|Thomas Alfred Coward|
8 January 1867|
|Died||29 January 1933
Lower Bowdon, Cheshire
|Alma mater||Owens College (now Manchester University)|
|Notable works||The Birds of the British Isles and Their Eggs|
Thomas Alfred Coward, MSc, FZS, FRES, MBOU (8 January 1867 – 29 January 1933), was an English ornithologist and an amateur astronomer. He wrote extensively on natural history, local history and Cheshire.
He was born at 8 Higher Downs, Bowdon, Cheshire (now Greater Manchester) on 8 January 1867, the fourth and last child of Thomas and Sarah Coward. His father was a Congregational minister and in business as a partner in the firm of Melland and Coward, textile bleachers. Coward's siblings were Charles, Alice and Annie.
After an education at Brooklands School, Sale and at Owens College (now Manchester University), Coward worked in the family business for 19 years, before it was taken over by the Bleachers' Association. His share of the proceeds from the sale of Melland and Coward was sufficient to allow him to retire from business and concentrate on his love of wildlife and the study of birds, which had developed as a child. He began writing articles on natural history for newspapers including The Liverpool Daily Post, The Chester Cournant and The Manchester Guardian for which he wrote the "Country Diary" column until his death. General interest magazines for which he wrote included The Field and Country Life and in specialist journals such as The Zoologist, Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London and British Birds.
His first book was The Birds of Cheshire, published in 1900, when he was living in Hale. His three-volume The Birds of the British Isles and their eggs (1920–25) was illustrated by Archibald Thorburn and was "acknowledged as being the book that did more to popularise the study of birds than any other publication produced during the first part of the twentieth century". It was revised by Arnold Boyd for a new edition in 1950.
His field notes are archived in the Department of Zoology at Oxford.
Coward is credited with the first use in print of the term "Jizz", in his "Country Diary" column of 6 December 1921 - the piece was subsequently included in his 1922 book "Bird Haunts and Nature Memories". He attributed it to "a west-coast Irishman".
- Acting Keeper of the Manchester Museum (During World War I)
- Chairman and President of the Altrincham and District Natural History and Literary Society
- President of the Manchester Literary and Philosophical Society
Coward wrote a number of books on local history, natural history and birds:
- The Birds of Cheshire, 1900, written jointly with Charles Oldham.
- Picturesque Cheshire
- The Vertebrate Fauna of Cheshire and Liverpool Bay, 1910, written jointly with Charles Oldham and James Johnstone.
- Cheshire. Cambridge County Geographies.
- The Migration of Birds, Cambridge University Press, 1912
- The Birds of the British Isles and their Eggs, Frederick Warne & Co, 1919 in two volumes, expanded to three in 1926
- Bird Haunts and Nature Memories, Frederick Warne & Co, 1922
- Birds and their Young
- Life of the Wayside and Woodland
- Birds at Home and Abroad
- Life of Birds
- Bird and Other Nature Problems, Frederick Warne & Co, 1931
- Cheshire – Traditions and History
- The Mammalian Fauna of Cheshire
- The Practical Handbook of British Birds, Witherby & Co, 1920
- White, Walter Walmesley (1931). Bird life in Devon. London: J. Cape,. pp. 256 p,  leaves of plates : ill (music) ; 20 cm. (Foreword)
- Cardwell, Donald. "Coward, Thomas Alfred (1867–1933)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/36241. Retrieved 11 June 2011. (Subscription required (. ))
- "Mr T. A. Coward". The Times (46356). 31 January 1933. p. 15. Retrieved 11 June 2011. (Subscription required (. ))
- Usher, Tony. "T.A.Coward". Knutsford Ornithological Society. Retrieved 1 May 2018.
- W. E. G. (July 1942). "Obituary: Charles Oldham". Ibis. 84 (3): 440–443. doi:10.1111/j.1474-919X.1942.tb05717.x.
- "Blue plaque № 8447 in Bowdon". Open Plaques. Retrieved 30 December 2011.
- Hodkinson, Mr J. F. (March 1934). "The T. A. Coward Memorial Nature Reserves". North Western Naturalist. IX (1): 3.
- Greenwood, Jeremy J.D.; Greenwood, Julian G. (May 2018). "The Origin of the Birdwatching Term "Jizz"". British Birds. 111 (5): 292-294.
- "Coward, Thomas Alfred". Who Was Who. Oxford University Press/A & C Black. December 2007. Retrieved 11 June 2011. (Subscription required (. ))
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Thomas Coward.|
- Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/45766. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
- Thomas Coward on Journalisted
- Works by Thomas Coward at Project Gutenberg
- Works by or about Thomas Coward at Internet Archive
- The Birds of the British Isles and Their Eggs Google Books. Retrieved 11 June 2011.
- Guardian 'Country Diary' columns