Uncial 0121b

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Uncial 0121b
New Testament manuscript
Name Fragmentum Uffenbachianum
Text Hebrews 1-4; 12-13 †
Date 10th-century
Script Greek
Now at University of Hamburg
Size 26 cm by 21 cm
Type mixed
Category III

Uncial 0121b (in the Gregory-Aland numbering), it was named as Fragmentum Uffenbachianum, or Codex Ruber. It is a Greek uncial manuscript of the New Testament, dated palaeographically to the 10th-century.[1] The manuscript is very lacunose.


The codex contains parts of the Hebrews 1:1-4:3; 12:20-13:25 on two parchment leaves (26 cm by 21 cm). The text is written in two columns per page, 45 lines per page, in small semi-uncial letters,[1] in red ink (hence Codex Ruber). The accents and notes of aspiration are carefully marked, but the iota subscriptum nowhere occurs.[2] The Iota adscriptum occurs three times, ν εφελκυστικον is rare. The interrogative (;) occurs once (Heb 3:7), and the inverted comma (>) is often repeated to mark quotations.[3]

The letters are a little unusual, in form small, and their character is between uncial and minuscule, and in the 19th century the codex was classified as a minuscule manuscript (catalogue number 53). Tregelles argued that they are more uncial by character, they are almost entirely separate, and sometimes joined in the same word. "They are certainly by no means cursive, in the common acceptation of the term".[4] According to Scrivener they "can hardly be called semicursive".[3] According to Günther Zuntz it is an uncial manuscript, its letters are that kind of uncial script, which scribes of the 10th and later centuries used.[5]

Size is the same as in Uncial 0121a, the number of lines is almost the same, and characters of letters are similar, therefore they were originally described and classified as the same manuscript (f.e. F. H. A. Scrivener).[3] They received catalogue number 0121 in the Gregory-Aland system. Now after more accurate examination, they are unanimously considered to belong to different manuscripts.


The Greek text of this codex is a representative of the mixed text-type. Aland placed it in Category III.[1]

It does not contain verse Hebrews 2:1. The omission is supported by minuscules 1739 and 1881[6]

In Hebrews 2:9 it reads χωρὶς θεοῦ (apart from God) for χάριτι θεοῦ (by the grace of God). The reading of the codex is supported by 424c, 1739, mss, Peshitta, Origen, Theodore of Mopsuestia, St. Ambrose of Milan, St. Jerome, Fulgentius, Theodoret.[7]


Currently it is dated by the INTF to the 10th-century.[1][8]

The manuscript came from Italy. It once belonged to H. van der Merk. In 1712 it was in Hague.[9]

The manuscript once belonged to Conrad von Uffenbach (hence the name Fragmentum Uffenbachianum), then to J. C. Wolf, and after his death in 1739 to the Public Library of Hamburg. It was very imperfectly described by Maius, Wettstein, Griesbach, and Bengel.[2] Tregelles collated its text twice. Constantin von Tischendorf edited its text in 1855 (with 5 errors) and in 1861 corrected these 5 errors.

The codex now is located in the University of Hamburg (Cod. 50), in Hamburg.[1][8]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c d e Aland, Kurt; Aland, Barbara (1995). The Text of the New Testament: An Introduction to the Critical Editions and to the Theory and Practice of Modern Textual Criticism. Erroll F. Rhodes (trans.). Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 122. ISBN 978-0-8028-4098-1. 
  2. ^ a b T. H. Horne, An Introduction to the Critical Study and Knowledge of the Holy Scriptures, (New York, 1852), vol. 1852, p. 237.
  3. ^ a b c Scrivener, Frederick Henry Ambrose; Edward Miller (2005) [1894]. A Plain Introduction to the Criticism of the New Testament. 1. London: George Bell & Sons. p. 185. 
  4. ^ S. P. Tregelles, An Introduction to the Critical study and Knowledge of the Holy Scriptures, London 1856, p. 207.
  5. ^ G. Zuntz (1953). The Text of the Epistles. London: Wipf & Stock Publishers. p. 287. ISBN 978-1-55635-372-7. 
  6. ^ NA28, p. 658.
  7. ^ UBS3, p. 750
  8. ^ a b "Liste Handschriften". Münster: Institute for New Testament Textual Research. Retrieved 21 April 2011. 
  9. ^ Gregory, Caspar René (1900). Textkritik des Neuen Testaments. 1. Leipzig: J.C. Hinrichs. p. 117. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Constantin von Tischendorf, Anecdota sacra et profana (Leipzig, 1861), pp. 177–205.
  • J. Neville Birdsall, The Two Fragments of the Epistles designated M (0121), JTS XI (1960), pp. 336–338.

External links[edit]

  • Robert Waltz, Uncial 0121a at the Encyclopedia of Textual Criticism