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|Born||20 March 1919|
|Died||21 October 1942 (aged 23)|
|Allegiance||Empire of Japan|
|Service/||Imperial Japanese Navy Air Service (IJN)|
|Rank||Petty Officer First Class|
|Unit||Tainan Air Group|
|Battles/wars||Second World War, Pacific War|
Toshio Ōta (太田 敏夫 Ōta Toshio, 20 March 1919 – 21 October 1942) was a World War II Japanese fighter ace. In early 1942, at the age of 22, he flew a Mitsubishi A6M Zero with the Lae based Tainan Air Group. There the young petty officer, 1st class became one of the so-called "Clean-up Trio" of Japanese aces, along with his squadron mates Saburo Sakai and Hiroyoshi Nishizawa.
Ōta's first confirmed kill, of a U.S. Army Air Force P-40E Warhawk, was over New Guinea on April 11, 1942. Transferred to Rabaul in August, Ōta was killed in a dogfight with U.S. Marine Corps Grumman F4F Wildcats over Guadalcanal on October 21, shortly after shooting down a Wildcat himself. His victorious opponent is believed to be 1st Lt. Frank C. Drury of the VMF-212 squadron. Ōta is credited with 34 victories, making him the Imperial Japanese Navy's sixth-ranking ace.
In his autobiography, Sakai described Ōta as outgoing and amiable, in contrast to the more reserved Nishizawa, and said he would have been "more at home in a nightclub" than in Lae.