Ultrasound research interface

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An ultrasound research interface (URI) is a software tool loaded onto a diagnostic clinical ultrasound device which provides functionality beyond typical clinical modes of operation.

A normal clinical ultrasound user only has access to the ultrasound data in its final processed form, typically a B-Mode image, in DICOM format. For reasons of device usability they also have limited access to the processing parameters that can be modified.[1][2][3][4]

A URI allows a researcher to achieve different results by either acquiring the image at various intervals through the processing chain, or changing the processing parameters.

Typical B-mode receive processing chain[edit]

A typical digital ultrasound processing chain for B-Mode imaging may look as follows:

  • Multiple analog signals are acquired from the ultrasound transducer (the transmitter/receiver applied to the patient)
  • Analog signals may pass through one or more analog notch filters and a variable-gain amplifier (VCA)
  • Multiple analog-to-digital converters convert the analog radio frequency (RF) signal to a digital RF signal sampled at a predetermined rate (typical ranges are from 20MHz to 160MHz) and at a predetermined number of bits (typical ranges are from 10 bits to 16 bits)
  • Beamforming is applied to individual RF signals by applying time delays and summations as a function of time and transformed into a single RF signal
  • The RF signal is run through one or more digital FIR or IIR filters to extract the most interesting parts of the signal given the clinical operation
  • The filtered RF signal runs through an envelope detector and is log compressed into a grayscale format

Multiple signals processed in this way are lined up together and interpolated and rasterized into a readable image.

Data access[edit]

A URI may provide data access at many different stages of the processing chain, these include:

  • Pre-beamformed digital RF data from individual channels
  • Beamformed RF data
  • Envelope detected data
  • Interpolated image data

Where many diagnostic ultrasound devices have Doppler imaging modes for measuring blood flow, the URI may also provide access to Doppler related signal data, which can include:

  • Demodulated (I/Q) data
  • FFT spectral data
  • Autocorrelated velocity color Doppler data

Tools[edit]

A URI may include many different tools for enabling the researcher to make better use of the device and the data captured, some of these tools include:

  • Custom MATLAB programs for reading and processing signal and image data
  • Software Development Kits (SDKs) for communicating with the URI, signal processing and other specialized modes of operation available on the URI

References[edit]

  1. ^ Wilson T, Zagzebski J, Varghese T, Chen Q, Rao M. The Ultrasonix 500RP: a commercial ultrasound research interface. IEEE Trans Ultrason Ferroelectr Freq Control. 2006 Oct;53(10):1772-82.
  2. ^ Dickie K, Leung C, Zahiri R, Pelissier L. A flexible research interface for collecting clinical ultrasound images. SPIE Multispectral Image Acquisition. 2009 Oct;7494(02)
  3. ^ Rohling R, Fung W, Lajevardi P. PUPIL: Programmable Ultrasound Platform and Interface Library. MICCAI. 2003 Nov;(2879);424-431
  4. ^ Shamdasani V, Bae U, Sikdar S, Yoo YM, Karadayi K, Managuli R, Kim Y. Research interface on a programmable ultrasound scanner. Ultrasonics. 2008 Jul;48(03);159-168.

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

Ultimedical Ultrasound RF data device