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The Turin factory occupation of 1920 started off in 1919 when 30,000 workers in Turin, many of them at the Fiat factories, got represented in the workers councils. The council uprising started in 1920 to spread with factory occupations where the management was overtaken by the workers. Strikes spread over entire Italy. The anarchistErrico Malatesta and revolutionaryAntonio Gramsci participated, among others.