Thomas Hastings (Royal Navy officer)
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|Died||3 January 1870(aged 79–80)|
|Commands held||HMS Ferret
|Battles/wars||French Revolutionary Wars
Admiral Sir Thomas Hastings, KCB DL (1790–1870) was a British artist, innovator, instructor, and distinguished officer of the Royal Navy. He was renowned as an expert gunner, and some believe him to be the first officer to take a truly scientific approach to gunnery.
Hastings was born on 3 July 1790, the fourth son (and seventh child) of Rev. James Hastings (later Rector of Martley, Worcestershire) and Elizabeth (née Paget). He was brother to Sir Charles Hastings (founder of the British Medical Association). Another brother, Francis Decimus Hastings, also served in the Royal Navy and reached the rank of Rear-Admiral.
While a lieutenant in 1812, he painted Storm at Sea. On 29 April 1812, Hastings participated in an attack led by Captain Thomas Ussher on French privateers of Málaga, in which he performed admirably, commanding twenty men in the attack.
In 1814, as a first lieutenant of the Undaunted, he escorted Napoleon into his exile on Elba, and was one of three officers responsible for the arrangements for the arrival of Napoleon. From 14 November 1828 until 22 July 1830, he commanded Ferret in the Mediterranean with the rank of commander. He was then promoted captain.
On 13 April 1832, Captain Hastings took command of the sixth-rate training ship Excellent. As far back as 1817 General Sir Howard Douglas had submitted plans to remedy the obvious deficiencies of British naval gunnery. Nothing was done until 1830 when Commander George Smith was appointed to "superintend the practice of Sea Gunnery" on board that ship at Portsmouth. The gunnery school was put on a permanent basis by Captain Thomas Hastings (known at the time as "Old Sting").
He became noted for his training methods, although some in the admiralty disapproved of his emphasis on science, and found his reports on gunnery confusing, as they had little knowledge of science themselves. From a life of Sir John Barrow, the Secretary to the Admiralty through most of the first half of the 19th century, an interesting account appears; two years after Hastings' appointment to Excellent, Sir John Briggs, Reader to the Board, happened to show the examination paper to an Admiral on the Board.
- "Do you know, it is very strange, but I do not understand all this. Pray, Sir, what is the meaning of 'impact'?" "I rather think that it means the force of the blow", replied Briggs. The Admiral turned to another Naval Lord, Sir John Beresford, and asked him: "What in the name of good fortune is meant by 'initial velocity'?" "I'll be hanged if I know", answered Sir John, "but I suppose it is some of Tom Hastings' scientific bosh; I'll tell you what I think we had better do - we'll go at once to Lord de Grey (First Lord) and get that Excellent paid off."
- However, the First Lord replied: "I am afraid, my dear Beresford, I cannot sanction it, for you have no idea how damned scientific that House of Commons has become."
He left command of Excellent on 28 August 1845, after his appointment as Storekeeper of the Ordnance on 25 July 1845. He held that post until it was abolished with the dissolution of the Board of Ordnance in 1855. On 27 September 1855 he was promoted rear admiral, and on 4 October 1862 vice admiral. On 2 April 1866, he retired from the navy with the rank of admiral. He died on 3 January 1870 at his home in London.
His brother, Francis Hastings, born 1796 entered the Royal Navy at the age of twelve. He was obliged to relinquish active service because of his wounds, hardships and length of service. In 1859 he was elevated to the rank of Rear Admiral, and to Vice Admiral in 1865. He died in 1869 at the age of seventy-three.
- O'Byrne, William Richard (1849). " Hastings, Thomas". A Naval Biographical Dictionary. John Murray. Wikisource.
- "Hastings, Thomas (1790-1870)". Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900.
- Thomas Hastings R.N. (William Loney RN - Background)
- Why Hastings close (People of Martley)
Francis Robert Bonham
|Storekeeper of the Ordnance