|This article relies too much on references to primary sources. (December 2006)|
etoy is a European digital art group. etoy won several international awards including the Prix Ars Electronica in 1996. Their main slogan is: "leaving reality behind."
etoy routinely experiments with the boundaries of art, such as selling shares of "stock" in the etoy.corporation, a registered company in Switzerland and travelling the world as well as living in "etoy.tanks" (cargo containers).
etoy was founded in 1994 by Gino Esposto (etoy.ESPOSTO/CARL), Michel Zai (etoy.ZAI), Daniel Udatny (etoy.UDATNY), Martin Kubli (etoy.KUBLI), Marky Goldstein (etoy.GOLDSTEIN), Fabio Gramazio (etoy.GRAMAZIO) and Hans Bernhard (etoy.BRAINHARD/HANS).
The toywar was a legal battle around 1999/2000 between the Internet toy retailer eToys.com and etoy about the domain name etoy.com. Fearing brand dilution and customer confusion about the similar domain names, eToys sued etoy for trademark infringement, and asked etoy to remove graphic images and profane language from their website that were bringing customer complaints. The artists refused to comply, and eToys eventually obtained a preliminary injunction against etoy which shut down their website. etoy fought back with a coordinated public relations campaign and Internet-based denial of service attacks on eToys.com. After several weeks eToys dropped the lawsuit and the etoy website returned to operation.
It has been called "the most expensive performance in art history", citing eToys' market capitalization loss of $4.5 billion dollars during the conflict. However most analysts denied that this had been caused by the efforts of etoy and its supporters alone. The story is one of the subjects of the documentary film, info wars.
An email campaign was led by Internet activists including etoy agents developing the toywar website, a battlefield for 2000 toysoldiers.
- "Etoy Battling eToys Over Domain Name". New York Times. 2000-01-30. Retrieved 2009-07-12.
- Fahimian, Giselle (2004). "How the IP Guerrillas Won: ®TMark, Adbusters, Negativland, and the "Bullying Back" of Creative Freedom and Social Commentary". 2004 STAN. TECH. L. REV. 1. Retrieved 2009-07-12.[dead link]
- Slashdot | eToys Inc. Drops etoy Suit - For Real This Time
- website etoy.CORPORATION
- New York Times article on the end of the lawsuit
- the digital hijack
- the digital flapjack - a parody of digital hijack created at the 1996 Prix Ars Electronica by SITO