Triumph Gloria

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Triumph Gloria
Triumph Gloria 1935 - Flickr - mick - Lumix.jpg
1991 cc 6-cylinder four door sports saloon
April 1935
Overview
Manufacturer Triumph Motor Company
Production 1934-1938 [1]
Powertrain
Engine 1087 or 1232 cc four-cylinder
1467 or 1991 six-cylinder
1496 or 1767 cc four-cylinder [1]
Transmission four-speed
Dimensions
Wheelbase 108 in (2,743 mm) or 116 in (2,946 mm)[2]

The Triumph Gloria is a car which was produced by the Triumph Motor Company in Coventry, England from 1934 to 1938.

History[edit]

Between 1934 and 1938 Triumph made a large and complex range of Gloria sporting saloons, coupés, tourers, 2-seater sports cars, drophead coupés and golfer’s coupés. All these Glorias, apart from the final two models (1.5-Litre Saloon and Fourteen (1767 cc) Six-Light Saloon of 1937-1938) were powered by 1087 or 1232 cc four-cylinder or 1467 or 1991 cc six-cylinder Coventry Climax overhead inlet and side exhaust valve designed engines (modified and built under licence by Triumph).

The chassis came in two lengths, with an extra 8 in (203 mm) ahead of the passenger compartment depending on whether the four- or six-cylinder engine was fitted, and had conventional non-independent suspension with semi elliptic leaf springs. The brakes were hydraulically operated using the Lockheed system with large 12 in (305 mm) drums.[3] A four-speed transmission was fitted with an optional free wheel mechanism allowing "clutchless" gear changing. Synchromesh was fitted to the gearbox on the final Fourteen and 1.5-litre models.

Gloria Vitesse[edit]

From August 1934 to 1936 the Gloria range included ‘Gloria Vitesse’ models (not to be confused with later Vitesses) which were up-rated, with twin carburettor engine and equipment, versions of the equivalent Gloria and slightly different bodywork in the case of some saloons.

Gloria Southern Cross[edit]

Gloria Southern Cross 10.8 HP 1,232 cc 1935

There was also from 1934 to 1937 an open two-seat sporting model, the Southern Cross, re-using the name previously applied to the sports version of the Triumph Super 9. This used a shortened chassis of 96 in (2,438 mm) for 1232 cc four-cylinder models and 104 in (2,642 mm) for the 1991 sixes.[1]

Scale models and die-cast Models[edit]

Lansdowne Models introduced a model of the 1935/6 Gloria Vitesse Sports Saloon in 2008.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Sedgwick, M. (1989). A-Z of Cars of the 1930s. Devon, UK: Bay View Books. ISBN 1-870979-38-9. 
  2. ^ Culshaw; Horrobin (1974). Complete Catalogue of British Cars. London: Macmillan. ISBN 0-333-16689-2. 
  3. ^ Robson, Graham (1972). The Story of Triumph Sports Cars. London: Motor Racing Publications. ISBN 0-900549-23-8. 
  • Pre-1940 Triumph Owners Club website