Ullard Church

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Ullard Church
Séipéal Iolaird
Ullard Church 1997 08 28.jpg
Ullard Church is located in Ireland
Ullard Church
Ullard Church
52°34′49″N 6°55′58″W / 52.580245°N 6.932714°W / 52.580245; -6.932714Coordinates: 52°34′49″N 6°55′58″W / 52.580245°N 6.932714°W / 52.580245; -6.932714
LocationUllard, Borris, County Kilkenny
CountryIreland
DenominationChurch of Ireland
Previous denominationPre-Reformation Catholic
History
Founder(s)Saint Fiacre, Mo Ling
Architecture
StyleRomanesque
Years built12th century
Specifications
Length20 m (66 ft)
Width5.25 m (17.2 ft)[1]
Nave width7.2 m (24 ft)
Height8 m (26 ft)
Number of floors1
Floor area110 m2 (1,200 sq ft)
Materialsgranite
Administration
DioceseOssory
Designations
Official nameUllard Church
Reference no.670

Ullard Church is a medieval church and National Monument in County Kilkenny, Ireland.[2][3]

Location[edit]

Ullard Church is located 700 m (2,300 ft) west of the River Barrow and 2.4 km (1.5 mi) south of Borris, County Carlow.[4]

History[edit]

Romanesque doorway

A monastery was supposedly founded on the site in the 7th century by either Saint Mo Ling or Saint Fiacre. A high cross was erected in the 9th century.

The stone church was built in the 12th century and the interior was greatly altered during the 16th century, with changes to the Romanesque doorway, the chancel widened and a stairway built into the wall. Around 1900 a Gaelic handball alley was built, using the church wall for one of the alley walls. This happened at other sites in southeast Ireland; a high stone wall is needed for the game, and several old castles or churches were used for handball.[5]

Church[edit]

Ullard Church is a small nave-and-chancel church built of local granite with a Romanesque doorway. It originally had three orders but the inner order has been completely rebuilt. There is a crypt below the altar.[6][7]

High cross[edit]

High cross

The cross stands about 4 m (13 ft) tall. It has a closed ring, typical of Barrow Valley crosses. Depicted upon it is the Crucifixion of Jesus, Adam and Eve, David with harp and the Binding of Isaac.

Nearby[edit]

In the field to the north of the Church are two bullaun stones nestled beneath a few trees. Further to the north is St Fiacre's holy well. Local people going abroad would bring a bottle of water from the well with them for good luck.[8][9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ O'Keeffe, Tadhg (1 January 2003). "Romanesque Ireland: Architecture and Ideology in the Twelfth Century". Four Courts – via Google Books.
  2. ^ http://www.megalithomania.com/show/site/337/ullard_church.htm
  3. ^ "The Gentleman's Magazine". R. Newton. 1 January 1865 – via Google Books.
  4. ^ Schorr, Frank. "Ullard".
  5. ^ Past, Ed Hannon-Visions of the (9 January 2014). "Ullard Church, Kilkenny, Ireland".
  6. ^ "Ullard Church".
  7. ^ "The 12th century church at Ullard, Co. Kilkenny - Irish Archaeology".
  8. ^ "Old Kilkenny Review" – via Google Books.
  9. ^ "Ullard Monastic Site".