Treaty of Fort Industry
The Treaty of Fort Industry was a successor treaty to the Treaty of Greenville, which moved the eastern boundary of Indian lands in northern Ohio from the Tuscarawas River and Cuyahoga River westward to a line 120 miles west of the Pennsylvania boundary, which coincided with the western boundary of the Firelands of the Connecticut Western Reserve. In return, the United States agreed "every year forever hereafter, at Detroit, or some other convenient place" to pay $825 for the ceded lands south of the 41st degree of north latitude, and an additional $175 for the Firelands, which lie north of 41 degrees north, which the President would secure from the Connecticut Land Company, for a total of annuity $1000.00, to be "divided between said nations, from time to time, in such proportions as said nations, with the approbation of the President, shall agree."
The treaty was signed on July 4, 1805 by Charles Jouett, a federal Indian agent, for the United States, and representatives of the Ottawa, Potawatomi, Chippewa, Wyandot, Munsee, Delaware and Shawnee.
The Connecticuit Western Reserve was established by Connecticuit's cession of its Ohio and Illinois Country land claims in 1785. The later designated Firelands western portion of the Reserve extended west of the Treaty line established by the Treaty of Fort McIntosh that same year. Conflicts over the area, which was in Indian Country, erupted almost immediately after the treaty signing. While the Treaty of Greenville generally brought peace to the Ohio Country frontier, the Western Reserve boundary line problem wasn't resolved until the Firelands portion was acquired by the Treaty of Fort Industry.
The location of Fort Industry is one of the enduring mysteries of the western frontier. The place of the signing was on the upper Maumee River though the exact location is lost to history. It was possibly a temporary stockade or fortification erected just for the signing. Local tradition places the fort at the mouth of the Swan River on the Maumee in Toledo, Ohio, although there is no documented record of this. U.S. government and military records do not mention that any fort or post was ever built there or anywhere with that name. The name does not appear in period letters and documents before or after that time. The name is often associated with Gen. Anthony Wayne as one of the forts he built along the western Ohio border in the Northwest Indian War more than a decade before. However, Gen. Wayne had been dead for nine years at the time of the signing.
- Text of Treaty of Fort Industry - article II Library of Congress
- Text of Treaty of Fort Industry - article III-IV Library of Congress
- Jacobs, Charles (2003). Wayne's Trace: Fort Deposit to Fort Industry. Arcadia.
- The Firelands Pioneer, Volumes 1-3. Norwalk, Ohio: Firelands Historical Society. p. 37 footnote.
- Sherman, Walter. Old Fort Industry (PDF) (Bulletin #3 ed.). Toledo, Ohio: Historical Society of Western Ohio. p. 15.
- Erb, Robin. "1805 Fort Industry treaty entices Toledo historians". The Blade. The Toledo Blade.
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