Theodore Whitman Knauth (1885-1962) was an investment banker, journalist, and government official. His career include reporting as a war correspondent in Berlin, Germany during World War II and service for the U.S. government in the American Zone of Occupation.
Early life and education
Knauth was born in New York City on January 13, 1885. He graduated from Morristown School (now Morristown-Beard School) in Morristown, NJ in 1903. Knauth then completed his bachelor's degree at Harvard University in Cambridge, Massachusetts in 1907. While studying at Harvard, he joined the social fraternity Delta Upsilon. Knauth later served as a member of the Board of Trustees of Morristown School alongside fellow Morristown and Harvard graduates George W. Merck and Roger Burlingame. The Board elected Knauth its corporate secretary in 1922 prior to a celebration of the 25th anniversary of the school's founding.
Knauth began his career at the banking firm Knauth, Nachod, and Kuhne in 1907. Founded by his grandfather Theodore in 1838, the investment firm handled German and international securities. After the firm named Knauth as a partner in 1921, he worked there for 13 years.
War and post-war activities
During World War II, Knauth worked as a war correspondent for NBC News, which aired over NBC's radio networks. Serving from 1938 to 1941, he was one of the first reporters for NBC to cover news of the war directly from Berlin. The Paley Center for Media (formerly the Museum of Television and Radio) houses two of his on-air reports from Berlin in their radio collection. The segments aired on the NBC Radio Networks on June 4, 1940 and June 6, 1940.
After leaving NBC News, Knauth joined the American Red Cross. He worked in their department of prisoner-of-war relief for several years. The department distributed Red Cross parcels as care packages to prisoners of war. During the Allied occupation of Germany, Knauth served as the chief of religious affairs for the American Zone of Occupation.
Knauth served on the Board of Directors of the Carl Schurz Memorial Foundation, an organization established to improve German-American relations. He also served on the Board of Directors of the American Chamber of Commerce's regional office in Berlin.
Knauth married Gabriel Roediger of Halle, Germany on February 22, 1912. They had five children: Percey, Otto, Barbara, Christine, and Sybilla. Paralleling the work of his father, Percy Knauth also served as a war correspondent in Berlin during World War II. He reported for The Chicago Tribune, The New York Times, and Time Magazine.
- Harvard University, ed. (1917). Secretary's Report: Harvard University Class of 1907, Volume 4.
- Harvard University, ed. (1922). Harvard Alumni Bulletin, Volume 25.
- Hall, Henry (189). America's Successful Men of Affairs: The city. New York Tribune. p. 375.
- "T. W. Knauth Becomes Partner". Bankers Magazine. CII (1): 144.
- "Theodore Knauth, Retired Banker, 76". The New York Times. 1962-11-05.
- "WAR NEWS FROM WASHINGTON: SPECIAL FEEDS - BERLIN AND PARIS (RADIO) (June 04, 1940)". "This program features correspondents Theodore Knauth in Berlin, Helen Hiett in Paris, and Earl Godwin in Washington, D.C."
- "WAR NEWS FROM NEW YORK: SPECIAL FEEDS - LONDON, BERLIN, AND PARIS (RADIO) (June 06, 1940)"."This program features correspondents James Reston in London, Theodore Knauth in Berlin, and Helen Hiett in Paris."
- White, James Terry (1967). The National Cyclopaedia of American Biography.
- The Delta Upsilon Quarterly. 30 (2). Delta Upsilon. 1912. Missing or empty
- Saxon, Wolfgang (January 21, 1995). "Percy Knauth, 80, an Author And Foreign Correspondent". The New York Times.