Museum of Danish America

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Coordinates: 41°35′36″N 95°4′8″W / 41.59333°N 95.06889°W / 41.59333; -95.06889

Museum of Danish America
Danish Immigrant Museum Far Away.JPG
Established 1983
Location Elk Horn, Iowa
Type History Museum
Website Official website

The Museum of Danish America (formerly the Danish Immigrant Museum)[1] is a national museum located in Elk Horn, Iowa. Its mission is to "celebrate Danish roots and American dreams."[2]

History[edit]

In 1979, two professors from Dana College proposed to the Dana College Board of Regents that a museum dedicated to the preservation of Danish immigrant heritage should be created. This proposal was met with approval, and a year later the Danish American Heritage Society (DAHS) was asked to form an exploratory committee. In 1983, the exploratory committee chose to locate the museum in the Danish Villages of Elk Horn and Kimballton, Iowa. The board was officially incorporated in May and in July the Elk Horn Lutheran Church donated 20 acres for the museum site. The museum began accepting donations to its collection and operated out of a building on Elk Horn's main street for several years. The groundbreaking ceremony for the museum's current building occurred in 1988, but the museum building did not open to the public until June 1994.[3]

The museum changed its name from the Danish Immigrant Museum to the Museum of Danish America at its annual meeting on October 11, 2013.[4]

Today, museum's permanent collection consists of over 35,000 artifacts.[5]

Expansion[edit]

On 22 September 2010, the Danish Villages of Elk Horn and Kimballton, Iowa were selected to join the Iowa Great Places Program.[6] Included in the Elk Horn-Kimballton Great Places proposal was the development of the Jens Jensen Prairie Landscape Park on the museum's grounds.[7] Wayne Alwill, a farmer in Manning, Iowa, left the museum $1.3 million when he died in 2008.[8]

The park emulates and celebrates "the philosophy and artistic vision" of Jens Jensen (landscape architect).[9] The park is designed by Jens Jensen's great-great grandson, also named Jens Jensen,[10] and Bill Tishler, a professor emeritus of the University of Wisconsin-Madison and a Jensen scholar. The park incorporates native plants and includes two council rings, a trademark of Jensen landscapes.[9]

In 2013, a pergola exhibit with interpretive panels was installed near the entrance to the park. Later that year, nine pieces of Danish-designed outdoor fitness equipment was added along the recreational trail that winds through the park.[11] A free mobile app is available through the manufacturer, Norwell USA, to help users find the park, demonstrate how to use the equipment, time and track activity, and share via Facebook.

Exhibits[edit]

The main museum building has three levels.

Lower level[edit]

The museum's permanent exhibition, Across Oceans, Across Time, begins on the museum's lower level. The exhibit explores the experience of Danish immigrants and their descendants from 1840 to 1940.

The lower level also contains the museum's visual storage area, where many of the museum's artifacts are stored behind glass walls.

Main level[edit]

The museum's permanent exhibition Across Oceans, Across Time continues on the ground level and covers the years from 1940 to the present day. This level also contains the Danish-American Artist Series exhibit, which showcases a different Danish-American artist every six months. Some recent artists featured in this series include artist Paul Solevad[12] and conceptual artist Anni Holm.[13]

In addition to exhibits, this level of the museum houses the museum's Wall of Honor, the first piano owned by Danish immigrant performer Victor Borge,[14] the museum gift shop and a Lego play area.

Mezzanine level[edit]

The mezzanine level houses the museum's temporary exhibits. Some recent temporary exhibits include Rescue of the Danish Jews, Victor Borge: A Centennial Celebration,[15] and Church Basements and Children's Homes: Danish-American Missions Here and Abroad.[16]

Off-site properties[edit]

Genealogy Center[edit]

In 1996, the museum's research library opened in-house and was initially staffed by volunteers. A librarian was hired in 2002. The following year, the Genealogy Center opened at its current location on Elk Horn's Main Street.[3]

In addition to its collection and resources,[17] the Genealogy Center offers translation and research services, as well as genealogy workshops, for a fee.[18] The library has summer and winter hours, which are listed on the museum's official website.[19]

Jens Dixen House[edit]

Located just north of the museum building is an authentic North Dakota homesteader's cabin once occupied by Danish immigrant Jens Dixen. Jens Dixen settled near Kenmare, North Dakota circa 1901. A schoolteacher and preacher, Jens Dixen offered instruction to boys from the local area out of this house. During spells of bad winter weather, some of his students would sleep in the small space above the main floor room.

The Jens Dixen House was moved to the museum property in 1999 and restored by the Cedar Valley Danes. The house is open to visitors during the museum's regular operating hours.[20]

Bedstemor's House[edit]

Bedstemor's House is a historic house museum located at the intersection of Union and College Street in Elk Horn, Iowa. The two-story Victorian home was built in 1908 by a Danish immigrant named Jens Otto Christiansen. The home was intended to be an engagement gift, but Christiansen's marriage proposal was rejected, and the house was rented out to local families instead. Christiansen sold the house to the Salem Old People's Home in 1933 for one dollar.

From 1946 to 1982, a woman of Danish descent named Meta Mortensen lived in the home. In 1982, Mortensen sold the home to the Elk Horn-Kimballton Arts and Recreational Council. The Council named the house Bedstemor's House, which means Grandmother's House in Danish, and operated it as a house museum for seven years. Bedstemor's House was deeded to The Danish Immigrant Museum in April 1990. The house was added to the National Register of Historic Places on 16 January 1997. Today, the house museum is interpreted circa 1910. Bedstemor's House is open daily during the summer months and open by appointment throughout the rest of the year.

A 3-part documentary video entitled "The Story of Bedstemor's House" is accessible through the museum's official website.[20]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Museum Changes Name". Retrieved January 16, 2014. 
  2. ^ "About Us". Retrieved July 9, 2011. 
  3. ^ a b Unknown Author (Spring 2008). "The Danish Immigrant Museum Celebrates 25 Years" (PDF). America Letter. Retrieved February 21, 2016. 
  4. ^ "Museum Changes Name". Retrieved November 3, 2013. 
  5. ^ "History of Museum". Retrieved July 9, 2011. 
  6. ^ "DCA Announces Iowa's Newest Great Places". Retrieved May 18, 2011. 
  7. ^ "The Danish Villages-Elk Horn and Kimballton" (PDF). Retrieved November 21, 2012. 
  8. ^ "America's Top Donors". The Chronicle of Philanthrope. Retrieved 24 March 2015. 
  9. ^ a b "Remembering Jens Jensen, A Danish Immigrant and Maker of Parks" (PDF). Retrieved July 9, 2011. 
  10. ^ "Initial Site Survey Completed" (PDF). Retrieved July 9, 2011. 
  11. ^ "Outdoor Fitness Equipment Installed for Public Use". Retrieved January 16, 2014. 
  12. ^ "Danish American Artist Series Presents Paul Solevad" (PDF). Retrieved July 9, 2011. 
  13. ^ "Danish-American Artist Series Presents Anni Holm". Retrieved May 19, 2011. 
  14. ^ "Victor Borge's Centennial Year" (PDF). Retrieved July 9, 2011. 
  15. ^ "Past Exhibitions". Retrieved May 19, 2011. 
  16. ^ "Current Exhibitions". Retrieved May 19, 2011. 
  17. ^ "Danish Genealogical Sources". Retrieved July 9, 2011. 
  18. ^ "Library & Genealogy". Retrieved July 9, 2011. 
  19. ^ "Contact the Library". Retrieved July 9, 2011. 
  20. ^ a b "Historic Buildings". Retrieved September 30, 2011. 

External links[edit]