USS Southland (IX-168)
|Builder:||Newport News Shipbuilding and Drydock Company|
|Commissioned:||22 May 1944|
|Decommissioned:||24 July 1945|
|Struck:||13 August 1945|
|Fate:||War Shipping Administration 24 July 1945|
|Class and type:||Southland|
|Length:||301 ft (92 m)|
|Beam:||52 ft 10 in (16.10 m)|
|Draft:||17 ft 9 in (5.41 m)|
|Armament:||1 x 12 pounder|
The USS Southland (IX-168) was built in 1908 at Newport News, Virginia by the Newport News Shipbuilding and Drydock Company as the SS Southland. The small steamer operated for the Norfolk and Washington Steamboat Company on the Potomac River and Chesapeake Bay, transporting passengers and freight between Washington, Alexandria, Old Point Comfort, and Norfolk.
Southland was one of several light-draft, inland-water, steamers acquired by the War Shipping Administration (WSA) in 1942 for transfer to the British Ministry of War Transport. She was returned to representatives of WSA in England the following year. After conversion to accommodate 544 passengers by Thorn Tanahill and Sons in Glasgow, Scotland, she was chartered by the United States Navy, on a bare boat basis, and commissioned on 22 May 1944, with Lieutenant S. A. Davis, USNR, in command.
Southland was assigned to the 12th Fleet, formerly the United States Naval Forces in Europe, until early 1945. Since there was doubt that she was capable of crossing the Atlantic safely, she was returned to WSA at Falmouth, England on 24 July 1945. She was decommissioned the same day and struck from the Navy list on 13 August 1945.
- This article incorporates text from the public domain Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. The entry can be found here.
- Photo gallery at navsource.org