|1st Treasurer of the Colony of Connecticut|
|Succeeded by||William Whiting|
|2nd Secretary of the Colony of Connecticut|
|Preceded by||Edward Hopkins|
|Succeeded by||John Cullick|
|Deputy Governor of the Colony of Connecticut|
|17th Governor of the Colony of Connecticut|
|Preceded by||Edward Hopkins|
|Succeeded by||John Webster|
|20th Governor of the Colony of Connecticut|
|Preceded by||John Winthrop the Younger|
|Succeeded by||John Winthrop the Younger|
|Born||10 July 1594
Stourton, Whichford, Warwickshire, England
|Died||14 January 1660
Elizabeth Deming Foote
|Children||John Welles (1622–1659)
Thomas Welles (circa 10 July 1594 – 14 January 1660) is the only man in Connecticut's history to hold all four top offices: governor, deputy governor, treasurer, and secretary. In 1639, he was elected as the first treasurer of the Colony of Connecticut, and from 1640–1649 served as the colony's secretary. In this capacity, he transcribed the Fundamental Orders into the official colony records on 14 January 1638, OS, (24 January 1639, NS).
Welles was born in Stourton, Whichford, Warwickshire, England around 1590, the son of Robert Welles and Alice Robert Hunt of Stourton, Warwickshire, England, born about 1543. He married Alice Tomes on September 28, 1615 at St. Peter's Church, near Banbury, Oxfordshire, England. She was born around 1593 in Long Marston, Gloucestershire, England, the daughter of John Tomes and Ellen (Gunne) Phelps. A brother of Alice Tomes-Welles, also named John Tomes like his father, was a faithful royalist who during the escape of Charles II sheltered him in his home on the night of 10 September 1651 when the king was a fugitive after the Battle of Worcester.
After the death of Alice, Welles married again about 1646 in Wethersfield, Connecticut. His second wife was Elizabeth (Deming) Foote, who was a sister of John Deming and the widow of Nathaniel Foote (Who founded Wethersfield). Elizabeth had seven children by her previous marriage; there were no children from the second marriage.
The first appearance of Governor Thomas Welles's name in Hartford was on 28 March 1637, according to the Connecticut Colonial Records. Welles came to Hartford with Reverend Thomas Hooker in June 1636. Some believe a copy of a grant in which he is named confirms this statement. He was chosen a magistrate of the Colony of Connecticut in 1637, an office he held every successive year until his death in 1660, a period of twenty-two years. He was elected deputy governor in 1654, and governor of the Connecticut Colony in 1655, and in 1656 and 1657 was deputy governor to John Winthrop the Younger; in 1658 governor, and in 1659 deputy governor, which position he held at his death on 14 January 1660 at Wethersfield, Connecticut.
It is thought that he was buried in Wethersfield, Connecticut. Some sources indicate that his remains were later transferred to the Ancient Burying Ground in Hartford. In either case, his grave is presently unmarked. His name appears on the Founders of Hartford, Connecticut Monument in Hartford's Ancient Burying Ground.
- John (1622 – 7 August 1659), settled in Stratford in 1645, serving as a magistrate and a probate judge there before his death in 1659. His son, John, married Mary Hollister the daughter of Lt, John Hollister and Joanna Treat, the daughter of Richard Treat.
- Thomas, settled in Hartford, Connecticut; his daughter Rebecca married Captain James Judson and settled in Stratford, Connecticut in 1680 James and Rebecca's son David, also a Captain, built the Captain David Judson House, located on the same spot where his great grandfather William had built his first house, made of stone, in 1639.
- Samuel, became a Captain and settled in Wethersfield, Connecticut. He married as his first wife Elizabeth Hollister, the daughter of Lt. John Hollister and Joanna Treat, the daughter of Richard Treat. Elizabeth and Samuel were the parents of six children. Elizabeth died in 1659 and he married as his second wife Hannah, the daughter of George Lamberton of the New Haven Colony. There were no children by the second marriage. His son Samuel married Ruth Rice, daughter of Edmund Rice, on 20 June 1683 and they had six children.
- Captain Samuel's daughter Sarah married Ephraim Hawley of Stratford and settled in what is now Trumbull in 1683. Sarah and Ephraim's great-granddaughter was Abigail Wolcott (1756–1818) who married Oliver Ellsworth (1745– 1807), a lawyer and politician who was a drafter of the United States Constitution and the third Chief Justice of the United States.
Thomas Welles's descendants number in the thousands today. Some of his notable descendants include;
- James Phinney Baxter III, PhD, Litt.D., L.H.D., D.Sc., LL.D., (1893–1975), American historian, educator and academic, He won the 1947 Pulitzer Prize for history, for his book Scientists Against Time. He was the Director of the Office of Strategic Services (OSS) (1942–1943). He also served as president of Williams College from 1937—1961.
- Lyman Beecher, was a Presbyterian clergyman, temperance movement leader, and the father of many noted leaders, including Harriet Beecher Stowe, Henry Ward Beecher, Charles Beecher, Edward Beecher, Isabella Beecher Hooker, and Catharine Beecher, and a leader of the Second Great Awakening of the United States.
- Robert Foster "Bob" Bennett, is a former United States Senator from Utah and a member of the Republican Party. He is the son of Frances Marion Grant and U.S. Senator Wallace F. Bennett.
- Emily Newell Blair, a U.S. political activist, American feminist, suffragist and writer. From 1925 to 1934 she was an Editor of Good Housekeeping magazine.
- Dr. C. Loring Brace IV, Biological anthropologist.
- Gerald Warner Brace, was an American writer, educator, sailor and boat builder.
- Seth Wells Cheney, an American artist, a pioneer of crayon work in the United States
- Lydia Cornell, (born 23 July 1953) is an American actress, writer, novelist, comedian, blogger and talk-radio host.
- Bruce Dern, is an Academy Award-nominated American film actor.
- Laura Dern, is an American actress, film director and producer.
- Gerald R. Ford, was the 38th President of the United States, serving from 1974 to 1977, and the 40th Vice President of the United States serving from 1973 to 1974.
- Dr. John Franklin Gray, the first practitioner of Homeopathy in the United States.
- Dr. Jethro A. Hatch, was the first physician in Kentland, Indiana and a Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Indiana's10th district.
- William Welles Hollister, (1818–1886), a Californian rancher, entrepreneur and founder of Hollister, California.
- Archibald MacLeish, was an American poet, writer and the Librarian of Congress. He is associated with the Modernist school of poetry. He received three Pulitzer Prizes for his work.
- Helen Schermerhorn Morris, 5th wife of American film director, screenwriter, producer, actor, and film historian, Martin Scorsese.
- Raphael Pumpelly, was an American geologist and explorer
- Nancy Davis Reagan, is the widow of former United States President Ronald Reagan and served as an influential First Lady of the United States from 1981 to 1989.
- Roxana Barry Robinson, is an American novelist and biographer.
- Henry Shelton Sanford, was an American diplomat and businessman who founded the city of Sanford, Florida.
- Gideon Welles, the United States Secretary of the Navy, 1861–1869.
- Sumner Welles, U.S. Undersecretary of State, 1937–1943.
- Daniel H. Wells, (1814–1891) was an apostle of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church) and the third mayor of Salt Lake City, Utah Territory, United States.
- Dr. Henry Wells, was an American author, professor and leading expert on Latin America politics.
- Henry Wells, (12 December 1805 – 10 December 1878) founded the American Express Company, Wells Fargo & Company and Wells College, a liberal arts college located in Aurora, New York.
- Wilford Woodruff, (1 March 1807 – 2 September 1898) was the fourth president of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church) from 1889 until his death in 1898.
- Utica Celestia Welles, Lady Beecham, 1st wife of Sir Thomas Beecham, 2nd Baronet, CH was a British conductor and impresario. From the early twentieth century until his death, Beecham was a major influence on the musical life of Britain and, according to Neville Cardus, was the first British conductor to have a regular international career.
- Norton, pp. 19–21
- Siemiatkoski, Donna H (1990). The Descendants of Governor Thomas Welles of Connecticut, 1590–1658, and His Wife, Alice Tomes. Gateway Press.
- Deming, pp. 3–8
- Mathews, Barbara J. (April 2000). "The Wills of John Welles and his Father, Governor Thomas Welles" (PDF). Welles Family Association. Retrieved 19 March 2010.
- Raymond, Marcius D, p. 17
- Case, L. W., p. 35
- Treat, p. 31
- Treat, p. 33
- Treat, pp. 20–31
- Siemiatkoski, Donna Holt (1990). The Descendants of Gov. Thomas Welles and his Wife Alice Tomes Through their Son Thomas Welles (c. 1625–1668) of Hartford Connecticut. Gateway Press.
- "Ruth Rice (1659–1742)". Edmund Rice (1638) Association. Retrieved 19 March 2011.
- Buchanan, James M. (1991). The Supreme Court Justices: Illustrated Biographies, 1789–1995 (2nd ed.). Supreme Court Historical Society.
- Johnson, pp. 163–175
- Mathews, Barbara J. (November 2006). "Ancestry of The Rev. Lyman Beecher and His daughters Catherine Beecher and Harriet (Beecher) Stowe" (PDF). Wellesprings. Welles Family Association. Retrieved 19 March 2010.
- Mathews, Barbara J. (April 2002). "Daniel Hanmer Wells, Father of the Utah Branch of our Family" (PDF). Welles Family Association. Retrieved 19 March 2010.
- Raymond, Marcius D., 64
- Jordan, 372
- Laas, 10–12
- Raymond, pp. 20–22
- Raymond, M D., pp. 84–97
- Raymond, Marcius D., pp. 34–35
- Cornell, Lydia (2005). "The Official Website of Lydia Cornell". Lydia Cornell. Retrieved 15 April 2010.
- Roberts, Gary Boyd. "The New England Ancestry of Archibald Mac Leish". New England Historic Genealogical Society. Retrieved 14 March 2010.
- Mathews, Barbara J. (Autumn 2004). "Ancestry of President Gerald R. Ford" (PDF). Wellesprings. Welles Family Association. Retrieved 19 March 2010.
- Raymond, Marcius D., 18
- Case, pp. 247
- Case, pp. 473
- Roberts, Gary Boyd (18 April 2008). "#83 Royal Descents, Notable Kin, and Printed Sources: A Third Set of Ten Hollywood Figures (or Groups Thereof), with a Coda on Two Directors". NewEnglandAncestors.org. New England Historic Genealogical Society. Retrieved 14 April 2010.
- Pumpelly, p. 783
- Reitwiesner, William Addams (2007). "Ancestry of Sen. Gary Hart". Retrieved 18 March 2010.
- McGhan, p.385
- "Mr. Sanford's Services". New York Times. 6 November 1877. Retrieved 21 August 2010. Check date values in:
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- "Henry Shelton Sanford". New York Times. 23 May 1891. Retrieved 21 August 2010.
- "General Henry S. Sanford.". Sanford Historical Society. Retrieved 21 August 2010.
- "Find a Grave: Gen. Henry Shelton Sanford". Retrieved 14 July 2009.
- Welles, p. 7
- Mathews, Barbara J. (November 2003 and April 2004). "Henry Wells, Founder of Wells Fargo and American Express" (PDF). Welles Family Association. Retrieved 19 March 2010. Check date values in:
- Mathews, Barbara J. (November 2005). "Wilford Woodruff, a Welles Descendant, Fourth President of the Church of Jesus Christ of the Latter-Day Saints And Founder of the Genealogical Society of Utah" (PDF). Welles Family Association. Retrieved 19 March 2010.
- Roberts, Gary Boyd. "#61 Royal Descents, Notable Kin, and Printed Sources: Notable Descendants of the Stanleys of Hartford". New England Historic Genealogical Society. Retrieved 19 July 2010.
- Case, Lafayette Wallace. The Hollister family of America: Lieut. John Hollister, of Wethersfield, Conn., and his descendants Publisher Fergus printing company, 1886
- Cutter, William Richard. New England Families, Genealogical and Memorial, Lewis Historical Publishing, NY, 1914
- Deming, Judson Keith. Genealogy of the descendants of John Deming of Wethersfield, Connecticut: with historical notes University of Wisconsin – Madison: Publisher Press of Mathis-Mets Co., 1904
- Johnson, Alfred. The Hon. James Phinney Baxter, A.M., LITT.D. The New England historical and genealogical register, Volume 75. Publisher New England Historic Genealogical Society, 1921
- Jordan, John W. Genealogical and personal history of the Allegheny Valley, Pennsylvania. New York: Lewis Historical Pub. Company 1913.
- Laas, Virginia Jeans Bridging two eras : the autobiography of Emily Newell Blair, 1877–1951. Columbia, Missouri: University of Missouri Press 1999.
- Mathews, Barbara Jean. The Descendants of Governor Thomas Welles and his Wife Alice Tomes, vol. 1, 3rd edition. Wethersfield, CT: Welles Family Association, 2015.
- McGhan, Judith. Genealogies of Connecticut families: from the New England historical and genealogical register Baltimore: Publisher Genealogical Publishing Company, 1983 ISBN 0-8063-1030-8.
- Norton, Frederick Calvin The governors of Connecticut: biographies of the chief executives of the commonwealth that gave to the world the first written constitution known to history, Publisher Connecticut Magazine Co., 1905.
- Pumpelly, Raphael. My Reminiscences, Raphael Pumpelly. Publisher: H. Holt and Company, 1918.
- Raymond, Marcius Denison. Gray genealogy : being a genealogical record and history of the descendants of John Gray, of Beverly, Mass., and also including sketches of other Gray families. New York: Higginson Book Company, 1887.
- Raymond, M D. Souvenir of the Sherburne Centennial Celebration and Dedication of Monument to the Proprietors and Early Settlers, held on Wednesday, 21 June 1893. New York: M.D. Raymond, 1892.
- Raymond, Marcius D. Sketch of Rev. Blackleach Burritt and related Stratford families : a paper read before the Fairfield County Historical Society, at Bridgeport, Conn., Friday evening, 19 Feb 1892. Bridgeport : Fairfield County Historical Society 1892.
- Siemiatkoski, Donna Holt. The Descendants of Governor Thomas Welles of Connecticut, 1590–1658, and His Wife, Alice Tomes Baltimore: Publisher, Gateway Press, 1990.
- Treat, John Harvey. The Treat family: a genealogy of Trott, Tratt, and Treat for fifteen generations, and four hundred and fifty years in England and America, containing more than fifteen hundred families in America Publisher The Salem press publishing & printing company, 1893.
- Welles, Benjamin. Sumner Welles: FDR's global strategist : a biography. New York: M.D. Raymond, 1892. Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan, 1997. ISBN 0-312-17440-3.
- Welles Family Association, Inc.
- Biographical sketch of Thomas Welles Connecticut State Library
- Stratford Historical Society
- The Society of the Hawley Family, Inc.
- National Archives biography
- Oliver Ellsworth Homestead
- Oliver Ellsworth at Supreme Court Historical Society
- Thomas Welles at Find a Grave
|Governor of the Connecticut Colony
John Winthrop the Younger
|Governor of the Connecticut Colony
John Winthrop the Younger