US Copyright Group
The US Copyright Group (UCSG) is a business registered by the law firm Dunlap, Grubb & Weaver that also operates under the SaveCinema.org moniker. It is engaged in suing people in the U.S. who have allegedly used the P2P file sharing protocol BitTorrent to download certain movies.
The group uses custom software that monitors bittorrent swarms of selected movies, records IP addresses of the file sharers, files suit in order to obtain subpoenas to force ISPs to release the identities of the users, and then sends out letters to these users threatening to sue and offering settlements in the $1,000 to $3,000 range. It works for a number of independent film makers (but not for the Motion Picture Association of America); involved movies include The Hurt Locker, The Steam Experiment, Uncross the Stars, The Gray Man, Call of the Wild, Far Cry, Cornered!, Familiar Strangers, The Expendables, as well as the porn movies Tokyo Cougar Creampies and Teen Paradise 4. The group does not charge up front for its services but takes a percentage of the revenue.
The EFF, ACLU and Time Warner have joined forces to try to quash most of the lawsuits. The ACLU and EFF argued that the lawsuits were not closely related and therefore improperly joined, and that it was improper to file all suits in Washington DC even though most of the alleged offenders resided elsewhere. Time Warner argued that it could only handle 28 IP address lookup requests per month. In July 2010, the Washington D.C. District Court judge rejected these arguments, but ordered UCSG, EFF and ACLU to work together to draft notification letters to be sent to the targeted individuals by their ISPs. The letters would inform them about the process and their legal options to fight the subpoena and would have to be approved by the court.
Also in July 2010, it was discovered that UCSG had copied parts of its website from a competitor without permission.
A lawyer who sold self-help legal kits for people sued by the US Copyright Group was subsequently sued by the group.
A lawsuit was filed against the US Copyright Group in November 2010, alleging that the group engages in fraud and extortion by offering settlements without full intent to sue and by having falsified a movie's date of first publication, among other things.
A setback came in December 2010: the group had filed suit against 4,577 "John Doe" alleged downloaders of the movie Far Cry in Washington D.C. District Court, but the judge dropped all cases against defendants not known to reside in Washington D.C. However, in February 2011 a Washington D.C. federal judge (who had previously worked as a lobbyist for the RIAA) declined a request to stop issuing subpoenas against John Does.
The business model used by the US Copyright Group has been used before in Germany and by the law firm ACS Law in the UK. (ACS Law went out of business in February 2011 and hearings into allegations of professional misconduct of two of its former partners have been scheduled.) Several lawyers in the U.S. working on behalf of porn movie producers have since started to employ the same strategy.
In May 2011 a blind man was notified that Imperial Enterprises (represented by Dunlap, Grubb, and Weaver) had filed a lawsuit against him claiming his internet connection had been used to download a porn movie.
- Keegan Hamilton (August 10, 2011). "Porn, Piracy, & BitTorrent: The film industry mounts a sketchy legal strategy in response to illegal downloads.". Seattle Weekly. Seattle, Washington: Village Voice Media. ISSN 0898-0845. Archived from the original on August 14, 2011. Retrieved August 14, 2011.
- "New litigation campaign quietly targets tens of thousands of movie downloaders". The Hollywood Reporter. 30 March 2010.
- "Shlockmeister Uwe Boll sues 2,000 "Far Cry" P2P downloaders". ars technica. 31 March 2010.
- "Bomb threat as US Copyright Group sues 2,000 more file-swappers". ars technica. 1 October 2010.
- "Court Orders US Copyright Group To Work With Time Warner, EFF To Craft More Informative Letter To Those Being Sued". Techdirt. 1 July 2010.
- "Judge "rejected all of the EFF's arguments" on P2P cases". ars technica. 1 July 2010.
- "U.S. Copyright Group 'Steal' Competitor's Website". TorrentFreak. 30 July 2010.
- Mennecke, Thomas (2010-09-29). "US Copyright Group and Web Sheriff Targeted in DDoS Attack". Slyck. Retrieved 2010-10-23.
- Moore, Erika Jacobson (2010-09-30). "Investigators Track Leads In Bomb Threat At Leesburg Law Office". leesburg2day.com. Leesburg Today. Retrieved 2010-10-27.
- "Hurt Locker Makers Sue Lawyer Who Helped 'BitTorrent' Defendants". TorrentFreak. November 24, 2010.
- "Torrent users sue US Copyright Group for fraud and extortion". TechSpot.com. November 29, 2010.
- "US Copyright Group Drops Cases Against Thousands of BitTorrent Users". TorrentFreak. December 7, 2010.
- "ACS:Law and MediaCAT Completely Shut Down Both Their Businesses". TorrentFreak. 4 February 2011.
- "Former Bar chairman to prosecute anti-piracy partners". Solicitors Journal. 5 May 2011.
- "Do you download copyrighted porn? Lawsuits seek to reveal names". The Hollywood Reporter. 3 September 2010.
- Dunlap, Grubb & Weaver
- USCG v. The People, by the Electronic Frontier Foundation
- USCopyrightGroupDefense.com Marketing website by attorney Eric Menhart seeking clients.
- 'Hurt Locker' sharers: Expect docs like this (photos), CNET News. Settlement letter sent out by UCSG to one Verizon customer