Inquisition v. City of Charlotte
Inquisition v. City of Charlotte was a landmark First Amendment Supreme Court decision.
|East Mecklenburg High School|
Cover of volume II issue 3 of Inquisition (1969)
|Founder(s)||Lee Douglas, Hanson Dunbar, Lynwood Sawyer, Russell Schwarz, and Tom Wilkinson|
|Headquarters||Charlotte, North Carolina|
The Inquisition was an underground newspaper produced by high school students—mostly attending East Mecklenburg High School—and their various friends bi-monthly in Charlotte, North Carolina from April 1968 to late 1969. Inquisition was the first Underground Press Syndicate member from the U.S. South and a member of Liberation News Service. Copies of Inquisition can be found in 15 university libraries.
After a first issue of only 81, the magazine went to 450 then doubled again by the third issue. By its final issues, the newspaper inspired emotional rejections by parents and became an underground icon for teens.
Inquisition reporters are rumored to have taped one of Jimi Hendrix's last concerts for issue #3.
Supreme Court case
The paper was the subject of a landmark First Amendment case, "Inquisition vs City of Charlotte", pitting freedom of the press against a city zoning ordinance from March - May, 1969. The case, which was partially decided by placing the sound of the paper's small printer against the sound of a power mower, was found in favor of Inquisition.
Inquisition was revisited by way of an interview with two founders, Russell Schwarz and Lynwood Sawyer, with scholar Suzanne Sink and host Michael Collins on WFAE's Charlotte Talks on November 10, 2010 and rebroadcast on January 16, 2012.
Inquisition's story was featured in a retrospective on the year 1968 in Charlotte Magazine September 2013.
- "Inquisition". WorldCat. Retrieved 23 December 2015.
- Dayberry, Don (26 August 1968). "A Newspaper Inquisition". Charlotte Observer. p. 10A.
- "Mother's Afraid of 'Inquisition'". Charlotte Observer. 9 April 1969.
- "May 09th, 1969". Jimi Hendrix Encyclopedia. Sony Music Entertainment. Retrieved 23 December 2015.
- Sink, Suzanne Parenti (October 2011). "Fueling the Southern Underground Movement: Inquisition v. The City of Charlotte". Studies in American Culture. 34 (1): 129. 76115600. Retrieved 23 December 2015.
- Taylor, Nick (28 March 1969). "Embattled 'Inquisition' Gets Timely Assist from Judge". The Charlotte News.
- Taylor, Nick (21 April 1969). "'Inquisition' Case Lacks Precedents: Historic Ruling Ahead?". The Charlotte News. p. 20B.
- Taylor, Nick (11 April 1969). "Inquisition Zone OK, Youths Told: Editors Testify at Hearing". The Charlotte News. p. 1C.
- Taylor, Nick (12 May 1968). "Judge Gives Ruling: 'Inquisition' Press Can Start Rolling". The Charlotte News. pp. 1A, 4A.
- "The "Inquisition"". WFAE. 10 November 2010. Retrieved 23 December 2015.
- "The Inquisition Magazine (Rebroadcast)". WFAE. Retrieved 23 December 2015.
- McShane, Chuck (16 August 2013). "The Past: 1968". Charlotte Magazine. Retrieved 23 December 2015.
- Dunbar, Hanson. High School Organizing Has Its Faults: Former Underground Editor. Page 7. Daily Tar Heel. October 3, 1969.
- Holding in the North Carolina Collection at University of North Carolina - Chapel Hill
- Encyclopedia of Journalism By D. Charles Whitney, Christopher H. Sterling "Alternative and Underground Newspapers" Volume 1, Page 81.
- The Inquisition - Charlotte Talks. WFAE Radio. Recorded interview by Mike Collins with Inquisition editors Russell Schwarz and Lynwood Sawyer and researcher Suzanne Sink. November 10, 2010. Link includes audio, images of the paper, Sink's research paper on the zoning case and references to the Jimi Hendrix recordings.
- Sink, Suzanne. Fueling the Southern underground Movement, mss 434, Special Collections, J. Murrey Atkins Library, University of North Carolina at Charlotte
- Southern Underground Press: The Project to Archive and Rebuild the Communities of The Southern Underground Press (website)
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