Truus Schröder-Schräder (1889-1985) was a Dutch socialite and trained pharmacist who was closely involved with avant-garde artists and architects of the De Stijl movement. Gerrit Rietveld and she built a house for her and her three children — the Rietveld Schröder House — which is today a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Truus Schröder-Schräder was born in Deventer in the east of the Netherlands in 1889. Her father owned a textile factory and her mother died when she was four. Her father remarried two years later and Truus did not get along with her stepmother.[page needed] Truus was sent to a convent boarding school in Amersfoort. After leaving school she was trained as a pharmacist. In 1911, she married Frits Schröder, a lawyer, who was eleven years her elder but came from a similar prosperous Catholic background.[page needed] Truus had three children: a boy and two girls. They lived in a spacious apartment in Utrecht, on the first floor of a large building in the Biltstraat where Mr. Schröder had his offices.[page needed]
The marriage turned to be a confrontation of two worlds where both conflicted ideas about social status, independence, and the upbringing of children. Truus's husband let her change one room of their home to her liking and that is where her partnership with designed Gerrit Rietveld started. Truus’ room was designed by Rietveld and it was clear to her friends that it did not show the social status of Truus, but she was very content with it.
Rietveld Schröder House
In her mid 30s, Truus became a widow and had to raise her children on her own. While she still lived in Biltstraat where she had lived with her husband, Truus found it necessary to leave her home in Biltstraat and look for a more convenient house She had very definite ideas in what she wanted.
Truus had always been interested in the arts and in 1924, she commissioned the Rietveld Schröder House. The architect that would work for the building of this house was Gerrit Rietveld. While Truus had no experience or training as an architect or designer she had a clear vision in the way that she wanted to live her life and her surroundings[page needed] Truus along with Gerrit Rietveld designed much of the equipment and built in furniture for the house together. Truus was credited as joint designer for the Rietveld Schröder House, but this fact has been long forgotten after he became well known as an architect.[page needed] This partnership between Truus and Gerrit proved that both of them worked well together. Truus and Gerrit became lovers and he lived with Truus at the Rietveld Schröder House towards the end of his life.
For Truus Schröder, the Rietveld Schröder House was a declaration of how an independent modern woman intended to live her life.[page needed] She was a woman of an extremely determined character who took delight in provoking her more conventional contemporaries.[page needed] Truus was a very content with her life at the Rietveld Schröder House, where she lived there for more than 60 years. In 1982, Lenneke Buller and Frank Den Oudsten recorded an interview with Truus Schröder. The interview was conducted on two separate days: May 12 and May 14, where she would talk about her life in the Rietveld Schröder House with Rietveld. In this interview Truus talked about the modernist ideas that interested her where she said, "I hardly met any people who had a feeling for what was modern. It was through my sister that ideas came from the outside" Truus had also been very much part of the restoration of the Rietveld Schröder House, where she would pick the architect, Bertus Mulder, who had worked with Gerrit Rietveld. Truus was an independent woman who had her own ideas on what should be done with her house. She loved her home in Utrecht and she remained living there until her death in 1985 at the age of 95. She enjoyed her home and the way she phrased it was, "the luxury of frugality"[page needed]
Truus' daughter, Han Schröder, became a notable architect and educator. She was one of the first registered female architects in the Netherlands and taught interior decoration in the United States.
- Rietveld-Schroder House (1924)
- Glass Radio Cabinet (1925)
- Hanging Glass Cabinet (1926)
- Project for Standardized Housing and the interiors for the Birza House (1927)
- Van Urk House and the Desk (1930–31)
- Houses on Erasmuslaan (1934)
- Vreeburg Cinema and Movable Summer Houses (1936)
- Ekano interiors in Haarlem (1938)
- Richard Weston (2004). Plans, Sections and Elevations: Key Buildings of the Twentieth Century. Laurence King Publishing. pp. 48–. ISBN 978-1-85669-382-0.
- Overy, Paul (c. 1988), The Rietveld Schroder House, MIT Press.
- "Rietveld's Little House Looms Large", The New York Times
- Friedman, Alice T (c. 2006), Woman and the Making of the Modern House: A Social and Architectural History, New Haven and London: Yale University Press.
- "Han Schroeder: Architectural Papers, 1926–1998", International Archive of Women in Architecture. Retrieved 28 February 2012.
- Emanuel, Muriel, ed. (1994). Contemporary Architects. St James Pr. p. 670. ISBN 978-1558621824.
- Brown, Theodore M. (1958). The work of G. Rietveld, architect. A.W. Bruna and Zoon. ASIN B0006CUAV6.