Trần Văn Minh
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|Trần Văn Minh|
19 August 1923|
Saigon, French Indochina
|Died||31 May 2009
|Allegiance||State of Vietnam, Republic of Vietnam|
|Service/branch||AFRVN Infantry, (Lục Quân Quân-lực VNCH)|
|Rank||Lieutenant General (Trung Tướng)|
|Other work||Minister of Defense (1965)|
Lieutenant General Sylvain Trần Văn Minh (born 19 August 1923, Saigon, French Indochina – died 31 May 2009, Nice, France) was a Vietnamese diplomat and a general of the Army of the Republic of Vietnam.
In 1942, he passed the entry exam for the St Cyr/St Maxient Military Academy organized in Tong, Indochina. From 1943-45, Lieutenant Minh served with the 9th R.I.C. During this period, he participated in operations in Central and North Vietnam, most notably in Cha Pa. After the Japanese coup of 9 March 1945, he accompanied General Alessandri's troops in the retreat to China. In 1946, he was part of the French troops that retook Dien Bien Phu. From there, he eventually made his way to Saigon, travelling on the Mekong River through Luang Prabang and Vientiane. Deployed to the 22nd R.I.C. (1946–47), he was in charge of protecting military convoys between Saigon and Dalat.
Minh was named Directeur des Etudes (Chánh Sở Nghiên Cứu – Director of Intelligence) for the Governor of North Vietnam, Nghiêm Xuân Thiện. 1950 found him in Paris studying at the War Academy (École de Guerre à Paris). Upon his return to Vietnam, he worked at the newly formed State of Vietnam's Ministry of Defense. Two years later, he served on the Chief of Staff. During this time, he worked with General de Lattre de Tassigny in the "Vietnamization" of the Corps Expéditionnaire Français. After participating in Operation Atlante, he was promoted to Commander of the South Sector.
In 1955, Colonel Minh was one of the French delegates at the Geneva Convention. After the accords were signed, he returned home to take command of the first military region in South Vietnam. Late 1955, he was promoted to Général de brigade (Major General). A year later, the 33-year-old Minh was promoted to Général de division (Lieutenant General). From 1957-59, he served as Commandant of the Da Lat military academy. In 1960, President Ngô Đình Diệm named him Inspector General the National Defense, a post he held until 1963.
In 1964–65, he was the Chief of General Staff and in 1965, Minister of Defense. The last position he held was Ambassador of the Republic of Vietnam to Tunis, Tunisia from 1971 until 30 April 1975, when Saigon fell.
- Major General Trần Văn Minh's Military Service
- "Brief biography of General Tran van Minh" (in Vietnamese).
- "Général de Corps d'Armée (Sylvain Trần Văn Minh)" (in French).
- Republic of Vietnam Armed Forces Reunion 2003
- Vietnam War Bibliography: The ARVN and the RVN
- History of the Army of the Republic of Vietnam
- Hue Massacre Tet Offensive Photos
- Liberation of Giai Phong Dan Toi from Communist Viet Cong by Army of the Republic of Vietnam: Photos
- The Battle for Hue, 1968 by James H. Willbanks
- Declassified CIA document on General Minh's remarks