Tolleshunt Major

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Tolleshunt Major
St. Nicholas' church, Tolleshunt Major, Essex - geograph.org.uk - 136710.jpg
St. Nicholas' church, Tolleshunt Major
Tolleshunt Major is located in Essex
Tolleshunt Major
Tolleshunt Major
Location within Essex
Population695 (2011)[1]
OS grid referenceTL900113
Civil parish
  • Tolleshunt D'Arcy
District
Shire county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townMALDON
Postcode districtCM9
Dialling code01621
PoliceEssex
FireEssex
AmbulanceEast of England
EU ParliamentEast of England
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Essex
51°46′05″N 0°45′08″E / 51.76805°N 0.75224°E / 51.76805; 0.75224Coordinates: 51°46′05″N 0°45′08″E / 51.76805°N 0.75224°E / 51.76805; 0.75224

Tolleshunt Major is a small village approximately five miles north east of Maldon, in the Maldon District of Essex, England. It forms part of the electoral ward of Tolleshunt D'Arcy and is situated on the northern bank of the River Blackwater.[2]

History[edit]

Side view of Beckingham Manor

The Tolleshunt group of villages (Major, Knights, D'Arcy and Tollesbury) grew up in the area settled by the Saxon chief Toll who cleared areas of forest round local water sources. Tolleshunta was the Anglo Saxon name for Toll's spring. The name Tolleshunt Major (or Mauger as it was previously known), was granted by King Henry VIII to Stephen Beckenham, in 1544.[3] Beckenham bought various landscapes in and around the village and built a semi-fortified manor house with a turreted gatehouse within a red-brick boundary wall. This became known as "Beckingham House".[3] The house was demolished in 1782 and was replaced by a farmhouse. The former gatehouse which formed part of Beckingham Manor, complete with turrets and boundary wall still remain.[3]

In 1609, Beckingham completed the design and construction of a heraldic shield which featured statuettes of himself and his wife Alvis Beckingham (née Terral). The monument was displayed at the parish church of St. Nicholas. This has since been pulled down and scrapped.[3]

Beckingham family[edit]

The Beckingham family originally came from Wiltshire. Stephen’s son Thomas Beckingham received a knighthood and died in 1633. His son, William, became heir to the estate aged 12.[citation needed] The estate was eventually sold to Sir Thomas Adams, an alderman from London. The manor house changed hands several times before eventually becoming the property of the current owners.[3]

Geography[edit]

Tolleshunt Major's only streets are Beckingham Street, Bakers Lane, Mill Lane, Witham Road, Tudwick Road and Tolleshunt D'Arcy Road, all situated within the built up part of the village, which consists of just over one hundred dwellings.[citation needed]

The village's parish boundaries stretch as far as Little Totham, taking in parts of Sawyers Lane and Plains Road.[citation needed] Other rural parts of the village include Church Road to the east, Tudwick Road to the north, Sawyers Lane and Plains Road to the west, parts of Scraley Road, Wash Lane and Bakers Green to the south.[citation needed]

The village, which is not on any main road, is bordered by the villages of Little Totham, Goldhanger, Tolleshunt D'Arcy, Tolleshunt Knights and Great Totham North and South. Nearby towns include Maldon District, Colchester, Chelmsford and Tiptree.[citation needed]

Economy[edit]

Tolleshunt Major is host to The Beckingham Business park which has a small number of businesses, ranging from a transport company to a sports equipment manufacturing company. There are no street lights, mains gas supply or bus service apart from a schools service in the village.

The Beckingham Bell

The village has one public house called the Beckingham Bell which is situated in Beckingham Street.[4]

The village does have one small shop on Wicks Manor Farm situated in Tolleshunt Major which is owned by Howies & Sons. Wicks Manor Farm is a Local Essex farm which produces dry cured bacon, sausages, ham, gammons and pork.

Other shops can be found in Tiptree which is about a ten-minute drive where large supermarkets can be found as well as fast food restaurants, newsagents, a post office, hair salons, doctors and pharmacists. Also in Tiptree is the jam factory owned by Wilkin & Sons Limited.[5] Bigger shopping centres are at Chelmsford City about 30 minutes drive away and Colchester Town about 30 minutes away.

Governance[edit]

There are several elected representatives at different levels of government which act for Tolleshunt Major and the surrounding villages.[6] There are two Tolleshunt D'arcy district councillors which represent the area at Maldon District Council. The current district councillors are Robert Long (Conservative Party (UK)) and Maddie Thompson (Conservative).[6] The current MEPs are Vicky Ford (Conservative), Andrew Duff (Liberal Democrats), Stuart Agnew (UK Independence), Robert Sturdy (Conservative), Geoffrey Van Orden (Conservative), Richard Howitt (Labour) and David Campbell Bannerman (Conservative).[6]

Public transport[edit]

Bus[edit]

There is no bus service that runs through Tolleshunt Major apart from the school bus which is operated by Stephensons of Essex.[7]

Buses can be boarded from the nearby village of Tolleshunt D’arcy which commutes through Colchester or Great Totham. Other villages served are Maldon, Chelmsford and Witham.[8]

Railway[edit]

The closest National Rail service is located in Witham or Hatfield Peveral, and is operated by Abellio Greater Anglia. Destinations served from these stations include London Liverpool Street and Ipswich, Clacton, Harwich, Braintree and Norwich via the Great Eastern Main Line.[9] The nearest London Underground line is the central line at Stratford International.[10]

Schools[edit]

There are no schools in the village of Tolleshunt Major, there nearest primary school is in Tolleshunt D'arcy. Tolleshunt D'arcy has one primary school in the village on Tollesbury Road called St. Nicholas School C of E.[11] This school serves the villages of Tolleshunt D’Arcy, Tolleshunt Major, Tolleshunt Knights, Goldhanger and Little Totham. The school is situated in the centre of Tolleshunt D'Arcy village and has acres of open grassland, playground and wild-life area. It is surrounded by farmland and has views over the Blackwater Estuary.[11]

St. Nicholas primary school provides a broad and balanced education for pupils between the ages of 4 and 11 years. It was founded according to the principles and practices of the Church of England.[11]

The school is a single story building built in 1983 which has 7 classrooms which includes a large reception class room with its very own playground. There has been a school in Tolleshunt D’Arcy since before 1900.[11]

The school has a large hall used for assemblies, Physical education (PE), teaching, meals and plays. It also has a library, ICT suite and wildlife quad with a pond.[11]

The schools latest Ofsted inspection dated November 2011 achieved an overall grade of 3 which is satisfactory.[12]

There is no pre school either is Tolleshunt Major, the nearest again being in the neighbouring village of Tolleshunt D'arcy. Tolleshunt D'arcy Pre-School which is in the Village hall on Tollesbury Road.[13] In its latest Ofsted inspection in May 2011 it was graded an overall grade of 2 which is Good.[14]

Other schools can be found in neighbouring towns of Maldon, Goldhanger and Tiptree and further afield.

Healthcare[edit]

The nearest NHS(National Health Service (England)) hospitals are Broomfield Hospital in Chelmsford.[15] or Colchester General, in Highwoods, Colchester.[16]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Parish population 2015". Retrieved 23 September 2015.
  2. ^ "Ward Profile – Tolleshunt D'Arcy". Maldon District Council. 4 February 2010. Archived from the original on 31 August 2012. Retrieved 2 November 2011. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  3. ^ a b c d e History of Maldon, accessed 27 March 2012
  4. ^ Beckingham Bell Archived 30 May 2011 at the Wayback Machine, Beckingham Bell Public House, accessed 4 May 2012
  5. ^ Tiptree Jam, Tiptree Jam, accessed 4 May 2012
  6. ^ a b c Tolleshunt Major find your local MP, WriteToThem, accessed 16 April 2012
  7. ^ School Bus[permanent dead link], School Bus, accessed 10 May 2012
  8. ^ Local bus routes Archived 22 February 2012 at the Wayback Machine, local bus routes, accessed 4 May 2012
  9. ^ Greater Anglia, Greater Anglia Website, accessed 10 May 2012
  10. ^ London Underground, Transport for London Tfl Website, accessed 10 May 2012
  11. ^ a b c d e Tolleshunt D'arcy Primary School, Tolleshunt D'arcy Primary School, accessed 12 May 2012
  12. ^ Ofted Report, Current Ofsted Report, accessed 12 May 2012
  13. ^ Tolleshunt D'arcy Pre-School Archived 16 April 2013 at the Wayback Machine, Tolleshunt D'arcy Pre-School, accessed 12 MAy 2012
  14. ^ Ofsted Report Pre School, Ofsted Report Pre School, accessed 12 May 2012
  15. ^ Broomfield Hospital, Broomfield Hospital NHS Website, accessed 10 May 2012
  16. ^ Colchester General Archived 23 December 2011 at the Wayback Machine, Colchester Hospital University NHS Website, accessed 10 May 2012

External links[edit]