Titles of the Welsh Court

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Titles of the Welsh Court are the names of the various Offices of State used in Wales during the Middle Ages. The role of different officers changed over time and these changes may reflect the political developments in the centuries before and after the death of Llywelyn ap Gruffudd in 1282. The Welsh name "distain", being derived from "dish thane", indicates it was originally with the royal dishes at table, but it is known that Ednyfed Fychan, Distain to Llywelyn, was effectively a Prime Minister who did not regularly wait on the ruler. Below is a selection of the most important offices and titles:

The Royal Family[edit]

  • Brenin, meaning; "King"
  • Tywysog, meaning; "Chief" or "Prince". A king was by default also a chief but a chief was not necessarily also a king. The title Tywysog is thought to share a common root with the Irish term Taoiseach.
  • Edling, was a title designating the Heir to the throne. This title was borrowed from the Old English title Æþeling meaning "royal son".

Twelve Principal Officers of the Court[edit]


  1. ^ The Welsh King and his Court


  • The Welsh King and his Court, University of Wales Press (2000), edited by Thomas Charles-Edwards, Morfydd E. Owen and Paul Russell, p. 19 & 27 (Prolegomena to the Laws of Court, by Dafydd Jenkins).