USS Cayuga (LST-1186)
|Career (United States)|
|Namesake:||Cayuga County, New York|
|Ordered:||15 July 1966|
|Builder:||National Steel & Shipbuilding|
|Laid down:||28 September 1968|
|Launched:||12 July 1969|
|Sponsored by:||Mrs. Luther C. Heinz|
|Acquired:||1 June 1970|
|Commissioned:||8 August 1970|
|Decommissioned:||26 August 1994|
|Struck:||23 July 2002|
|2 x battle star|
|Fate:||Transferred to Brazil 24 January 2001|
|Name:||Mattoso Maia (G28)|
|Acquired:||24 January 2001|
|Status:||in active service|
|Class and type:||Newport-class tank landing ship|
|Displacement:||8,757 long tons (8,897.5 t)|
|Length:||523 ft (159.4 m)|
|Beam:||70 ft (21.34 m)|
|Draft:||18 ft (5.49 m)|
|Propulsion:||6 x 16 cylinder ALCO 16-251E main propulsion diesel engines two shafts, three engines per shaft, shaft horsepower 15,000.|
|Speed:||27 knots (50.0 km/h)|
|Complement:||Officers: 32 Enlisted: 232|
Cayuga was laid down on 28 September 1968 at San Diego, California, by the National Steel & Shipbuilding Corporation; launched on 12 July 1969; sponsored by Mrs. Luther C. Heinz, wife of Vice Admiral Luther C. Heinz, Commander of Amphibious Forces, Atlantic; and commissioned on 8 August 1970, Commander William T. Hollenbach in command.
Following commissioning, Cayuga was assigned to the Amphibious Force, Pacific Fleet, with her home port at Long Beach, California. She alternated amphibious training operations along the west coast of the United States with regular, extended deployments to the Far East. Cayuga earned two battle stars for Vietnam service.
In May 1972, Cayuga, USS Schenectady (LST-1185), USS Manitowoc (LST-1180), and USS Duluth (LPD-6) were part of Operation Song Than 6-72, an amphibious landing of Marines in support of the defense of Huế City. Cayuga and Duluth were fired on by NVA artillery during the assault on 24 May 1972. USS Hanson (DD-832) and other gun fire support ships silenced the opposing guns. Cayuga received a Combat Action Ribbon for the incident.
In May of 1983, Cayuga participated in a Marine Amphibious Battalion Landing Exercise (MABLEX) transporting Charlie Company, 1st Battalion, 1st Marines as part of a beach assault and simulated civilian evacuation training exercise.
Cayuga became part of Naval Battle Force, Somalia, under Rear Admiral Arthur K. Cebrowski, in October–November 1993. Other elements of the force included USS America, USS Simpson, USS New Orleans (LPH-11), USS Denver (LPD 9), USS Comstock (LSD 45), and the 13th Marine Expeditionary Unit. Cayuga received the Armed Forces Expeditionary Medal and a Meritorious Unit Commendation for Somalia related operations from 18 October 1993 to 1 February 1994.
Cayuga received the following awards:
- Vietnam Service Medal for periods 20 March 1971 to 23 March 1971 and 3 May 1972 to 26 May 1972
- Combat Action Ribbon for service 24 May 1972
- Republic of the Philippines Presidential Unit Citation with MEDTMS for service from 21 July 1972 to 15 August 1972 probably relating to Typhoon Rita (1972).
- Humanitarian Service Medal for 23 April 1981 and 8 May 1981 for rescuing Vietnamese boat people
- Navy Unit Commendation for 1 August 1990 to 30 April 1991 for service relating to Desert Storm
- Navy Unit Commendation as a part of PHIBREADYGRU A from 1 June 1990 to 1 April 1991 relating to Desert Storm
- Southwest Asia Service Medal for 5 September 1990 to 8 November 1990 and 12 January 1991 to 13 March 1991
- Was nominated for a Combat Action Ribbon for service 17 January 1991 to 28 February 1991, but received no award
- Armed Forces Expeditionary Medal for service 18 October 1993 to 1 February 1994 relating to Operation Restore Hope, Somalia
- Meritorious Unit Commendation as part of 13 MEU SOC from 18 October 1993 to 2 February 1994, Somalia
- This article incorporates text from the public domain Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. The entry can be found here.
- This article includes information collected from the Naval Vessel Register, which, as a U.S. government publication, is in the public domain. The entry can be found here.
- "Cayuga LST-1186". Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. Navy Department, Naval History & Heritage Command.
- Melson, Charles D. (1991). U.S. Marines in Vietnam, The War That Would Not End (PDF). Washington, D.C.: History and Museums Division, Headquarters, U.S. Marine Corps. ISBN 978-0-16-035971-2.
- "Navy Unit Award website". Retrieved 31 January 2015.
- "LST-1186". navysite.de. Retrieved 31 January 2015.
- Ronald J. Brown, ed. (2000). U. S. Marines in the Persian Gulf, 1990–1991: With Marine Forces Afloat in Desert Shield and Desert Storm. DIANE Publishing. ISBN 978-0-7881-8563-2.
- "Cayuga". Naval Vessel Register. Retrieved 31 January 2015.
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