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Turnover or turn over may refer to:

Arts, entertainment, and media[edit]


  • Turnover (employment), relative rate at which an employer gains and loses staff
  • Asset turnover or asset turns, a financial ratio that measures the efficiency of a company's use of its assets in generating sales revenue
  • Customer attrition, the rate at which a business loses customers, sometimes called the churn
  • Inventory turnover or inventory turns, a measure of the number of times inventory is sold or used in a time period
  • Sales turnover or revenue, income a business has from sales
  • Turnover tax, an indirect tax similar to a sales tax or a VAT


  • Cell turnover, the replacement of old cells with newly generated ones
  • Lake turnover, when the waters in a lake ecosystem begin to mix again to create a uniform temperature
  • Population turnover, measure of gross moves in relation to the size of a population
  • Substance turnover, or biogeochemical cycle, a pathway by which a chemical substance moves through both biotic (biosphere) and abiotic (lithosphere, atmosphere, and hydrosphere) compartments
  • Turnover number, a measure related to chemical conversions


  • Turnover (basketball), when a player loses possession of the ball resulting from a steal, going out of bounds, committing a violation, or committing an offensive foul
  • Turnover (gridiron football), in American and Canadian football when the offense loses possession of the football because of a fumble, interception, or on downs
  • Turnover (rugby league), when a team loses possession or at the end of a team's six tackles
  • Turnover (rugby union), when a team loses possession in a ruck or a maul

Other uses[edit]

  • Turnover (food), a type of pastry made by placing a filling on a piece of dough, folding the dough over, and sealing it

See also[edit]