Trespass to Property Act (Ontario)

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The Trespass to Property Act is a provincial law in Ontario, Canada dealing with illegal entry into private and public property. As a provincial law, the penalties and mechanisms of enforcement are also provincial. This is an important distinction; under the Canadian system, criminal law is within the realm of federal authority and anyone violating this statute would be subject to quasi-criminal (not full criminal) enforcement. The Act is an attempt to codify what was formerly recognized by the common law. It is most often used by private-property owners to keep unwanted individuals off their property. There are many methods of notifying unwanted individuals that they have been banned (for future access), but the most common is a personal notice to the offender.[1]

Similar laws exist in Prince Edward Island and Saskatchewan.[2][3]


  1. ^ Trespass to Property Act, R.S.O. 1990, c. T.21 on CanLII Retrieved 2012-02-20.
  2. ^ Trespass to Property Act, RSPEI 1988, c. T-6, s. 2(2)
  3. ^ The Trespass to Property Act, SS 2009, c. T-20.2, s. 11