Willie Mabon recorded "The Seventh Son" on June 1, 1955 in Chicago, Illinois. The exact personnel on the session is not known for sure but is most likely Willie Mabon (vocals, piano), Bill Martin (trumpet), Herbert Robinson (tenor saxophone), Willie Dixon (bass), and Oliver Coleman (drums). The song was paired for release as a single with "Lucinda" as its b-side and was released in October.
Johnny Rivers recorded his version of "The Seventh Son" supposedly at the Whisky a Go Go in Hollywood, California and released it on Meanwhile Back at the Whisky à Go Go in 1965 and released it as a single. Most, if not all, of these 'live' Whisky tracks were studio recordings with audience noise added, however. The single version of the song peaked at #7 on Billboard magazine's Hot 100 singles chart. Johnny Rivers' version also topped RPM magazine's Top Singles chart.