Site archéologique de Tintignac-Naves
Remains of a cella
|Founded||3rd century BC|
|Abandoned||3rd century AD|
|Cultures||Gallic, Roman, Gallo-Roman|
Tintignac is a hamlet near Naves in the Corrèze region of France. It is primarily known for the archaeological remains of a sanctuary where Gallic and Gallo-Roman artefacts have been found, including seven carnyces (war trumpets) and ornamented helmets. The site is classified on the List of historic monuments of 1840.
The village has been known since the 12th century, using the Occitan spelling of Tintinhac. It is associated with Arnaut de Tintinhac, a troubadour and lord of Tintinhac who was born at Castle Tintignac, probably as a vassal of the Vicomte de Turenne of the House of La Tour d'Auvergne. Four of his poems have survived.
The Gallic and Gallo-Roman site is located on the plateau of Naves, north of the towns of Naves and Tulle, in the foothills east of Puy l'Aiguille, west of the Peuch Redon summit. Around the sanctuary, researchers have discovered traces of dense occupation and activity.
In September 2004, about 500 fragments of iron and bronze objects were discovered in a Gallic pit. The objects included a dozen swords and scabbards, iron spearheads, a shield, ten bronze helmets and an iron bird (a crane or swan is found on some lemovice items), 2 animal heads including a horse, one animal body in connection with the two hind legs, one foreleg, a cauldron, and seven carnyces (a wind instrument of the Iron Age Celts) and including an almost complete War Trumpet. The first such objects found in the context of a Gallic sanctuary. These unique military and religious objects are now being studied by the team led by Christophe Maniquet, chief scientist site of Tintignac. In 2009, an aqueduct was discovered, 2 metres high and feeding a well 13 metres deep.
Objects found at Tintignac were exhibited at the 2012 exhibition Les Gaulois, une expo renversante (The Gauls, a stunning exhibition).
A Carnyx found at Tintignac.
- Dossier pour la science, Number 61, October 2008.
- Base Mérimée
- "The Monedieres" by Daniel Borzeix, published 2003, - Arnaut de Tintinhac,
- Christophe Maniquet, Le sanctuaire antique des Arènes de Tintignac, Culture et Patrimoine en Limousin, 2004, 123 p. (ISBN 978-2-911167-38-6)
- Christophe Maniquet, Comment les Gaules devinrent romaines : Le dépôt d'armes, d'instruments de musique et d'objets gaulois du sanctuaire de Tintignac à Naves, Paris, La découverte, 2010, 21 à 34 p.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Sanctuaire de Tintignac.|
- The official website of Tintignac-Naves (in English)
- (French) Archeo-Tintignac : toutes les nouvelles récentes (in French)