Telecommunications (Interception and Access) Act 1979
|Telecommunications (Interception and Access) Act 1979|
|Parliament of Australia|
|An Act to prohibit the interception of, and other access to, telecommunications except where authorised in special circumstances or for the purpose of tracing the location of callers in emergencies, and for related purposes|
|Date of royal assent||25 October 1979|
The Telecommunications (Interception and Access) Act 1979 (formerly Telecommunications (Interception) Act 1979, commonly referred as the TIA Act) is an Act of the Parliament of Australia which prohibits the unauthorised interception of communications or access to stored communications, with certain exceptions. The Act was amended by the Telecommunications (Interception and Access) Amendment (Data Retention) Act 2015.
Access to telecommunications data under the Act
Under the 1979 Act, the Australian Security and Intelligence Organization (ASIO) and ‘enforcement agencies’ can access telecommunications data by issuing an internal, or intra-organization, authorization.
During the 2012- 2013 inquiry into Australia’s national security legislation conducted by the Parliamentary Joint Committee on Intelligence and Security (PJCIS), the Attorney General’s Department issued a document detailing what it considered to be telecommunications data. This included "information that allowed a communication to occur", such as the date, time and duration of the communication, the devices involved in the communication and the location of those devices such as mobile phone tower and "information about the parties to the communication", such as their names and addresses.
Section 5 of the Act defines an enforcement agency to include the Australian Federal Police (AFP), the police force of a State or Territory, the Australian Customs and Border Protection Service, crime commissions, anti-corruption bodies and the CrimTrac Agency. The definition also includes an allowance enabling organizations whose remit either involves the administration of law involving a financial penalty or the administration of a law to protect taxation revenue to access telecommunications data.
The head of an enforcement agency, the deputy head of an agency or a management level officer or employee of an agency, given permission in writing by the head of the agency, have the power to authorize access to telecommunications data. For ASIO, authorizations for access to telecommunications data can only be made when individual making that authorization is "satisfied that the disclosure would be in connection with the performance by the Organization of its functions. ASIO must also comply with guidelines issued under Section 8A of the Australian Security Intelligence Organisation Act 1979. These guidelines demand that the initiation and continuation of investigations shall only be authorized by the Director General, or an officer at or above Executive Level 2 authorised by the Director-General for that purpose; and that any means used for obtaining information must be proportionate to the gravity of the threat posed and the probability of its occurrence.
In 2012-13, more than 80 Commonwealth, State and Territory enforcement agencies accessed telecommunications data under the 1979 Act. In that same time period, more than 330,640 authorizations were dispensed allowing access to data. These authorizations resulted in 546,500 disclosures.
2013-2014 comprehensive revision
On 12 December 2013, the Senate Legal and Constitutional Affairs References Committee began a Comprehensive revision of the Telecommunications (Interception and Access) Act 1979 (the Act), with regard to the recommendations of the Australian Law Reform Commission For Your Information: Australian Privacy Law and Practice report, dated May 2008, particularly recommendation 71.2; and recommendations relating to the Act from the Parliamentary Joint Committee on Intelligence and Security Inquiry into the potential reforms of Australia’s National Security Legislation report, dated May 2013.
Their report was supposed to be tabled 10 June 2014, but on 14 May 2014, the Senate granted an extension of time for reporting until 27 August 2014.
Annual reports are issued on the use of the act by the Australian Government Attorney General's Department.
- Australian law
- Australian Law Reform Commission
- Surveillance Devices Act 2004
- Telecommunications Act 1997
- Privacy Act 1988
- Mass surveillance in Australia
- Telecommunications (Interception and Access) Amendment (Data Retention) Act 2015
- "Telecommunications (Interception and Access) Act 1979". Commonwealth of Australia. Retrieved 31 December 2014.
- "Telecommunications (Interception) Act 1979". Commonwealth of Australia. Retrieved 31 December 2014.
- "Telecommunications interception and surveillance". Commonwealth of Australia (Attorney-General's Department). Retrieved 31 December 2014.
- Legal and Constitutional Affairs References Committee (March 2015). "Comprehensive revision of the Telecommunications (Interception and Access) Act 1979". Parliament of Australia. Retrieved 2015-05-10.
- Appendix G Parliamentary Joint Committee on Intelligence and Security (PJCIS) (May 2013). "Report of the Inquiry into Potential Reform of Australia's National Security Legislation". Parliament of Australia. Retrieved 2015-05-01.
- Parliamentary Joint Committee on Intelligence and Security (2015-02-27). "Advisory report on the Telecommunications (Interception and Access) Amendment (Data Retention) Bill 2014". Parliament of Australia. Retrieved 2015-05-16.
- "Comprehensive revision of Telecommunications (Interception and Access) Act 1979".