USS Firefly (1814)
Configuration of typical brig
|United States of America|
|Acquired:||8 Dec 1814|
109 ft (33 m)keel 100 ft (30 m)
|Beam:||29 ft 4 in (8.94 m)|
|Draft:||11 ft 6 in (3.51 m)|
in 1812 4 x 18-pounders guns 10 x 18-pounders carronadesin 1816 4 x 12-pounders guns 12 x 18-pounders carronades
|Notes:||Built in Baltimore Maryland|
The USS Firefly, was a brig with two masts, square-rigged, formerly named Volant and originally built as a schooner for use as a privateer. The vessel was purchased at New York by the U.S. Navy on 8 December 1814 and was fitted out as US war ship with 14 guns and used in service during the War of 1812 and Second Barbary War of 1815. Firefly was purchased because of the several US blockade efforts where smaller ships with better maneuverability were needed for the task.
In 1814, during the War of 1812, Firefly became the flagship of a squadron of five small ships which, under the command of Captain David Porter, were preparing for a mission to the West Indies to capture or destroy enemy commerce, however before the squadron departed the mission was canceled when a peace treaty with Britain was signed on 24 December.
On 20 May 1815, during the Second Barbary War, command of the Firefly was given to Lieutenant George W. Rodgers who departed from New York for the Mediterranean to join the squadron of Commodore Stephen Decatur After a few days at sea Rodgers' squadron encountered a heavy gale and the Firefly sprung a mast, forcing it to return to port for repairs.
After repairs were completed Firefly set sail again for the Mediterranean on 18 July where she joined Commodore William Bainbridge's and Decatur's squadrons at Carthagena where preparations for the mission at Algiers were being made. From there the squadrons sailed to Algiers and spend the next several months maintaining the blockade and enforcing the peace concluded with the Dey of Algiers by Commodore Decatur and William Shaler, US Consul to Algiers.
On 15 November 1815 Firefly arrived with the squadron at Newport, R.I., then sailed on to New York where she was laid up at the navy yard where she was later sold at public auction on 3 April 1816 at New York.
- List of schooners
- Glossary of nautical terms
- Piracy in the Caribbean
- West Indies Anti-Piracy Operations of the United States
- Leiner, 2007 p.74
- Allen, 1905, p.282
- U.S.Navy, DANFS, Firefly, page article
- Allen, 1905, p.293
- Tucker, 2004 p.11
- Canney, 2001 p.177
- Allen, Gardner Weld (1905). Our Navy and the Barbary Corsairs.
Houghton Mifflin & Co., Boston, New York and Chicago. p. 354. OCLC 2618279. E'Book
- Canney, Donald L. (1826). Sailing warships of the US Navy.
Chatham Publishing / Naval Institute Press. p. 224. ISBN 1-55750-990-5. Book
- Dept U.S.Navy. "Ships Histories Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships".
Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships.
DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY -- NAVAL HISTORICAL CENTER. Retrieved 1 November 2011.
- Leiner, Frederic C. (2007). The End of Barbary Terror, America's 1815 War against the Pirates of North Africa.
Oxford University Press, 2007. p. 256. ISBN 9780195325409. Book
- Optic , Oliver (1891). Brave Old Salt: or, Life on the quarter deck. A story of the great rebellion.
Lothrop, Lee and Shepard Co., Boston. p. 326. E'Book
- Tucker, Spencer (2004). Stephen Decatur: a life most bold and daring.
Naval Institute Press, 2004 Annapolis, MD. p. 245. ISBN 1-55750-999-9. Book