermits, Phaethornis Spp. at Singing Assemblies in Colombia". Ibis. 117 (3): 382–384. doi:10.1111/j.1474-919X.1975.tb04227.x. ISSN 1474-919X.