The New Age of Innovation
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The New Age of Innovation: Driving Cocreated Value Through Global Networks (ISBN 9780071598286) is a book by University of Michigan Ross School of Business Professors C. K. Prahalad and M. S. Krishnan published in April 2008. The book outlines a new strategic path for companies in the 21st century.
In the first chapter, Prahalad and Krishnan outline their central thesis; that there are new managerial demands in business, requiring new sources of value creation. They argue that these demands have created an N=1 and R=G environment, where companies need to customize their product for each customer by gaining access to a new array of suppliers.
The book argues that the old sources of competitive advantage -technology, labor, and capital – are fading and that new sources are emerging. Prahalad and Krishnan suggest an internal capacity to reconfigure resources in real time by focusing on clearly documented, transparent, and resilient business processes (the link between strategy, business models and operations) has become a strong differentiator. They also argue that a focus on co-creation, by developing an R=G supply network and emphasizing analytics which identify trends and unique opportunities can create a strong competitive advantage. The technical architecture required to develop these flexible and resilient business processes and strong analytics capabilities is outlined in the book.
The last four chapters describe how to implement these new strategies. Recognizing that many companies have fragmented and archaic systems, the book describes typical problems that occur when migrating to an N=1 and R=G friendly system. Prahalad and Krishnan emphasize the importance of a social architecture with strong linkages between managers and the technical architecture. They also outline the necessity for companies to recruit new skills from around the world and use globalization to its advantage.
The book argues that "the industrial system as we know it has been morphing for some time. Now it may have reached an inflection point.” Prahalad and Krishnan outline the approach that firms in the new economy must take to survive and become successful. The previous choice between low cost and differentiation is rarely the chief strategic choice anymore, firms must achieve what Prahalad and Krishnan call N=1 and R=G.
N=1 requires companies to focus on the importance of individual customer experiences and tailor their product accordingly. It requires that companies have resilient, dynamic and flexible business processes. They also emphasize the importance of strong analytics which allow management to discover trends and unique opportunities and enable the company to engage in product co-creation with their consumer base.
R=G advises firms take a horizontal approach to supply rather than vertical integration. The focus is on obtaining access, rather than ownership, to resources from an array of suppliers both inside and outside the firm. R=G provides the best opportunity for firms to leverage the necessary resources to co-create a personalized experience for each customer. R=G is often mistaken as a suggestion to outsource, however this is often not the case, as there are many notable instances where it makes sense for companies to leverage local resources to fulfill a personalized demand model.
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- The New Age of Innovation blog The authors expand on ideas presented in the book and engage in discussion with readers
- Research based website on Bottom of Pyramid Innovation adoption
- Center for Global Resource Leverage: India Jointly directed by the authors
- C.K. Prahalad video interview Interview with Informationweek on New Age of Innovation
- Times Online: Get ready for the future A podcast in which CK Prahalad talks about ideas presented in the book
- Review of the book in BusinessWeek
- Review of the book in Fortune
- Review of the book in the Economist
- Review of the book in The Economic Times of India