Turquoise (trading platform)

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TypeMultilateral trading facility
LocationLondon, United Kingdom
OwnerLondon Stock Exchange Group

Turquoise is an equities trading platform (Multilateral trading facility or MTF), created by nine major investment banks in 2008. The aim was to provide dealing services at a 50% discount to traditional exchanges.[1] It is a hybrid system that allows trading both on and off traditional exchanges.[2] The system was advertised as a "pan-European platform based in London".[1]


It was set up by a consortium of banks made up of BNP Paribas, Citi, Credit Suisse, Deutsche Bank, Goldman Sachs, Merrill Lynch, Morgan Stanley, Société Générale and UBS. The group selected EuroCCP to provide clearing and settlement services.[3][4] The group selected Sweden's Cinnober as its trading platform. Turquoise developed a real-time market surveillance system "to capture breaches of trading rules and root out market irregularities". The system is based on the Software AG Apama complex event processing platform.[5] Turquoise was successfully launched on 15 August 2008.[6] Turquoise uses QuantHouse as low latency market data feed for its platform.[7]

On 21 December 2009, the London Stock Exchange Group agreed to take a 60% stake in trading platform Turquoise, which had a 7% share of the market. Turquoise was merged with the LSE's trading facility Baikal Global.[8] On 4 October 2010, Turquoise migrated to MillenniumIT platform.[9] The next day internal technical problems discovered overnight forced the exchange to postpone the system's opening until 9:15am.[10] The system was out of service for 2-hours on 2 November 2010. The London Stock Exchange said "preliminary investigations indicate that this human error may have occurred in suspicious circumstances".[11]

Turquoise[12] has expanded to include the trading of Option and Future Derivatives with its new Electronic Sola Trading[13] derivatives platform launched 6 June 2011, started with the addition of FTSE Index 100 Futures contracts and has expanded to have FTSE 100 Options contracts on 26 September 2011.[14] This fast-growing, high-speed exchange has been recognized as the award winner of the "Best New Derivatives Trading Platform/Service" by the Financial News Awards for Excellence in Trading and Technology, Europe 2011.[15] Since 30 September 2013 Turquoise Derivatives business was acquired by London Stock Exchange plc.[16] On 20 October 2014 Turquoise launched block discovery service to enable participants trading large orders by matching block indications.[17][18] The service won 'Most innovative trading service' at Trading&Technology awards 2015.[19] In May 2016 Turquoise announced plans to extend dark pool to Czech, Poland, Hungary.[20]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b Bland, Ben (29 May 2007). "Analysts divided over trading 'threat' to LSE". The Daily Telegraph.
  2. ^ Cohen, Norma (24 May 2007). "'Dark pools' emerge in Project Turquoise". FT.com. Retrieved 29 May 2007.
  3. ^ "Project Turquoise banks select EuroCCP for clearing and settlement". Finextra.com. 18 April 2007. Retrieved 29 May 2007.
  4. ^ "Project Turquoise appoints EuroCCP and Citigroup as its clearing and settlement agents". TheTradeNews.com.
  5. ^ "Turquoise Exchange Goes Live with Progress Apama". Business Wire. 17 September 2008. Retrieved 14 May 2009.
  6. ^ Angelica, Mari (15 August 2009). "Turquoise trading platform goes live". Computing. Incisive Media Ltd. Retrieved 22 December 2009.
  7. ^ "Turquoise chooses QuantHouse low latency market data feed for its integrated trading platform". www.quanthouse.com. Archived from the original on 4 June 2016. Retrieved 15 May 2016.
  8. ^ "LSE reveals takeover of Turquoise". BBC News. 21 December 2009. Retrieved 22 December 2009.
  9. ^ Grant, Jeremy (11 October 2010). "LSE claims quickest trading speed". Financial Times. ISSN 0307-1766. Retrieved 9 May 2016.
  10. ^ "Turquoise screens go black after IT glitch". The Independent. 5 October 2010. Retrieved 9 May 2016.
  11. ^ "LSE says human error caused Turquoise outage". Finextra Research. 11 January 2011. Retrieved 9 May 2016.
  12. ^ Tradeturquoise.com, 11 April 2011 "source 10 Archived 30 March 2012 at the Wayback Machine"
  13. ^ Sola Homepage"source 2 Archived 19 September 2012 at Archive.today
  14. ^ Tradeturquoise.com, 26 September 2011 "source 11 Archived 18 February 2012 at the Wayback Machine"
  15. ^ Financial News Events, Tuesday 4 October 2011 "source 12 Archived 31 July 2012 at Archive.today".
  16. ^ "Turquoise Derivatives Market Notice" (PDF). 16 September 2013. Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 20 April 2015.
  17. ^ "Brokers back new Turquoise Block Discovery service". FTSE Global Markets. Retrieved 15 May 2016.
  18. ^ Administrator. "Turquoise launches Block Discovery and goes live with seven major brokers". www.exactprosystems.com. Retrieved 15 May 2016.
  19. ^ "Winners 2015 - Financial News Awards for Excellence, Trading and Tech - FN Trading & Technology Awards 2015". tt.efnevents.com. Archived from the original on 27 May 2016. Retrieved 15 May 2016.
  20. ^ "Turquoise plans to extend dark pool to Czech, Poland, Hungary". Reuters. 13 May 2016. Retrieved 15 May 2016.

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