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Template:Infobox song

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"Infobox song"
Song
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"The Single"
Nocover.svg
Single picture sleeve
Single by The Artist
B-side "Other Side"
Released April 1, 2016 (2016-04-01)
Format CD single
Recorded January 1–10, 2016
Studio Record Plant, New York City
Genre Contemporary R&B
Length 3:01
Label Columbia
Songwriter(s) The Artist
Producer(s) The Producer
The Artist singles chronology
"Last Single"
(2015)
"The Single"
(2016)
"Next Single"
(2017)
"The Song"
Nocover.svg
Sheet music cover
Song by The Artist
from the album That Album
Released April 1, 2016 (2016-04-01)
Format CD
Recorded January 1–10, 2016
Venue Madison Square Garden
Genre Contemporary R&B
Length 3:01
Label Columbia
Composer(s) Another Artist
Lyricist(s) The Artist
Producer(s) The Producer

WP articles about songs often include an infobox, which provides an overview or summary of the song. Generally, Infobox song is oriented more towards recorded music which has been commercially released. Other infoboxes, such as {{Infobox musical composition}} and {{Infobox anthem}} may be better suited to traditional or historical songs. The examples to the right are the infobox filled in with the most commonly used parameters.

An infobox provides key facts as discussed in the article – it should not be too detailed or take up too much of the article space. It should only contain items, such as genres or songwriters, that are discussed in the article (or have citations to reliable sources).

The code below can be copied and completed with information pertaining to particular song articles. The Parameters section provides guidance on using the fields.

Code

Most articles will not need many of the following fields; if the information is not included in the article to support it, leave it blank. Please note that adding fields other than those below, such as |arranger= or |recording engineer=, will not be displayed.

If this template is substituted, it will return a cleaned-up copy of itself with unnecessary parameters removed and deprecated parameters replaced. Parameter indentation will also automatically be fixed.

{{subst:Infobox song
| name          = 
| cover         = <!--just the file name-->
| cover_size    = 
| alt           = 
| border        = 
| caption       = 
| type          = 
| artist        = 
| album         = 
| EP            = 
| language      = <!--only if not in English-->
| English_title = 
| A-side        = 
| B-side        = 
| written       = 
| published     = 
| released      = <!--{{start date|YYYY|MM|DD}}-->
| format        = 
| recorded      = 
| studio        = 
| venue         = 
| genre         = 
| length        = 
| label         = 
| writer        = <!--for both music and lyrics-->
| composer      = 
| lyricist      = 
| producer      =
| chronology    = 
| prev_title    = <!--for a singles chronology-->
| prev_year     = 
| next_title    = 
| next_year     = 
| tracks        = <!--see "Track listing examples" section for album track listing options-->
| misc          = <!--for use of {{Extra chronology}}, {{Extra track listing}}, {{Extra album cover}}, {{Audio sample}}-->
}}

Parameters

name

The title of the song. If not provided, the template uses the {{PAGENAMEBASE}} of the page. Since it is not linked, disambiguation terms, such as "(song)", "(Beyoncé song)", etc., are not needed.

cover

Add an image of a sheet music cover, picture sleeve, or other image appropriate for the song. First, one must be uploaded (see Wikipedia:Uploading images for details). Then, enter the file name (without File:) into the field, such as [Image Name].jpg. This will automatically produce the caption "[Article name] cover" beneath the image if the |caption= field is not used.

alt

Use this field to provide alternative text or a description of the cover image for visually impaired readers. See WP:ALT.

caption

If something other than the automatically generated "[Article name] cover" is desired, add the description here.

type

Specify "single", "song", "instrumental", "composition", promotional single, etc. If an album track was later released as a single, use the most notable or best known. For example, "Stairway to Heaven" was released as a promo single in several markets and as a digital single in 2007, but became best known as a song from Led Zeppelin's fourth album. This field is used to generate the header and color; please note that it is not used for genre or format, which are described in the |genre= and |format= fields.

artist

If the article associates the original or primary rendition of the song with one artist, enter the name of the artist and link if they have a WP article. For traditional or historical songs, when the focus is not on a particular rendition, this should be left blank (alternatively, consider using Template:Infobox musical composition).

album

If the song was first released on an album, enter the name of the album and link. The template will italicize the album name and produce "from the album Name" in the header. If the was originally released as a single well in advance of the album, |album= should not be used, since it is not from the album, but later added to one. For example, "Beck's Bolero" and "Back on the Chain Gang" were released as singles about 16 months before they were added to albums and became well-known before the albums.

EP

If the song was first released on an EP or Extended play, add the EP name in this field. The name will be italicized, etc., and should be used as described in the album subsection above. Please note: only album or EP should be used and depends on which one was issued first.

language

If the song is not in English, indicate the language (common languages should not be linked).

English_title

An English translation of the title may be included in this field.

A-side

If the article is about a song that was released as a B-side of a single, enter the name of the A-side and link as appropriate (do not use B-side). Quote marks will be added automatically.[1] For multiple entries, see Notes[2] for details. For double A-sided singles, refer to the Chronology for double-A-side singles section below.

B-side

If the article is about the song that was issued as the A-side of a single, enter the name of the B-side in this field (do not add A-side). Add a link if it has an article; quote marks will be automatically added.[1] For multiple entries, see Notes[2] for details. Generally, later releases or in secondary markets, reissues, etc., should only be included in the body of the article.

written

The year the song was written or composed may be added, if discussed in the article. This is usually used for historical songs, written before the advent of sheet music publishing or music recording.

published

The year the song was published also may be included, if discussed in the article. This usually refers to sheet music published before the rise of music recording.

released

Indicate the commercial release date, whether it is a single, album, or other. Enter the date using {{Start date}}. For example, use {{Start date|YYYY|MM|DD}} for the complete date, {{Start date|YYYY|MM}} if only year and month are known, or {{Start date|YYYY}} for just a year. For multiple entries, see Notes[2] for details. Generally, later releases or in secondary markets, reissues, on compilations, etc., should only be included in the body of the article.

format

Indicate the way that the song was released, for example: LP record, CD, 7-inch single, 12-inch single, CD single, cassette single, digital download (note the piped download link), etc. Generally, later releases or in secondary markets, reissues, on compilations, etc., should only be included in the body of the article. Do not use " or (double quote) for inches, instead use 7-inch rather than 7" (if it is necessary to abbreviate, use 7 in; see WP:Units). Numbers should be expressed in figures rather than spelled out (10-inch instead of ten-inch) and should not be used alone; an additional descriptor, such as 45 rpm, single, record, etc., should follow. For multiple entries, see Notes[3] for details.

recorded

Enter the date(s) the song was recorded. When there are many dates, it is best to summarize, using the month or range of months (e.g., January–March 2015). For multiple entries, see Notes[2] for details. Add the location of the recording in the |studio= or |venue= field.

studio

If the song was recorded in a recording studio, enter the name and location. Link the studio, but not well-known cities, states, or countries (see WP:OVERLINK). Remove "Studios" if it appears in the name – use [[Sound City Studios|Sound City]] rather than [[Sound City Studios]]. For multiple entries, see Notes[3] for details.

venue

For live recordings, include the name of the venue (concert hall, stadium, etc.) and location. Link as appropriate.

genre

The field should include the music genre(s) that best describes the song. It should come from a reliable source and also be stated and referenced in the body of the article; personal opinions or original research must be not be included. For multiple entries, see Notes[3] for details.

length

{{Duration}} is used to enter the length of the song. The timing should be taken from the original album or single release, instead of reissues, downloads, etc. An hAudio microformat is added automatically for the first duration detected. The duration must contain a seconds value, or it will be incorrectly interpreted. For multiple entries, see Notes[2] for details. If there is more than one length specified in the parameter, or the page appears in Category:Duration without hAudio microformat (3,129), use {{Duration}}.

label

The name of the record company that issued the release may be included here. Generally, add later releases, those from different countries, reissues, etc., in the body of article instead of the infobox. Remove "Records" if it appears in the name – use [[Universal Records|Universal]] instead of [[Universal Records]]. For multiple entries, see Notes[3] for details.

songwriter

Use this field if the music and lyrics were written by one person or, in the case of multiple writers, where a separate lyricist and composer have not been clearly identified by a reliable source. Do not use this field if the |composer= and |lyricist= fields are used. For multiple entries, see Notes[3] for details.

composer

The person(s) who composed the song's music, if different than the lyricist. If not differentiated in the article, use the |songwriter= field instead. For instrumentals, use this field only (in WP song articles, "song" (music with words) is not usually used to describe an "instrumental"). For multiple entries, see Notes[3] for details.

lyricist

The person(s) who wrote the lyrics, if different than the song's composer. If not differentiated in the article, use the |songwriter= field instead. For multiple entries, see Notes[3] for details.

producer

Enter the name of the person(s) credited with the record production. This is someone who oversees the recording process and is usually different than the artist or songwriter. For multiple entries, see Notes[3] for details.

chronology

This field and the following |prev_title= and |next_title= display the artist's immediate singles chronology. By leaving it blank, "The Artist singles chronology" is automatically displayed if any of the following fields are used. An alternative header may be displayed before the automatically produced "chronology", for example, The Artist American, The Artist UK singles, etc., produces "The Artist American chronology", "The Artist UK singles chronology", etc. Please note: if this field is used and a track listing is also wanted, it must be added using {{Extra track listing}}.

prev_title

Enter the name of the artist's previous single. Quote marks will be added automatically;[1] link it if there is a WP article. Leave this blank if the artist has no previous single. For double A-sided singles, refer to the Chronology for double-A-side singles section below.

prev_year

Enter only the year the previous single was released. Following the WP date style guidelines, years should not be linked within the chronology section. Leave this field blank if there is no previous single.

next_title

Enter the name of the artist's next single, if applicable. Quote marks will be added automatically;[1] link it if there is a WP article.

next_year

Enter only the year the next single was issued, if applicable.

tracks

Several track listing options are available. See the Track listing examples section below for explanations and codes.

misc

This is not a space for miscellaneous information or comments. It allows for the use of subtemplates, including {{Extra chronology}}, {{Extra track listing}}, {{Extra album cover}}, and {{Audio sample}}. Please refer to the template pages for explanations on their use.

Track listing examples

Not all infoboxes should include album track listings. Articles about traditional or historical songs might not focus on a particular recording, so details about a later rendition, including album releases, are inappropriate for an infobox. Additionally, there may already be an album track listing with links to other songs in a navigation template or navbox at the end of the article. These include an album navbox (for example, {{Thriller (album)}}), an artist song navbox ({{Rihanna songs}}), or an artist navbox that includes songs ({{Robert Johnson}}).

An album track listing may be added to infobox song as long as the following criteria are met: 1) the article does not have a navbox in which the song appears; and 2) a majority of the album's songs are linked to WP articles. Currently, three different approaches to listing album tracks are found in infobox song.

Collapsed full-album track listing

"The Song"
Song by The Artist
from the album That Album
Released April 1, 2016 (2016-04-01)
Recorded January 1–10, 2016
Studio Record Plant, New York City
Genre Contemporary R&B
Length 3:01
Label Columbia
Songwriter(s) The Artist
Producer(s) The Producer
That Album track listing

Two options are available for adding a collapsed full-album track listing. Both use {{Hidden}} and the listing remains collapsed until "show" is clicked. The first option uses the template to create a separate "Album track listing" template, which is then added to the infobox in the |tracks= field ({{Rumours tracks}} is used as an example). This may be more convenient for multi-disc albums or those with many tracks.

The second option places the {{Hidden}} template directly into the infobox in the |tracks= field, then the tracks are listed. This may be copied and added to other songs infoboxes from the same album.

Code
{{Infobox song
...
| tracks        = {{hidden
 | expanded     = 
 | title        = 
 | text         = 
# 
# 
# etc.
}}
expanded

Leave blank for the listing to initially appear collapsed. By adding "yes" (or any text), the listing will initially be displayed.

title

Enter the number of tracks, such as "10 tracks". A header will be generated automatically, for example "That Album track listing".

text

In this field, add the album tracks, using # to generate a sequential numbering. The song titles should be in "quotes", with the article track also in bold. Link any track that has its own WP article, except for when the song is the subject of the article.

For multi-disc CDs, subheadings for "Disc one", "Disc two", etc. may be included. Similarly, subheadings such as "Side one" or "Side A" may be added for LP records and EPs. To ensure that the track numbering continues sequentially after a subheading (rather than starting again at "1"), use <li value="x"> where "x"=the next track number.

Code
{{Infobox song
...
| tracks        = {{hidden
 | expanded     = 
 | title        = 
 | text         = 
;Disc one
# 
# 
# etc.
;Disc two
#<li value=>
# 
# 
# etc.
}}

Displayed full-album track listing

"The Song"
Song by The Artist
from the album That Album
Released April 1, 2016 (2016-04-01)
Recorded January 1–10, 2016
Studio Record Plant, New York City
Genre Contemporary R&B
Length 3:01
Label Columbia
Songwriter(s) The Artist
Producer(s) The Producer
That Album track listing
  1. "Second Hand News"
  2. "Dreams"
  3. "Never Going Back Again"
  4. "Don't Stop"
  5. "The Song"
  6. "Songbird"
  7. "The Chain"
  8. "You Make Loving Fun"
  9. "I Don't Want to Know"
  10. "Oh Daddy"
  11. "Gold Dust Woman"

A displayed full-album track listing may be added by listing the tracks in the |tracks= field in sequence using numbered list notation. The current song should be added using "quotation" marks and bold. Since this song is the subject of the article, it should not be linked. Use "quotation" marks for the other songs and link those which have Wikipedia articles.

Code
{{Infobox song
...
| tracks        =
# 
# 
# 
# 
# 
# 
# 
# 
# 
# 

Partial track listing

"The Song"
Song by The Artist
from the album That Album
Released April 1, 2016 (2016-04-01)
Recorded January 1–10, 2016
Studio Record Plant, New York City
Genre Contemporary R&B
Length 3:01
Label Columbia
Songwriter(s) The Artist
Producer(s) The Producer
That Album track listing
"Don't Stop"
(4)
"The Song"
(5)
"Songbird"
(6)

A partial track listing only provides the previous and next album tracks. Enter the current track number in |track_no= and the current song will be added automatically with "quotation" marks and in bold. Use "quotation" marks for the other songs and link as appropriate and their sequence numbers will be added automatically. Note: |tracks= does have to precede the list.

Code
{{Infobox song
...
| prev_track    = 
| track_no      = 
| next_track    =

Chronology for double-A-side singles

"The Single"
Single by The Artist
from the album That Album
A-side "Other Side" (double A-side)
Released April 1, 2016 (2016-04-01)
Format CD single
Recorded January 1–10, 2016
Studio Record Plant, New York City
Genre Contemporary R&B
Length 3:01
Label Columbia
Songwriter(s) The Artist
Producer(s) The Producer
The Artist double A-side singles chronology
"Last Single" / "Last Other"
(2015)
"The Single" / "Other Side"
(2016)
"Next Single" / "Next Other"
(2017)
Code 
{{Infobox song
...
| A-side        = 
| chronology    = 
| prev_title    = 
| prev_title2   = 
| prev_year     = 
| title2        = 
| next_title    = 
| next_title2   = 
| next_year     = 
}}
A-side

Enter the name of the second- or flip-side of the current or article title.

chronology

Use this field to provide an alternative header to the automatically generated "The Artist singles chronology". Enter The Artist double A-side singles to display "The Artist double A-side singles chronology", etc.

prev_title

Enter the name of the previous single. If it has a WP article, add a link.

prev_title2

If the previous is a double A-side single, enter the name of the previous single second- or flip-side and link as appropriate.

prev_year

Enter only the year the previous single was released.

title2

If it is a double A-side single, enter the name of the second- or flip-side of current or article title. (The current or article title with be automatically generated with quotes and in bold and will appear as the first of the two; the year is also generated from the |released= year date.)

next_title

Enter the name of the next single. If it has a article, add a link.

next_title2

Enter the name of the second-or flip side of next-single, if it is a double-A. Link as appropriate.

next_year

Enter only the year the next single was released.

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d If any details besides the actual song title (country, etc.) are added, quote marks need to be added manually to the song title. Additionally, for |A-side= and |B-side=, quote marks need to be added for each title if there is more than one.
  2. ^ a b c d e For multiple entries, this parameter uses |class=plainlist. Format the items as a normal bulleted list; don't use other list templates or <br/>. For example:
    | released        =
    *First item
    *Send item
    *Third item
    

    will be displayed as a vertical unbulleted list:

    • Released   First item
    •                          Second item
    •                          Third item
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h For short horizontal lists of two or three items, comma separators are acceptable, but for longer lists the use of the |class=hlist is preferred as it offers a benefit to users of screen readers (see Wikipedia:Accessibility for more information on Web Content Accessibility Guidelines). To use |class=hlist, format the items as a normal bulleted list; don't use other list templates or <br/>. For example:
    | format        =
    *Item one
    *Item two
    *Item three
    

    will be displayed as a horizontal list separated by middots:

    • Format   Item one
    • Item two
    • Item three

TemplateData

This is the TemplateData documentation for this template used by VisualEditor and other tools.

See the monthly error report for this template.

TemplateData for Infobox song

An infobox for songs

Template parameters

Parameter Description Type Status
Name nameNametitle

The name or title of the song.

Default
(PAGENAME)
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String required
Cover coverCoverimage

An appropriate image, such as a sheet music or single picture sleeve cover.

Default
empty
Example
A file name, without the File: <NAME.jpg>
Auto value
empty
String optional
Cover_size cover_sizeCover sizecover size

no description

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Alt altAlt

Alternative text for the cover image, to describe it to visually impaired readers.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Border borderBorder

Set to yes to put a 1 pixel border around the image.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Caption captionCaption

Caption for the image; this will overwrite automatically generated <"Song" cover> when a file is added to the "caption" field

Default
empty
Example
Sheet music cover, 1920.
Auto value
empty
String optional
Type typeType

Specify "song", "single", "Instrumental", "Composition", etc. This generates the header and color.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String suggested
Artist artistArtistoriginal_artist

The name of the artist.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String suggested
Album albumAlbumfrom_albumfrom Album

The name of the album on which the song originally appeared.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
EP EP

The name of the EP on which the song originally appeared. Only use album or EP; both will not be displayed.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Language languageLanguage

Only if the song is not in English, indicate the language.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
English title English_titleenglish_title

The English translation of the name of the song, if it is in another language.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
A-side A-sidea-side

For singles: the name of A-side of the current or title single.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
B-side B-sideb-side

For singles: the name of the B-side of the current or title single. Only one of the fields 'A-side' or 'B-side' should be used.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Written writtenWritten

The date the song was written; this is usually used for songs created before music publishing or recording

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Published publishedPublished

The date the song was published; this is usually used for songs created before the rise of music recording

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Released releasedReleased

For recorded music: The earliest known date of commercial release, using a single occurrence, using {{Start date}}. For April 1, 2015, enter {{Start date|2015|04|01}}.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Format formatFormat

For recorded music: the way that the song was released, e.g., 7-inch single, LP record, EP, CD, cassette, digital download (note the piped download link), etc.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Recorded recordedRecorded

The date(s) the song was recorded.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Studio studioStudio

If the song was recorded in a recording studio, enter the name and location.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Venue venueVenue

For live recordings, include the name of the venue (concert hall, stadium, etc.) and location.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Genre genreGenre

The genre(s) that best describes the song. This must not be original research, and should be stated and referenced in the article.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String suggested
Length lengthLength

The length of the song, using {{Duration}}. To display 3 minutes 45 seconds as 3:45, enter {{Duration|m=3|s=45}}.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Number optional
Label labelLabel

The record company label which originally released the recording. Releases in other territories, different formats, reissues, etc., should be included in the body of the article, not in this field.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Songwriter/Writer writerWritersongwriterSongwriter

The name of the person(s) credited with writing both the music and lyrics for the song. Where a separate lyricist and composer have been clearly identified by a reliable source, use the "composer" and "lyricist" fields instead.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String suggested
Composer composerComposer

The name of the person(s) who composed the song's music, if different than the lyricist. If not differentiated in the article, use the "songwriter/writer" field instead.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Lyricist lyricistLyricist

The person(s) who wrote the lyrics, if different than the song's composer. If not differentiated in the article, use the "songwiter/writer" field instead.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Producer producerProducer

The person(s) who is credited with the record production.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Chronology chronologyChronology

For singles: Header for the chronology section.

Default
(Artist name) singles chronology
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Prev_title prev_title

The name of the previous single in the artist's chronolgy.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Prev_title2 prev_title2

The name of the previous single in the artist's chronolgy.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Prev_year prev_year

The year of the previous single in the artist's chronology.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Number optional
Title title

The name of the current or subject single.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Title2 title2

For a double A-side single: the name of the second or flip-side of the current single in the artist's chronology.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Next_title next_title

The name of the next single in the artist's chronology.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Next_title2 next_title2

For a double A-side single: the name of the second- or flip-side of the next single.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Next_year next_year

The year of the next single in the artist's chronology.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Number optional
Tracks tracksTracks

To add a full-album track listing.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Prev_track prev_track

For a partial-album track listing: the name of the previous track on the artist's album or EP.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Track_no track_no

For a partial-track listing: the number of the current or subject track.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Number optional
Next_track next_track

For a partial-track listing: the name of the next track on the artist's album or EP.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Misc miscMisc

To add extra subtemplates, such as {{Extra chronology}}, {{Extra track listing}}, {{Extra album cover}}, {{Audio sample}}, etc.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
ISWC ISWC

no description

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String deprecated
Comment commentComment

no description

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String deprecated
Prev prev

no description

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String deprecated
Prev_no prev_no

no description

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Number deprecated
Next next

no description

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String deprecated
Next_no next_no

no description

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Number deprecated

Tracking categories

See also