Tiigrihüpe (Estonian for Tiger Leap) was a project undertaken by Republic of Estonia to heavily invest in development and expansion of computer and network infrastructure in Estonia, with a particular emphasis on education. The project was first proposed in 1996 by Toomas Hendrik Ilves, then ambassador of Estonia to United States and later President of Estonia, and Jaak Aaviksoo, then minister of Education. The project was announced by Lennart Meri, the President of Estonia, on 21 February 1996. Funds for the foundation of Tiigrihüpe were first allocated in national budget of 1997.
An important primary effect of the project was rollout of Internet access to all Estonian schools, which effectively ended UUCP usage in Estonia, combined with updating computer labs in schools to use IBM PCs, where Estonian CP/M based school computer Juku introduced in 1988 was still widely used. Although outdated for 1990s, Jukus did enable Estonia to "gain a head start in mass school computerization" by providing early access to computers and a standardized study environment.
After the cyberattacks on Estonia in 2007, Estonia combined network defence with its common military doctrine. Success of the process led to NATO creating the NATO Cooperative Cyber Defence Centre of Excellence in Tallinn. This project has been nicknamed Tiger Defence (Estonian: Tiigrikaitse) by analogy with Tiigrihüpe.
In 2012, two more programs for technology education were launched in Estonia. Firstly, the ProgeTiger program to improve technological literacy and digital competence of teachers and students, and IT Academy – a cooperation and development program between the state, the ICT sector companies and universities aimed to improve the quality of higher ICT education.
- Noored Kooli, a project to increase the number of teachers in Estonia
- Estonica, a project on creating an Estonian encyclopædia partially funded through Tiigrihüpe
- EstWin, a project to connect all Estonians to internet with 100 Mbit/s speed by 2015
- Internet in Estonia
- Kanger, Laur (2016). "From General Patterns to Middle-range: A Proposal for a Top-down Theorizing Strategy". Sociology. 50 (3): 502–521. doi:10.1177/0038038515587640. ISSN 0038-0385. JSTOR 26555043. S2CID 142380454.
- Kanger, Laur (2013). Domestic PC Production in the Soviet Baltic States 1977-1992 (PDF) (PhD thesis). The University of Edinburgh.
- "President Ilves kohtus Ameerika Ühendriikide riigipeaga". Office of the President of Estonia. 25 June 2007. Archived from the original on 27 September 2007. Retrieved 24 February 2012.
- ProgeTiger – a program to create interest in technology starting from kindergarten
- IT Academy – Estonian way to shape ICT education
- Farivar, Cyrus. 2011. The Internet of Elsewhere: the Emergent Effects of a Wired World. New Brunswick, N.J.: Rutgers University Press. p. 109-149. Covers the history of the Internet and public WiFi access in Estonia.