Treaty of Fontainebleau

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The Treaty of Fontainebleau refers to a number of agreements signed at Fontainebleau, France, often at the Château de Fontainebleau:

  • The Treaty of Fontainebleau (1631), signed on 30 May 1631 between Maximilian I, Elector of Bavaria, and the Kingdom of France, established a secret alliance between the two Catholic states during the Thirty Years' War
  • The Treaty of Fontainebleau (1661), between France and Sweden, in which France gave Sweden subsidies in exchange for support of the French choice for King of Poland
  • The Treaty of Fontainebleau (1679), signed on 23 August 1679. French-dictated peace between Denmark–Norway and Sweden during the Scanian War
  • The Treaty of Fontainebleau (1743), established the second Bourbon Family Compact between France and Spain
  • The Treaty of Fontainebleau (1745), which established a military alliance between Louis XV of France and Charles Edward Stuart
  • The Treaty of Fontainebleau (1762), a secret agreement in which France ceded the colony of Louisiana to Spain prior to the 1763 Treaty of Paris, but which was implemented in 1764
  • The Treaty of Fontainebleau (1785) between the Dutch Republic and Emperor Joseph II regarding the Scheldt Estuary
  • The Treaty of Fontainebleau (1807), signed on 27 October between Spain and France, defined the occupation of Portugal and proposed the division of the country into three kingdoms as a result of the Peninsular War - the Kingdom of Northern Lusitania, Portugal (reduced in size) and the Algarve (expanded to include Alentejo)
  • The Treaty of Fontainebleau (1814), signed on 11 April, exiling Napoleon Bonaparte as the Emperor of Elba

It should not be confused with the Edict of Fontainebleau (October 1685), an edict issued by Louis XIV of France, best known as the "Revocation of the Edict of Nantes" of 1598 (which had granted to the Huguenots the right to worship their religion without persecution from the state in a specified number of locations).

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