USS Scorpion (1813)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
For other ships with the same name, see USS Scorpion and HMS Confiance.
History
United States
Name: USS Scorpion
Launched: 1813
Fate: Captured by the British, 6 September 1814
United Kingdom
Name: HMS Confiance
Acquired: captured from US, 6 September 1814
General characteristics
Type: Schooner
Displacement: 86 long tons (87 t)
Length: 62 ft (19 m)
Beam: 17 ft (5.2 m)
Draft: 5 ft (1.5 m)
Propulsion: Sail
Complement: 35 officers and enlisted
Armament:
  • 1 × 32-pounder long gun
  • 1 × 32-pounder carronade

USS Scorpion was a schooner of the United States Navy during the War of 1812. She was the second USN ship to be named for the scorpion. The British captured her on 6 September 1814 and took her into service as HMS Confiance. She was placed in Ordinary in 1817 and broken up in 1831.

Career[edit]

Scorpion was launched in the spring of 1813 at Presque Isle (now Erie, Pennsylvania), probably by Noah Brown of New York, for service on the upper Great Lakes during the War of 1812.

Scorpion, commanded by Sailing Master Stephen Champlin, first cousin to Oliver Hazard Perry, operated with Commodore Perry's squadron on Lake Erie during the summer and fall of 1813.

On 10 September 1813, she participated in the battle off Put-in-Bay, Lake Erie, which resulted in the defeat and capture of the British fleet (see Battle of Lake Erie). Scorpion had the distinction of firing the first and last shot in the battle in which she lost two men. At the close of the action, she and Trippe pursued and captured the fleeing British schooners Chippeway and Little Belt.

After Perry's victory, Scorpion assisted General William Henry Harrison's forces operating in the Thames River area, by transporting troops as well as stores and ammunition captured from the enemy.

During the winter of 1813 and 1814, she was laid up at Erie, Pennsylvania. From May 1814 to September 1814, Scorpion cruised on Lake Erie and Lake Huron, cooperating with the army in the Detroit area by transporting troops, staking out the flats through the St. Clair River, and blockading the enemy at the Nottawasaga River and Lake Simcoe.

Capture and fate[edit]

On 6 September 1814, while on blockade duty on Lake Huron, Scorpion, under command of Daniel Turner, was surprised and captured by the former American schooner, Tigress, which also had been taken by the British a few days earlier. Both vessels and prisoners were taken to Fort Mackinac.

Scorpion was subsequently taken into the British Navy as the four-gun schooner Confiance, which along with Tigress, according to local legend, was later sunk in Georgian Bay, Lake Huron, off Penetanguishene, Ontario. In fact both vessels were laid up and dismantled at Colborne Basin, Ontario.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Tigress". hazegrey.org. Retrieved 17 July 2015.