Tex G. Hall

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Tex G. Hall (“Ihbudah Hishi” “Red Tipped Arrow”), (born 18 September 1956) is a Native American who was tribal chairman of Three Affiliated Tribes from 1998 to 2006. He lost the 2006 election to Marcus Levings, but in the 2010 tribal election, Hall defeated Levings.[1] He ran for the position of President of the National Congress of American Indians in 2001 and won his campaign at the annual convention in Spokane, Washington over Chairman Brian Wallance of the Washoe Tribe of Nevada.[2][3] Tex was reelected in 2003 at the annual convention in Albuquerque, New Mexico over Ernie Stensgar, Chairman of the Coeur d'Alene Tribe of Idaho.

Tex Hall grew up on his family’s ranch in Mandaree, North Dakota where he still ranches cattle. He has served as Chairman of the Inter Tribal Economic Alliance.[4]

Hall earned his master's degree in Education from the University of Mary in North Dakota. In 1995 Hall was named North Dakota Indian Educator of the Year. Hall has been inducted into the North Dakota Amateur Basketball Hall of Fame, the National Indian Athletic Association Hall of Fame, and the Minot State University Bottineau Athletic Hall of Fame.

As of 2012, Hall is active in the oil boom on his reservation.[5] As of 2010, he was "President of the Fort Berthold Allottee Land & Mineral Owners' Association, owner of Maheshu Energy, LLC, Red Tipped Arrow, LLC, Red Arrow Homes & Development, LLC and Tex Hall Ranch."[6] In March 2012 he testified in Congress in opposition to proposed regulations about fracking.[7]

As Tribal Chairman, he has travelled frequently to Denver, CO, to meet with EPA officials for approval of a refinery for oil extracted from the Bakken formation.[8][9] Plans for refinery construction on the Fort Berthold Reservation received Department of the Interior approval in October 2012.[10] Hall has had an ongoing interest in energy issues. A 2004 interview with Hall on the US Department of Energy "Wind Powering America" page gives extensive description of the wind power resources on tribal lands.[11]


  1. ^ Watkins, Joe Edward. Sacred Sites and Repatriation. Chelsea House, 2006. 108.
  2. ^ Byrne, Dara N. The Unfinished Agenda of the Selma-Montgomery Voting Rights March. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley & Sons, 2005. 109.
  3. ^ Smallew, Mathew U. Native Americans: Children, AIDS, and Bibliography. Novinka, 2007. 151.
  4. ^ Hall, Tex (July 14, 2009). "McCaskill Hearing an Opportunity to Educate on American History". Roll Call. Retrieved December 5, 2012. 
  5. ^ "Badlands Crude". Bloomberg Businessweek Companies & Industries. November 8, 2012. Retrieved December 5, 2012. 
  6. ^ "Tex Hall to run again for tribal chairman". Minot Daily News. July 29, 2010. 
  7. ^ Ogden, Eloise. "Tex Hall: Proposed fracking regs will hurt energy development on reservations". Minot Daily News. Retrieved December 6, 2012. 
  8. ^ "Tex Hall: MHA Nation 'Going Gangbusters in the Bakken' to Process Oil". Indian Country Today Media Network. August 16, 2011. Retrieved December 5, 2012. 
  9. ^ "Tribal refinery plan draws national attention". Minnesota Public Radio. August 23, 2006. Retrieved December 5, 2012. 
  10. ^ "Refinery planned for Fort Berthold Reservation". Oil Patch Dispatch. Oct 10, 2012. Retrieved December 5, 2012. 
  11. ^ "Native American Interview: Tex Hall, National Congress of American Indians". Wind Powering America. US Department of Energy. March 1, 2004. Retrieved December 5, 2012. 

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