Template:Infobox titanium/testcases

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Titanium,  22Ti
Titan-crystal bar.JPG
General properties
Pronunciation /tɪˈtniəm, t-/[1] (tə-TAY-nee-əm, ty-)
Appearance silvery grey-white metallic
Standard atomic weight (Ar, standard) 47.867(1)[2]
Titanium in the periodic table
Hydrogen Helium
Lithium Beryllium Boron Carbon Nitrogen Oxygen Fluorine Neon
Sodium Magnesium Aluminium Silicon Phosphorus Sulfur Chlorine Argon
Potassium Calcium Scandium Titanium Vanadium Chromium Manganese Iron Cobalt Nickel Copper Zinc Gallium Germanium Arsenic Selenium Bromine Krypton
Rubidium Strontium Yttrium Zirconium Niobium Molybdenum Technetium Ruthenium Rhodium Palladium Silver Cadmium Indium Tin Antimony Tellurium Iodine Xenon
Caesium Barium Lanthanum Cerium Praseodymium Neodymium Promethium Samarium Europium Gadolinium Terbium Dysprosium Holmium Erbium Thulium Ytterbium Lutetium Hafnium Tantalum Tungsten Rhenium Osmium Iridium Platinum Gold Mercury (element) Thallium Lead Bismuth Polonium Astatine Radon
Francium Radium Actinium Thorium Protactinium Uranium Neptunium Plutonium Americium Curium Berkelium Californium Einsteinium Fermium Mendelevium Nobelium Lawrencium Rutherfordium Dubnium Seaborgium Bohrium Hassium Meitnerium Darmstadtium Roentgenium Copernicium Nihonium Flerovium Moscovium Livermorium Tennessine Oganesson


Ti

Zr
scandiumtitaniumvanadium
Atomic number (Z) 22
Group group 4
Period period 4
Element category   transition metal
Block d-block
Electron configuration [Ar] 3d2 4s2
Electrons per shell
2, 8, 10, 2
Physical properties
Phase at STP solid
Melting point 1941 K ​(1668 °C, ​3034 °F)
Boiling point 3560 K ​(3287 °C, ​5949 °F)
Density (near r.t.) 4.506 g/cm3
when liquid (at m.p.) 4.11 g/cm3
Heat of fusion 14.15 kJ/mol
Heat of vaporization 425 kJ/mol
Molar heat capacity 25.060 J/(mol·K)
Vapor pressure
P (Pa) 1 10 100 1 k 10 k 100 k
at T (K) 1982 2171 (2403) 2692 3064 3558
Atomic properties
Oxidation states 4, 3, 2, 1, −1, −2[3] ​(an amphoteric oxide)
Electronegativity Pauling scale: 1.54
Ionization energies
  • 1st: 658.8 kJ/mol
  • 2nd: 1309.8 kJ/mol
  • 3rd: 2652.5 kJ/mol
  • (more)
Atomic radius empirical: 147 pm
Covalent radius 160±8 pm
Color lines in a spectral range
Miscellanea
Crystal structure hexagonal close-packed (hcp)
Hexagonal close packed crystal structure for titanium
Speed of sound thin rod 5090 m/s (at r.t.)
Thermal expansion 8.6 µm/(m·K) (at 25 °C)
Thermal conductivity 21.9 W/(m·K)
Electrical resistivity 420 nΩ·m (at 20 °C)
Magnetic ordering paramagnetic
Magnetic susceptibility +153.0·10−6 cm3/mol (293 K)[4]
Young's modulus 116 GPa
Shear modulus 44 GPa
Bulk modulus 110 GPa
Poisson ratio 0.32
Mohs hardness 6.0
Vickers hardness 830–3420 MPa
Brinell hardness 716–2770 MPa
CAS Number 7440-32-6
History
Discovery William Gregor (1791)
First isolation Jöns Jakob Berzelius (1825)
Named by Martin Heinrich Klaproth (1795)
Main isotopes of titanium
Iso­tope Abun­dance Half-life (t1/2) Decay mode Pro­duct
44Ti syn 63 y ε 44Sc
γ
46Ti 8.25% stable
47Ti 7.44% stable
48Ti 73.72% stable
49Ti 5.41% stable
50Ti 5.18% stable
| references | in Wikidata
Titanium,  22Ti
Titan-crystal bar.JPG
General properties
Pronunciation /tɪˈtniəm, t-/[5] (tə-TAY-nee-əm, ty-)
Appearance silvery grey-white metallic
Standard atomic weight (Ar, standard) 47.867(1)[2]
Titanium in the periodic table
Hydrogen Helium
Lithium Beryllium Boron Carbon Nitrogen Oxygen Fluorine Neon
Sodium Magnesium Aluminium Silicon Phosphorus Sulfur Chlorine Argon
Potassium Calcium Scandium Titanium Vanadium Chromium Manganese Iron Cobalt Nickel Copper Zinc Gallium Germanium Arsenic Selenium Bromine Krypton
Rubidium Strontium Yttrium Zirconium Niobium Molybdenum Technetium Ruthenium Rhodium Palladium Silver Cadmium Indium Tin Antimony Tellurium Iodine Xenon
Caesium Barium Lanthanum Cerium Praseodymium Neodymium Promethium Samarium Europium Gadolinium Terbium Dysprosium Holmium Erbium Thulium Ytterbium Lutetium Hafnium Tantalum Tungsten Rhenium Osmium Iridium Platinum Gold Mercury (element) Thallium Lead Bismuth Polonium Astatine Radon
Francium Radium Actinium Thorium Protactinium Uranium Neptunium Plutonium Americium Curium Berkelium Californium Einsteinium Fermium Mendelevium Nobelium Lawrencium Rutherfordium Dubnium Seaborgium Bohrium Hassium Meitnerium Darmstadtium Roentgenium Copernicium Nihonium Flerovium Moscovium Livermorium Tennessine Oganesson
-

Ti

Zr
scandiumtitaniumvanadium
Atomic number (Z) 22
Group group 4
Period period 4
Element category   transition metal
Block d-block
Electron configuration [Ar] 3d2 4s2
Electrons per shell
2, 8, 10, 2
Physical properties
Phase at STP solid
Melting point 1941 K ​(1668 °C, ​3034 °F)
Boiling point 3560 K ​(3287 °C, ​5949 °F)
Density (near r.t.) 4.506 g/cm3
when liquid (at m.p.) 4.11 g/cm3
Heat of fusion 14.15 kJ/mol
Heat of vaporization 425 kJ/mol
Molar heat capacity 25.060 J/(mol·K)
Vapor pressure
P (Pa) 1 10 100 1 k 10 k 100 k
at T (K) 1982 2171 (2403) 2692 3064 3558
Atomic properties
Oxidation states 4, 3, 2, 1[6] ​(an amphoteric oxide)
Electronegativity Pauling scale: 1.54
Ionization energies
  • 1st: 658.8 kJ/mol
  • 2nd: 1309.8 kJ/mol
  • 3rd: 2652.5 kJ/mol
  • (more)
Atomic radius empirical: 147 pm
Covalent radius 160±8 pm
Color lines in a spectral range
Miscellanea
Crystal structure hexagonal close-packed (hcp)
Hexagonal close packed crystal structure for titanium
Speed of sound thin rod 5,090 m/s (at r.t.)
Thermal expansion 8.6 µm/(m·K) (at 25 °C)
Thermal conductivity 21.9 W/(m·K)
Electrical resistivity 420 nΩ·m (at 20 °C)
Magnetic ordering paramagnetic
Young's modulus 116 GPa
Shear modulus 44 GPa
Bulk modulus 110 GPa
Poisson ratio 0.32
Mohs hardness 6.0
Vickers hardness 970 MPa
Brinell hardness 716 MPa
CAS Number 7440-32-6
History
Discovery William Gregor (1791)
First isolation Jöns Jakob Berzelius (1825)
Named by Martin Heinrich Klaproth (1795)
Main isotopes of titanium
Iso­tope Abun­dance Half-life (t1/2) Decay mode Pro­duct
44Ti syn 63 y ε 44Sc
γ -
46Ti 8.0% stable
47Ti 7.3% stable
48Ti 73.8% stable
49Ti 5.5% stable
50Ti 5.4% stable
| references | in Wikidata

References

  1. ^ "titanium - definition of titanium in English | Oxford Dictionaries". Oxford University Press. 2017. Retrieved 2017-03-28. 
  2. ^ a b Meija, J.; et al. (2016). "Atomic weights of the elements 2013 (IUPAC Technical Report)". Pure and Applied Chemistry. 88 (3): 265–91. doi:10.1515/pac-2015-0305. 
  3. ^ Andersson, N.; et al. (2003). "Emission spectra of TiH and TiD near 938 nm" (PDF). J. Chem. Phys. 118: 10543. Bibcode:2003JChPh.118.3543A. doi:10.1063/1.1539848. 
  4. ^ Weast, Robert (1984). CRC, Handbook of Chemistry and Physics. Boca Raton, Florida: Chemical Rubber Company Publishing. pp. E110. ISBN 0-8493-0464-4. 
  5. ^ "titanium - definition of titanium in English | Oxford Dictionaries". Oxford University Press. 2017. Retrieved 2017-03-28. 
  6. ^ Andersson, N.; et al. (2003). "Emission spectra of TiH and TiD near 938 nm" (PDF). J. Chem. Phys. 118: 10543. Bibcode:2003JChPh.118.3543A. doi:10.1063/1.1539848.